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What is isometric exercise?
Active exercise performed against stable resistance, where muscles are exercised in a motionless manner.
What is isotonic exercise?
Active exercise during which muscles are worked throught their range of motion (ROM).
What is the definition of infectious disease?
Any disease caused by the growth of pathogenic micro-organisms, which may spread from person to person
What are pathogens?
Micro-organisms capable of producing disease, such as bacteria and viruses.
Define the term "Incubation period"
The time between the contact with a pathogen (disease organism) and the appearance of the first symptoms.
What does the term 'disinfect" mean?
- cleaning with an agent that can kill some micro-organisms on the surface of an object.
what does the term 'sterilizing" mean?
- use of a chemical or physical method, such as pressurised steam, to kill all micro-organisms on an object.
In terms of BSI, what do we mean when we speak of "exposure"?
It is any occurrance of blood or body fluids comng into contact with non-intact skin, mucous membranes or parenteral contact (needle sticks)
Define the terms:
*Stressor is a stimulus that causes stress.
*Stress is a hardship or strain; a physical or emotional response to a stimulus.
What is pathophysiology?
The study of how disease affects normal body processes.
Define "mechanism of injury" (MOI).
The force or forces that caused an injury.
Define the term "nature of the illness" (NOI).
A patient's general medical condition or complaint.
What are "allied health professions"?
Term used to describe members of ancilliary health care professions, apart from physicians and nurses, such as paramedics, respiratory therapists and physical therapists.
Define the term "epidemiology".
The study of factors that influence the frequency, distribution and causes of injury, disease and other health related events in a population.
How do you calculate "Years of productive life"?
Subtract the age at death from 65.
In terms of injury prevention what is primary prevention?
Keeping an injury from ever occuring.
In terms of injury prevention, what is secondary prevention?
Medical care after an injury or illness that helps to prevent further problems from occuring.
In terms of injury prevention, what is tertiary prevention?
Rehabilitation after an injury or illness that helps to prevent further problems from occuring.
In addition to patient care, what roles and responsibilities are emerging for the paramedic?
- *public education
- *health promotion
- *participation in injury/illness prevention programs
Besides the patient, to whom is the paramedic accountable?
- *medical director
- *the public
- *their peers
However, by always acting in the patient's best intrest, the paramedic can minimise any potential problems.
What are the 5 stages of loss?
Denial -> Anger -> Bargaining -> Depression -> Acceptance
What are the 3 phases of a stress response?
Alarm -> Resistance -> Exhaustion
What are "ethics"?
The rules, standards, and expected actions governing the activities of a group or profession.
What are "circadian rhythms"?
- Physiological phenomenon that occur at approximately 24-hour intervals.
- They include:
- - hormonal and body temp fluctuations
- - appetite and sleepiness cycles
To what does the term "anchor time" refer?
The set of hours when a night shift worker can reliably expect to rest without interruption.
What is "burnout"?
Burnout occurs when coping mechanisms no longer buffer job stressors, which can compromise personal health and well-being.
To what does the term BLS (basic life support) refer?
It refers to the basic lifesaving procedures such as artificial ventilation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
To what does the term ALS (advanced life support) refer?
It refers to the advanced life saving procedures such as intravenous therapy, drug therapy, intubation and defibrillation.
What is "triage"?
A method of sorting patients by the severity of their injuries.
What is "medical direction"?
Medical policies, procedures, and practices that are available to providers either on-line or off-line.
What is "QI"?
An evaluation program that emphasizes service and uses customer satisfaction as the ultimate indicator of system performance.
What is a "medical director"?
- A physiscian who is legally responsible for all clinical and patient-care aspects of an EMS system.
- Also referred to as Medical Direction.
To what does the term "off-line medical direction" refer?
It refers to medical policies, procedures, and practices that medical direction has set up in advance of a call.
What are "protocols"?
The policies and procedures for all components of an EMS system.
What are "standing orders"?
Preauthorized treatment procedures; a type of treatment protocol.
What is "on-line medical direction"?
Occurs when a qualified physician gives direct ordersto a pre-hospital care provider by either radio or telephone.
What is an "intervener physician"?
A licensed phycisian, professionally unrelated to patients on scene, who attempts to assist EMS providers with patient care.
What are the 4 Ts of emergency care?
What is "certification"?
The process by which an agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met its qualifications.
What is "licensure"?
The process by which a governmental agency grants permission to engage in a given occupation to an applicant who has attained the degree of competency required to ensure the public's protection.
What is "registration"?
- The process of entering your name and essential information within a particular record.
- In EMS this is done in order for the state to verify the provider's initial certification and to monitor recertification.
What is "reciprocity"?
The process by which an agency grants automatic certification or licensure to an individual who has comparable certification or licensure from another agency.