# Midterm.txt

 The flashcards below were created by user prrtynpink091 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. Pathos Emotions of situation Ethos Character of speaker Logos-logic Reasoning in the persuasion Truth Property of propositins or statements. One says it is true if it is the case and if not the case it is false Validity Valid if and only if the premises are true and must lead to conclusion to be true Soundness Valid and premises are actually true in reality Properties of an argument Validity truth and soundness Features of deductive argument Syllogisms. Set of propositions and conclusion Valinity Property of arguement that supports the good arguement which makes it valid not true. Syllogisms Major premis, minor premis, and conclusion Major premis Contains middle and major term and quantifier (all, no, some) or conditional (either or, if then, when) Minor premis Contains minor and major terms. Points to one thing person or instance Conclusion Contains minor and major premis. Something that is being proved. Types of syllogisms Categorical (all, every, no), disjunctive (either or), hypothetical (if then, when, in case of). Inductive arguments No certainty, specific to general, like the \$2 bottle of wine Enthymeme Like a sylligism but fails to include one of the three parts. Proposition A decorative statement whichbis either true or false. Simple propsitions have subject and a predicate. Tautology When truth table reveals all truth values Contradiction When truth table reveals not All truth values P^Q T if only both or more are T. Conjunction~and P u Q T only if a T is present. Disjunction~or PQ T unless the horse is dancin the tuti fruti cause he cant. Implication~if, then. PQ T only when P and Q are the same. Equivalence. Membership : Venn Diagram a is apart of a circle, b is apart of a circle, and c is apart of a circle. Containment : Venn Diagram All A is B but not all B is A Negation : Venn Diagram Yellow = negation Intersection : Venn Diagram all blue is intersection Union : Venn Diagram all A and B and intersection of the two Truth value T - true as F- false; the relation of proposition to truth. If and only if...truth table equivalence, or If P and Q are the same then T if, then....truth table the horse can't dance the tuti fruti, implication not...truth table ~P, or not P means the opposite of P or...truth table the v, disjunction, T if a T is present and...truth table all have to be T to be T; conjunction Modus Ponens Affirming the antecedent where ((P->Q)^P)->Q 0=F 1=T Basic kinds of induction aruements Generalization, analogy, causality Generalization one or more examples to general case.(i.e. that cat has fur, that cat has fur, ...., all cats have fur.) Analogy one specific case to another specific case A<----->C Causality makes or produces another thing....cause to affect or affect to cause, usually involves a generalization about the unknown occurrence to the known occurrence. Authorprrtynpink091 ID41799 Card SetMidterm.txt Descriptiontest Updated2010-10-13T02:38:55Z Show Answers