Theory1

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Author:
sweetpea281
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41790
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Theory1
Updated:
2010-10-12 22:13:33
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ch8vitalsigns
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chapter 8 vital signs
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  1. what are the 4 basic vital signs?
    • body temp
    • pulse
    • respiratory rate
    • blood pressure
  2. what are three examples that can alter blood pressure?
    • eating
    • drinking
    • smoking
  3. what vital do you not tell the patient you are taking and why
    • respiration
    • they become self conscience and alter breathing
  4. what is the sequencing for recording the vital signs on clinic notes?
    • date
    • health history
    • pulse
    • respiration
    • blood pressure
  5. what are thine indications for body temperature?
    • new patient
    • complete exam
    • oral infection
    • reported illness/suspected infection
  6. what is the normal body temp in an adult under 70?
    98.6
  7. what is the normal body temp for an adult over 70
    96.8
  8. what is the normal body temp for a child in the first year
    99.1
  9. what is the normal body temp for a child in the 4th year?
    99.4
  10. what is the normal body temp for a child in the 5th year
    98.6
  11. what is the normal body temp for a child in the 12th year?
    98.0
  12. what is pyrexia?
    fever-temp over 99.5
  13. what is hyperthermia?
    high body temp-over105.8
  14. what is hypothermia?
    low body temp-below 96.0
  15. what four factors can influence body temperature?
    • time of day
    • exercise
    • fever
    • hypothermic
  16. what are some examples that cause hypothermic temp
    • starvation
    • hemorrage
    • shock
  17. what are three locations for taking temperature
    • oral
    • forehead
    • ear
  18. what are four types of thermometers?
    • electronic with digital readout
    • tympanic-ear
    • mercury in glass
    • chemical strip
  19. what care do you give to a patient with a temp over 105.8?
    • send to ER
    • Call 911
  20. what care do you give to a patient with a temp between 99.6-105.8
    • retake after sitting for a few
    • if remains dismiss
  21. alternate expansion and contraction of an artery as a wave of blood is forced out from the heart
    pulse
  22. what is the pulse rate?
    count of the heart beats
  23. what is the normal pulse range for an adult?
    60-100 beats per minute
  24. what is the normal pulse range for a child age 1-2
    105 bpm
  25. what is the normal pulse range for a child age 3-4
    90 bpm
  26. what is the normal pulse range for a child age 9-10?
    70 bpm
  27. what 2 factors influence pulse rate and what are the called?
    • increased pulse rate-tachycardia
    • decreased pulse rate-bradycardia
  28. what are some examples that could cause tachycardia
    • exercise
    • eating
    • nervous
    • strong emotions
    • extreme heat or cold
    • heart disease
    • stimulant
  29. what are some examples that cause bradycardia?
    • shock
    • sleep
    • starvation
    • depressant
  30. what are five sites for determining pulse rate?
    • radial
    • carotid
    • temporal
    • facial
    • brachial
  31. functions to supply oxygen to the tissues and to eliminate carbon dioxide
    respiration
  32. t/f respiration is one breath taken in and one let out
    true
  33. what is the normal respiration rate for adults?
    14-20 breaths per minute
  34. what gender has higher respiration?
    women
  35. what is the normal respiration rate for an infant?
    30 breaths per minute
  36. what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 1-2
    25 breaths per minute
  37. what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 7-8
    20 breaths per minute
  38. what is the normal respiration rate for a child age 14-15
    18 breaths per minute
  39. what age do you start taking respiration?
    8
  40. what is considered accelerated respiration rate
    greater than 28
  41. when do you determine respiration?
    immediately after taking pulse
  42. what are five factors to observe during respiration?
    • depth
    • rhythm
    • quality
    • sounds
    • positions of patient
  43. force exerted by blood on the blood vessel walls
    blood pressure
  44. what is the heart doing during systole?
    ventricular contraction
  45. what is the heart doing during distole?
    ventricular relaxation
  46. which number is upper number?
    systolic
  47. what number is the lower/bottom number?
    diastolic
  48. what is the normal systolic pressure?
    less than 120mmHg
  49. what is the normal diastolic pressure?
    less than 80mmHg
  50. what is the normal or safe pulse pressure?
    less than 40 mmHg
  51. what are six factors that can cause an increasing blood pressure?
    • exercise
    • eating
    • stimulants
    • emotional disturbances
    • emergencies
    • stress
  52. what are five factors that can cause a decreased blood pressure?
    • fasting
    • rest
    • depressants
    • quiet emotions
    • emergencies
  53. what equipment is needed to take blood pressure?
    • cuff
    • manometer
    • stethoscope
  54. what is the procedure for taking blood pressure?
    • prepare patient
    • apply cuff
    • brachial pulse
    • inflate cuff
    • position stethoscope
    • deflate cuff gradually
    • record
  55. how must the vitals be recorded in the treatment record?
    Date: HHX: No cx to tx P: 75 R: 16 BP: LA 115/65 SI CII

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