Disaster Response Ch 1-4
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Disaster Response Ch 1-4
Disaster Response terms
Useful terms from Chapters 1-4 of Disaster Response and Recovery by David McEntire
Agent generated Demands
The needs made evident by the hazard. Problems resulting from the disaster agent itself.
A hazard agent that is produced in or by the earth's atmosphere
Agents that spread disease or are otherwise poisonous
Civil/ Conflict Hazards
Violent events that have the potential to produce mass casualties
A disruptive hazard associated with computer hardware and software
Occur when a hazard interacts with human vulnerability.
Public servants that help jurisdictions reduce the liabilities that lead to disasters.
Help build community disaster capabilities.
Agents that involve degradation of the environment.
Public Safety personnel such as
Earth's Soil and rock
or intentional agent
Earth's water systems
Produced by the extraction, creation, distribution, storage, use, and disposal of chemicals
Scale that measures earthquakes based on physical observation
Activities that attempt to prevent disasters or reduce potential for loss
The desire to learn from the disaster and avoid making similar mistakes.
physical environment .
The pressures to get things back to pre-disaster conditions.
Activity in the IMMEDIATE aftermath to protect life and property
The needs that are made evident as we try to meet agent-generated demands
Explain the magnitude of hurricane in terms of wind and storm surge.
Hazard Agents related to industry, structures, haz mat, computers
The threat or use of violence to intimidate someone or a government
Poisons created by plants and animals
Concerned Citizens who receive some basic disaster training.
Emergency Management Assistance Compact
Similar to a mutual aid agreement but for states
Individuals who work together to perform common goals but do not have a formalized org.
Groups that perform routine tasks with existing structures
Groups that perform routine task with new structures.
Groups that perform nonroutine tasks with existing structures.
Created late 70s by Carter
The sharing of personnel, gear, and facilities.
Military under the Governor
National Response Plan
A document that describes what the gov. will do in catastrophic disasters
Businesses and corporations
Government offices, departments, and agencies
Features of Traditional Model
1. Highest priority to War Disasters
2. Gov. is most reliable due to social chaos.
3. Strict Hierarchy and SOPs
4. EM cares about first-responder issues only
Strengths of Trad. Model
War May have most adverse impact on disaster
Government is important actor
SOPs provide logical guidelines
Hierarchy may save lives
Natural desire to bring order
Weakness of Trad. Model
Nat. and Tech. disasters are more common.
Gov. is NOT the only actor
SOPs cannot provide all guidance
Top-Down structures may slow down response
It may be impossible to control a disaster
Features of Prof. Model
1. Nobody responds alone
2. Emergence cannot be prevented
3. The public is a resource
4. Hierarchical and top-down relations is sometimes impossible
5. No emergency plan will account for all types of disasters
6. Willingness to adapt.
Strengths of Prof. Model
Acknowledges many actors
Stresses integration of involved Parties
Allows for Improv
Broad picture of disasters
Weakness of Prof. Model
Downplays wartime disasters
Downplays Gov. Response
Fails to recognize importance of hierarchical leadership
Overlooks benefits of SOPs
Fails to see details of field level operations