Ch. 38 - Safety
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A safe environment includes:
- Meeting basic human needs
- Reducing physical hazards
- Reducing transmission of pathogens
- Maintaining sanitation
- Controlling pollution
Basic Human Needs
- temperature and humidity
Contamination of the environmental atmosphere with substances known as pollutants, which are not normally found in the air
Safety device that alerts health care personnel that a client is attempting to get up. Provides an alternative to restraints.
Sensation, as of light or warmth, that may precede an attack of migraine or epileptic seizure.
The use of biological agents to create fear and threat.
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced by the combustion of carbon or organic fuels.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Federal agency responsible for the enforcement of federal regulations regarding the manufacture and distribution of food, drugs, and cosmetics to ensure protection against the sale of impure or dangerous substances.
Toxic processes resulting from the ingestion of a food contaminated by toxic substances or by bacteria containing toxins.
Process by which resistance to an infectious disease is produced or augmented. Immunity is acquired after the oral administration or injection of an antigen, which causes production of an antibody within the body.
Contamination of soil by improper disposal of radioactive or bioactive waste products.
Noise level in an environment at the level that it becomes uncomfortable to the inhabitants.
Any substance that impairs health or destroys life when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed by the body in relatively small amounts.
Harmful chemical or waste material discharged into the water or atmosphere.
Amount of moisture in the air as compared with the maximum amount that the air could contain at the same temperature.
Device to aid in the immobilization of a client or a client's extremity.
Brief, temporary malfunctions of nerve cells in the brain may result in seizure activity. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by loss of consciousness, tonicity (rigidity), and clonicity (jerking).
Measures that protect the client from injury during a seizure.
Medical emergency whereby a person has continual seizures without interruption.
Contamination of lakes, rivers, and streams by industrial pollutants.
Alarm system that indicates when a client has exited their bed; the alarm sounds when the pressure is relieved from the Sensormat in their bed.
Physical circumstances in which a person works or lives; can increase the likelihood that certain illnesses will occur (e.g. some kinds of cancer and other diseases are more likely to develop when industrial workers are exposed to certain chemicals or when people live near toxic waste disposal sites).
Abnormal lowering of body temperature below 95° F (35° C), usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
Any microorganism capable of producing disease.
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