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what are the 4 basic vital signs?
- body temp
- respiratory rate
- blood pressure
what are three examples that can alter blood pressure?
what vital do you not tell the patient you are taking and why
- they become self conscience and alter breathing
what is the sequencing for recording the vital signs on clinic notes?
- health history
- blood pressure
what are thine indications for body temperature?
- new patient
- complete exam
- oral infection
- reported illness/suspected infection
what is the normal body temp in an adult under 70?
what is the normal body temp for an adult over 70
what is the normal body temp for a child in the first year
what is the normal body temp for a child in the 4th year?
what is the normal body temp for a child in the 5th year
what is the normal body temp for a child in the 12th year?
what is pyrexia?
fever-temp over 99.5
what is hyperthermia?
high body temp-over105.8
what is hypothermia?
low body temp-below 96.0
what four factors can influence body temperature?
- time of day
what are some examples that cause hypothermic temp
what are three locations for taking temperature
what are four types of thermometers?
- electronic with digital readout
- mercury in glass
- chemical strip
what care do you give to a patient with a temp over 105.8?
what care do you give to a patient with a temp between 99.6-105.8
- retake after sitting for a few
- if remains dismiss
alternate expansion and contraction of an artery as a wave of blood is forced out from the heart
what is the pulse rate?
count of the heart beats
what is the normal pulse range for an adult?
60-100 beats per minute
what is the normal pulse range for a child age 1-2
what is the normal pulse range for a child age 3-4
what is the normal pulse range for a child age 9-10?
what 2 factors influence pulse rate and what are the called?
- increased pulse rate-tachycardia
- decreased pulse rate-bradycardia
what are some examples that could cause tachycardia
- strong emotions
- extreme heat or cold
- heart disease
what are some examples that cause bradycardia?
what are five sites for determining pulse rate?
functions to supply oxygen to the tissues and to eliminate carbon dioxide
t/f respiration is one breath taken in and one let out
what is the normal respiration rate for adults?
14-20 breaths per minute
what gender has higher respiration?
what is the normal respiration rate for an infant?
30 breaths per minute
what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 1-2
25 breaths per minute
what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 7-8
20 breaths per minute
what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 14-15
18 breaths per minute
what age do you start taking respiration?
what is considered accelerated respiration rate
greater than 28
when do you determine respiration?
immediately after taking pulse
what are five factors to observe during respiration?
- positions of patient
force exerted by blood on the blood vessel walls
what is the heart doing during systole?
what is the heart doing during distole?
which number is upper number?
what number is the lower/bottom number?
what is the normal systolic pressure?
less than 120mmHg
what is the normal diastolic pressure?
less than 80mmHg
what is the normal or safe pulse pressure?
less than 40 mmHg
what are six factors that can cause an increasing blood pressure?
- emotional disturbances
what are five factors that can cause a decreased blood pressure?
- quiet emotions
what equipment is needed to take blood pressure?
what is the procedure for taking blood pressure?
- prepare patient
- apply cuff
- brachial pulse
- inflate cuff
- position stethoscope
- deflate cuff gradually
how must the vitals be recorded in the treatment record?
Date: HHX: No cx to tx P: 75 R: 16 BP: LA 115/65 SI CII
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