pols 1101.txt

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DrChico8
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41547
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pols 1101.txt
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2010-10-11 23:21:48
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American Democracy Now
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POLS Ch 11 Kennesaw
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  1. Incumbency
    the status of already holding office
  2. Reapportionment
    the reallocation of seats in the HOR on the basis of changes in a state�s population since the last census.
  3. Redistricting
    the redrawing of congressional district boundaries within a state, is based on the reappointment from the census
  4. Gerry mandering
    the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit an incumbent, a political party, or another group
  5. Majority � Minority� District
    a legislative district composed of a majority of a given minority community � say African America- the intent of which is to make it likely that a member of that minority will be elected to congress
  6. Trustee Model
    a model of representation in which a member of the House or Senate should articulate and vote for the position that best represents the views of constituents
  7. Instructed Delegate Model
    a model of representation in which legislators, as representatives of their constituents should vote in keeping with the constituent�s views, even if those views contradict the legislator�s personal views
  8. Pork Barrel
    Legislators appropriations of funds for special projects located within their congressional district
  9. Earmarks
    � a designation within a spending bill that provides for a specific expenditure
  10. Casework
    - personal work by a member of Congress on behalf of a constituents or group of constituents, typically aimed at getting the government to do something the constituents� wants done
  11. Ombudsperson
    a role in which an elected official or appointed leader acts as an advocate for citizens by listening to and investigating complaints against a government agency
  12. Oversight �
    the process by which the legislature branch �checks� the executive branch to ensure that the laws Congress has passed are being administered in keeping with legislator�s intent.
  13. Agenda setting
    determination by congress of which public issues the government should consider for legislation.
  14. A Bill
    a proposed piece of legislation
  15. Hopper �
    wooden box that sits on a desk at the front of the HOR, into which House members place bills they want to introduce
  16. Joint Referral
    the practice, abolished in the 104th Congress, by which a bill could be referred to two different committee�s for consideration
  17. Lead Committee
    the primary committee considering a bill
  18. Seniority System
    the system in which the member with the longest continuous tenure on a standing committee is given preference when the committee is given preference when the committee chooses its chair
  19. Standing Committee
    permanent committee in Congress, with a defined legislative jurisdiction (24)
  20. Select Committee
    congressional committee created to consider specific policy issues or address a specific concern
  21. Joint Committee
    � bicameral committee composed of both chambers of Congress
  22. Subcommittee
    - a subordinate committee in congress that typically handles specific areas of a Standing Committee�s jurisdiction
  23. Agency Review
    � part of the committee or subcommittee process of considering a bill, where in committee members ask executive agencies that would administer the law for written comments on the measure
  24. Hearing
    � sessions held by committees or subcommittees to gather information and views from experts
  25. Mark up
    • � the process by which members of legislative committees �mark-up� a bill with suggested
    • language for changes + amendments
  26. Report
    � a legislative committee explanation to the full chamber of a bill and its intent
  27. Discharge Petition
    • � a special tactic used to extract a bill from a committee in order to have it
    • considered by the entire house (218 votes)
  28. Rules of Committee
    - one of the most important committees in the House, which decides the length of debate and the cope of amendments that will be allowed on a bill
  29. Unanimous Consent
    an agreement by every Senator to the terms of debate on a given piece of legislation
  30. Filibuster �
    a procedural move by a member of the Senate to attempt to halt passage of or change a bill, during which the Senator can speak for an unlimited time on the Senate floor.
  31. Cloture
    a procedural move in which a super majority of 60 senators agrees to end the filibuster
  32. Conference Committee
    � a bicameral, bipartisan committee composed of legislators whose job is to reconcile two versions of a bill
  33. Speaker of the House
    the leader of the House of Representatives, chosen by the majority party
  34. Caucus
    a conference at the beginning of each session of Congress where they choose the party whips
  35. House Majority Leader
    � the leaser of the majority party, who helps the Speaker develop and implement strategy and work with other members of the HOR
  36. Majority Whip
    � a go-between with the majority leadership and party members in the HOR
  37. House Minority Leader
    � the leader of the minority party, whose job mirrors of the Majority Leader but without the power that comes from holding a majority in the HOR
  38. Minority Whip
    � a go-between with the minority leadership, whose job mirrors that of the majority whip but without the power that comes from holding a majority in the HOR
  39. President pro tempore
    - �president for the time� � the chair of the Senate in the Vice President absence; in reality, an honorary title, with the senator of the Majority Party having the longest record of continuous service being elected to the position.
  40. Senate Majority Leader
    - the most powerful position in the Senate ; the majority leader manages the legislative process and schedules debate on legislation
  41. Senate Minority Leader
    the leader of the minority party in the senate, who works with the majority leader in negotiating legislation
  42. Logrolling
    the practice in which members of Congress agree to vote for a bill in exchange for their colleague�s vote on another bill
  43. Congressional constituents
    the people whom members of Congress represent

  44. Attentive public
    • the segment of voters who pay careful attn to political issues

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