Music History 1 Chapter 10
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What are Chorales?
Strophic hymn in the Lutheran tradition, intended to be sung by the congregation.
What is a chorale motet?
Chorale setting in the style of a sixteenth century motet.
What is Cantional style?
Where the chorale in top voice-accompanied by block chords with little contrapuntal figuration.
What are metrical psalms?
Metric, rhymed, strophic translations of psalms in the vernacular that were set to newly composed melodies or tunes adapted from chant.
What are psalters?
Published collections containing metrical psalms
What is a service?
Consists of the music for certain portions of Matins, Holy Communion, and Evensong.
What is a great service?
Contrapuntal and melismatic setting of service portions.
What is a short service?
Has the same texts, but in a syllabic, chordal style.
What is an anthem?
Polyphonic sacred work in English for Anglican religious services.
What is a full anthem?
For unaccompanied choir in contrapuntal style.
What is a verse anthem?
Employs one or more solo voices with organ or viol accompaniment, alternating with passages for full choir doubled by instruments.
What was the date of the Reformation?
October 31, 1517
What are the three movements of the Reformation?
- The Church of England
What is the Deutsche Messe?
- Published by Luther, followed main outlines of the Roman Mass but differed from it in many details
- and replaced most elements of the Proper and Ordinary with German hymns
What important piece did Luther write?
Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott
What are the three regional churches of Calvinism?
- 1. France- Huguenots
- 2. The Netherlands- The Dutch Reformed Church
- 3. England- The Puritans
What is the Bay Psalm Book?
First published psalter in North America
Retain Catholic doctrine
Adopted Protestant doctrines
Blended elements of Catholic and Protestant theology
Style of Franco-Flemish composers
- 1. careful treatment of dissonance
- 2. equality of voices
- 3. clearly defined mode
- 4. Imitation Mass-Now voices often varied motives as they imitated them.
- 5. chant lines are freely treated-Served as subjects for motets as well as masses.
- duple meter-Sometimes with brief, contrasting passages in triple meter.
The Council of Trent
Restore the doctrines and practices of Catholicism.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Missa Papae Marcelli
Thomas Luis de Victoria
- O magnum mysterium
- Missa O magnum mysterium, Kyrie
Magnum opus musicum
1604, Principal collection of Orlande de Lassus' motets
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