psychostimulant drug, bilogical actions is to temprarily inhibit the enzyme monamine oxidase (MAO)
several thousdand more times potent then amphetamine in its ability to inhibit MAO
pychotomimetic psychedelic hallucinogenic drug (P/PH)
elevate mood in low doses, and area capable of inducing psychosis mimicking effects at higher dose
lsyergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
(P/PH) considerably more potent then mescaline it is capable of inducing effects that are practically indistinguishable from those of mescaline
molecules that are identical except for their being mirror images of each other, have very different effects on the body.
the two forms in solutions rotate plane-polarized light in different directions ( to the left with the levo or l isomer) and (to the right with the de xtro or d isomer)
when two isomers display differential receptor binding propertes and therefore induse different effects they are said to be......
depressants cause a shift in the electoencephalogram less frequently and higher amplitude waves
stimulant cause a shift in the EEG greater frequency and lower amplitude waves
at which biological level , dose
the terms depressant and stimulant do not mean much, unless one specifies at.........the depression or stimulation is occuring, or the ..... of the drug
Lilly 11014 When a pharmaceutical company discovers or synthesizes a promising new drug two or more letters and a series of numbers is assigned
this is a complete description of a particular molecule according to specific rules of organic chemistry
fluoxetine ( this indicates its legal, offical or nonproprietary)
this is the proprietary name devised by the manufacuter ( Prozac)
physicians Desk reference (PDR)
one of the most frequently used reference books that describe psychotropic drugs according to their medical uses
sedative hypnotics (depressents)
low doses-dedate, calm or relax most individulas
higher does-induse sleep
classification for ethyl alcohol (ethanol)
classification for barbiturates
classification for chloral hydrate
classification for flurazepam (dalmane)
classification for zolpidem (ambien) most common sleeping pill
many drugs in this class (e.g. phenobrarbital) are effective in reducing seizure activity
can be used as muscle relaxants although muscle relaxation is secondary to their effects on the CNS
anxiolytic or antianxiety drugs
used in treating disorders where the prevailing symptom in anxiety (e.g. neuroses -"minor tranquilizers)
anxiolytic or anyianxiety
classification for benzodiazepines (family name )
alprazolam (Xanax) most common today
anxiolytic or antianxiety
classification for buspirone (BuSpar)
psychostimulants (sometimes stimulants)
low to moderate doses_increase altertness reduse fatigue and elevate mood in most individuals
caffine (most common in world)
for drugs in this category the use context is usually a recreational one because these drugs are not generally prescribed for theraputic use.
could be used from appetite surpressants (anoretics or anorecties)
and treatment for narcolepsy
treatment for ADHD
or mild depression in very special cases
used in the treatment of major mental and emotional disturbances (psychoses) sometimes reffered to as "major tranqualizers"
the exaggerated mood is predominantly one of depression (clinical depression)
bipolar disorder sometimes referred to as manic depressive syndrome
the person exhibits depressed episodes at times; at other times he or she may exhibit episodes of mania (characterized by frenzied psychomotor activity excitement a rapod passing or flight of ideas exaltation exaggerated cofidence and unstable attention)
the person is constantly elevated mood.
antidepressants and mood stabilizers
drugs used to treat unipolar, bipolar, and maina are usually called......
used in severe, unremitting cases of depression generally for those depressions for which there appear to be no outstanding causal events
block NE reuptake
most useful in the treatment of manic symptoms the drug of choice is generally a lithium salt, such as lithium carbonate
drugs taken specifically to severely distort ones perceptions of reality disturpt cognitive processes or induce hallucinations
for psychosis mimicking (person acts as if skitsophrenic)
for mind manifesting
for hallucination generating
examples of PPHs
ecstasy (more contempory )
a wide variety of ........... compounds are used in the treatment of pain
nitrous oxide (laughing gas)
many of the sedative hypnotics (large doses) cocaine (as an anesthetic)
Food and drug administration (FDA)
When a drug has been shown to be reasonably safe and effective for some specific symptoms it is approved for medical use by the .....and offically labeled
schedule 1 drugs
are those that have no currently accepted medical use in the U.S. and have a high potential for abuse.
heroin, LSD, mescaline, psilcybin, cannabinoids (some exceptions) are what schedule ?
schedule 2 drugs
are those that have some currently accepted medical uses in the U.S. but have a high abuse potential
schedule 2 drugs
amphetamine, cocaine, methylphenidate (Ridalin), morphine, opium, meperidine, methadone (sometimes to treat heroin addicts) are what schedule drugs?
schedule 3 drugs
are those that have some currently accepted medical use and less potential for abuse than others.
schedule 3 drugs
compounds containing codeine
short to intermediate duration barbiturates
nonbarbiturate sedative- hypnotics
are what time of schedule drugs
schedule 4 and 5 drugs
are those with current medical uses and successively lower abuse potentials than those of other schedules
schedule 4 and 5 drugs
long lasting barbiturates
low potency narcotics
cough syrup with codeine
are what schedule drugs ?
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
the fact that small alterations in a drug molecule can produce minimal changes in its effects has led to considerable problems for the .... which is responsible for controlling illegal drugs
by slightly altering the structure of an already illegal drugs "underground chemist" have attempted to produce new compounds often referred to as...........with the same properties as illegal drugs.