Ch 1-2 Vocab
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South decided North winning the war was only a temporary setback.
Created by congress- aided former slaves. Education, financial social. Lasted 7 years. Education was most successful.
Field Order No. 15
1865: William T. Sherman- set aside abandoned land to give in forty acre plots to former slaves. Abolished later that year by President Johnson.
Southern Homestead Act
Largely unsuccessful. Gave black people preferential access to land, but even if they had land, they didn't have the money to run it.
Laws passed to deny black's rights.
Radical Republican. Envisioned a south with no large plantations and few landless farmers.
prohibits states from violating civil rights: outlawed the black codes.
Republican dominated congress controlled Reconstruction.
He deliberately violated the Act that prohibited him from removing certain office holders. Escaped impeachment by one vote.
Guaranteed all American men of all races to vote.
Southerners that took advantage of other southerners
Northerners that went to the south to take advantage of southerners.
demanded universal suffrage
Tammany Hall and Corruption
William Tweed transformed it into a political machine. Robbed NYC of $100 mil.
Civil Rights Act 1875
Charles Sumner- bill passed watered down. Prohibited discrimination in public places. Overturned by Supreme Court in 1883
Compromise of 1877
Republican Rutherford B. Hayes install ed in the white house, and Gave Democrats control of all state government in the South.
Supreme court ruled most citizenship rights lay understates, undoing any good the 14th Amendment had done.
United States v. Cruikshank
Enforcement Act only applied to violations of black rights, not individuals.
Democratic Party rule. "New South Era"
Ch 1-2 Vocab