MedT Ch 5 Def

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MedT Ch 5 Def
2010-10-13 15:41:39

HLHS 101 Definitions: Digestive System
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  1. lack of appetite
  2. abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  3. rumbling or gugling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
    borborygmus (plural: borborygmi)
  4. difficulty in passing stools (feces)
  5. frequent passage of loose, watery stools
  6. difficulty in swallowing
  7. gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
  8. gas expelled through the anus
  9. passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
  10. yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia)
    jaundice (icterus)
  11. black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood
  12. unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with the tendency to vomit
  13. fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter
  14. inflammtion of the mouth with small, painful ulcers; also called canker sores
    aphthous stomatitis
  15. tooth decay
    dental caries
  16. inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpesvirus; also called fever blisters or cold sores
    herpetic stomatitis
  17. white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
    oral leukoplakia
  18. inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone
    periodontal disease
  19. failure of the lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax
  20. malignant tumor of the esophagus
    esophageal cancer
  21. swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
    esphageal varices
  22. malignant tumor of the stomach
    gastric cancer
  23. solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach; heartburn; reflux esphagitis
    gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  24. protrusion of an orgna or part through the muscle normally containing it
  25. open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum
    peptic ulcer
  26. abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
    anal fistula
  27. polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
    colonic polyps
  28. adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both
    colorectal cancer
  29. chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon); a form of inflammatroy bowel disease (IBD)
    Crohn disease (Chrohn's)
  30. abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall
  31. painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection
  32. swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
  33. loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
  34. telescoping of the intestines
  35. group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
    irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  36. chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
    ulcerative colitis
  37. twisting of the intestine on itself
  38. gallstones in the gallbladder
  39. chronic degenerative disease of the liver
  40. malignant tumor of the pancreas
    pancreatic cancer
  41. inflammation of the pancreas
  42. inflammation of the liver caused by a virus (A, B, C)
    viral hepatitis
  43. tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood
    liver function tests (LFTs)
  44. test for microorganisms present in feces
    stool culture
  45. test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces
    stool guaiac test of Hemoccult test
  46. x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
    lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema)
  47. x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth
    upper gastrointestinal series
  48. x-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
  49. a series of x-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)
    computed tomography (CT)
  50. sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera
    abdominal ultrasonography
  51. use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract
    endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)
  52. magnetic waves produce images or organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
    magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  53. reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)
    gastric bypass or bariatric surgery
  54. visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
    gastrointestinal endoscopy
  55. visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen
  56. removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination
    liver biopsy
  57. insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
    nasogastric intubation
  58. surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
    paracentesis (abdominocentesis)