A large estate run by an owner or manager and farmed by laborers who lived there
Columbus's small ships on his voyage to find a western route to Asia
Nina and Pinta
The largest ship on Columbus’s first voyage in 1492, Columbus was also captain.
An agreement to move the line of demarcation farther west. It divided the entire unexplored world between Spain and Portugal
Treaty of Tordesillas
writings by Marco Polo about his experiences in Asia. It was read throughout Europe, and inspired Christopher Columbus to sail the opposite direction to reach the East.
word meaning “rebirth”, a period of intellectual and artistic creativity, changed the way Europeans thought about themselves and the world. It paved the way for an age of exploration and discovery.
Name Spanish Class System
Peninsulares (Top Class), Creoles (Middle Class), and Mestizos (Lower Class).
the theory that a state’s or nation’s power depended on its wealth.
German priest who rejected many Catholic practices including the authority of the Pope, he declared that the bible was the only true guide for Christians and that faith was the only way to salvation, not good deeds.
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztecs
Explored South Africa and founded the Cape of Good Hope
a prince who sent out crews to explore for him and collect data, began “school of navigation” where astronomers, geographers, and mathematicians shared their knowledge with Portuguese ship builders.
Henry the Navigator
Completed the eastern sea route to Asia
Vasco de Gama
Landed in present day Florida and founded the first port in America, St. Augustine.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Sailed down the Pacific coast to South America. He conquered the Incan Empire by killing their emperor.
Believed to have explored a land west of Greenland known as Vinland.
First person to sail around the world.
Explorer and author of the book Travels
stood up for the Native Americans and suggested replacing Native American slaves with Africans, which her regretted later.
Samual de Champlain
wanted wealth and religion
Portugal needed to explore because they didn't have what?