2D Design Flashcards

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2D Design Flashcards
2010-10-13 08:35:58

This file includes information about elements and principles of design.
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  1. Design
    The Planned arrangement of visual elements to create an image or pattern.
  2. Form
    The visual aspect of the artwork by the manipulation of elements and principles of design.
  3. Unity
    Harmony of agreement existing among the elements of a design to create an integrated image
  4. Negative Shapes
    Spaces between form
  5. Gestalt
    Theory of visual psychology-the whole will predominate over the parts.
  6. Element
    The “what” you compose in an image or object.
  7. Content
    The subject matter, story, or information that artwork seeks to communicate to the viewer.
  8. Balance
    Distribution of visual weight within a composition.
  9. GRID
    A network of horizontal and verticle lines used to organize a page and create unity.
  10. Allover Pattern
    The more common name for crystallographic balance
  11. Source
    The stimulus for an image or idea.
  12. Line
    An infinite number of points, or a moving dot.
  13. Accent
    • Secondary point of emphasis that has less attention value than the focal point.
  14. Focal Point
    A device, which utilizes an emphasized element that attracts the viewer’s attention and encourages him/her to look further.
  15. Shape
    A visually perceived area created either by an enclosing line or by color, value and or texture changes defining the outer edge.
  16. Gesture
    A drawing in which describing shapes is less important than showing the action taking place.
  17. Value
    Relative light and darkness
  18. Contour
    A drawing in which a line follows the edges of forms to describe their outlines.
  19. Naturalism
    Realistically reproducing the visual image, form and proportions seen in nature.
  20. Idealism
    A specific type of distortion, which reproduces the natural world, but improves upon it.
  21. Abstraction:
    A specific kind of distortion that implies a simplification of an object’s shapes to their essential, basic character.
  22. Distortion
    Disregarding the shapes and forms of objects, purposely changing or exaggerating them.
  23. Nonobjective
    Images that have no definite object reference and do not suggest recognizable subject matter.
  24. Scale:
    Another word for size.
  25. Proportion
    The ratio of size measured against other elements, or against some standard.
  26. Golden rectangle
    A rectangle that has influenced art and design since the ancient Greeks discovered it.
  27. Value-Contrast:
    Relationship between individual areas of dark and light.
  28. Rhythm
    A visual flow or movement with a clear repetition of elements that are the same or slightly modified.
  29. Atmospheric Perspective
    When far-off images become grayer and less distinct as distance increases.
  30. Chiaroscuro
    Renaissance term to describe the artistic devise of using light and dark to imply depth and volume in painting.
  31. Movement
    The visual path taken when looking at an artwork.