chapter 3:1-3:2

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ryan702
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41754
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chapter 3:1-3:2
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2010-10-12 23:16:08
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  1. scientists who study anatomy
    anatomists
  2. body can be categorized into three main divisions:
    head, trunk, appendages
  3. a network of systems
    body
  4. a group of organs functioning together as a unit to preform a definite job for the body
    system
  5. a group of tissues with a definite form that preforms a definite function or functions
    organ
  6. a group of cells working together to preform a particular function
    tissue
  7. the smallest living unit in the body
    cell
  8. to survive, your body must have: ______, ______, and ______ supplied and ______ removed
    food, water, oxygen, wastes
  9. over 50% of your body consists of the straw-colored liquid called
    plasma
  10. in one drop of blood, there are millions of ______ ______ ______ which transport oxygen to the other cells of the body
    red blood cells
  11. red blood cells travel on special proteins called
    hemoglobin
  12. purpose of cardiovascular system
    transports nutrients, wastes, respiratory gases, and other materials
  13. purpose of respiratory system
    provides oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from it
  14. purpose of digestive system
    breaks down and absorbs nutrients
  15. purpose of urinary system
    concentrates and removes liquid wastes
  16. purpose of lymphatic system
    transports lymph, protects body against invasion
  17. purpose of integumentary system
    covers and protects the body
  18. purpose of skeletal system
    supports the body, provides attachment for muscles, protects vital organs
  19. purpose of muscular system
    moves body parts
  20. purpose of nervous system
    controls body functions and activities
  21. purpose of endocrine system
    controls certain internal body functions
  22. purpose of reproductive system
    forms reproductive cells
  23. clots blood
    platelets
  24. pumps blood
    heart
  25. carry blood Away from the heart
    arteries
  26. smaller vessels that arteries branch into
    arterioles
  27. smallest blood vessels, arterioles branch into these
    capillaries
  28. the mixing of gas or liquid molecules by random molecular motion
    diffusion
  29. carry blood toward the heart
    veins
  30. what system helps blood move through your veins
    muscular system
  31. upper chamber of heart
    atrium
  32. lower chamber of heart
    ventricle
  33. tough, slippery membrane that encloses the heart
    pericardium
  34. type of circulation that transports the blood back and forth between the lungs and heart
    pulmonary circulation
  35. what type of circulation allows the blood flow to the heart tissues and provides the large amounts of oxygen and nutrients
    coronary circulation
  36. what type of circulation is the flow of blood between the heart and the rest of the body
    systemic circulation
  37. air travels first through what
    nasal cavity
  38. lines the nasal cavity and secretes sticky mucus that traps dust particles and other foreign substances found in the air
    mucous membrane
  39. where does air travel second
    pharynx (throat)
  40. where does air travel third
    larynx (voice box)
  41. where does air travel fourth
    trachea (windpipe)
  42. where does air travel last
    bronchi
  43. large, spongy organs of the respiratory system that help you breathe
    lungs
  44. tiny air sacs in the lungs
    alveoli
  45. muscle that helps you breathe
    diaphragm
  46. the path food follows through the digestive system is called
    alimentary canal
  47. chews food and mixes it with saliva
    mouth
  48. molecules designed to make chemical reactions occur very rapidly
    enzymes
  49. visible part of teeth
    crown
  50. hardest substance in the body
    enamel
  51. part of tooth that is not covered by enamel
    root
  52. hard, bonelike structure that forms and shapes the tooth
    dentin
  53. holds the tooth firmly in its socket
    cementum
  54. connects the cementum to the jawbone
    periodontal membrane
  55. long, muscular tube that connects your mouth to your stomach
    esophagus
  56. the involuntary contraction of muscles in the esophagus that pushes the food toward your stomach
    peristalsis
  57. trapdoor that keeps food from entering the trachea
    epiglottis
  58. muscular organ that acts as a storage and mixing chamber
    stomach
  59. the organ where most chemical digestion and food absorption occurs
    small intestine
  60. the first 10" of the small intestine
    duodenum
  61. cover the inside walls of the small intestine and absorb the food
    villi
  62. the body's Largest internal organ
    liver
  63. liver produces
    bile
  64. stores bile
    gallbladder
  65. produces pancreatic juice
    pancreas
  66. another name for large intestine
    colon
  67. short section at the end of the colon
    rectum
  68. filter waste products and excess water from your blood
    kidneys
  69. connect kidneys to the bladder
    ureters
  70. the canal that discharges urine from the body
    urethra
  71. liquid that surrounds every cell in the body
    tissue fluid
  72. tissue fluid after it cleaned the cell
    lymph
  73. enlarged bundles of lymphatic tissue
    lymph nodes
  74. disease-causing organisms
    pathogens
  75. the largest lymphatic organ
    spleen
  76. main job of the spleen
    filter out and dispose of dead cells and microbes in the blood
  77. what is part of your immune system
    lymphatic system
  78. what type of cells attack
    white blood cells
  79. what type of white blood cells attack first
    neutrophilis
  80. what cells move in after the neutrophilis, means big eaters
    macrophages
  81. neutrophilis and macrophages are two types of, means eater cells
    phagocytes
  82. what cells produce antiBodies
    B cells
  83. kills an infecTed cell
    killer T
  84. remain as memory cells
    B cells
  85. allows lymphocytes to grow and mature
    thymus

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