MedT Ch 8

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llinderl
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41979
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MedT Ch 8
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2010-10-13 16:41:20
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Definitions Exam
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HLHS 101 Definitions: Female Reproductive System
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  1. fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
    adnexa uteri
  2. innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
    amnion
  3. dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
    areola
  4. small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body)
    Bartholin glands
  5. lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
    cervix
  6. outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embry; it forms the fetal part of the placenta
    chorion
  7. organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
    clitoris
  8. sexual intercourse; copulation
    coitus
  9. empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone afer release of the egg cell; literally means yellow body
    corpus luteum
  10. region inthe lower abdomen, midway between the recturm and the uterus
    cul-de-sac
  11. stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
    embryo
  12. inner, mucous membrane lining the uterus
    endometrium
  13. hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
    estrogen
  14. one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
    fallopian tube
  15. union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
    fertilization
  16. stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks
    fetus
  17. finger-or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
    fimbriae (singular: fimbria)
  18. secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
    follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  19. male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
    gamete
  20. productive orgnas; also called genitals
    genitalia
  21. period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
    gestation
  22. female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis
    gonad
  23. study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
    gynecology
  24. hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
    human chorionic gonadatropin (hCG)
  25. mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
    hymen
  26. lips of the vagina
    labia
  27. tubes that carry milk within the breast
    lactiferous ducts
  28. hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
    luteinizing hormone (LH)
  29. nipple of the breast
    mammary papilla
  30. beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce
    menarche
  31. gradual ending of menstruation
    menopause
  32. monthly shedding of the uterine lining
    menstruation
  33. muscle layer of the uterus
    myometrium
  34. branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn
    neonatology
  35. branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
    obstetrics
  36. an opening
    orifice
  37. developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary
    ovarian follicle
  38. one of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each size of the pelvis
    ovary
  39. release of the ovum from the ovary
    ovulation
  40. mature egg cell (female gamete)
    ovum (plural: ova)
  41. act of giving birth
    parturition
  42. in females, the area between the anus and the vagina
    perineum
  43. endocrine gland at the base of the brain
    pituitary gland
  44. vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy; serves as communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
    placenta
  45. condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
    pregnancy
  46. hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
    progesterone
  47. point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appea and gametes are produced
    puberty
  48. outermost layer surrounding the uterus
    uterine serosa
  49. hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop
    uterus
  50. muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
    vagina
  51. external femal genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
    vulva
  52. stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks
    zygote
  53. malignant cells with the cervix; can be caused by human papillomavirus (HPV)
    carcinoma of the cervix (cervical cancer)
  54. inflammation of the cervix
    cervicitis
  55. malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)
    carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)
  56. endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus
    endometriosis
  57. benign tumors in the uterus
    fibroids
  58. malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)
    ovarian carcinoma
  59. collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary
    ovarian cysts
  60. inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis
    pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  61. malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)
    carcinoma of the breast (breast cancer)
  62. numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
    fibrocystic disease
  63. premature separation of the implanted placenta
    abruptio placentae
  64. malignant tumor of the placenta
    choriocarcinoma
  65. implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
    ectopic pregnancy
  66. more than one fetus inside the uterus
    multiple gestation
  67. implantation of the placenta over the cervial opening or in the lower region of the uterus
    placenta previa
  68. abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
    preeclampsia
  69. chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes
    Down syndrome
  70. hemolytic disease in the newborn (HND) caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
    erythroblastosis fetalis
  71. acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
    hyaline membrane disease
  72. accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
    hydrocephalus
  73. abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn
    meconium aspiration syndrome
  74. narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
    pyloric stenosis
  75. microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
    Pap test/smear
  76. blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG
    pregnancy test
  77. x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injction of contrast material
    hysterosalpingography (HSG)
  78. x-ray imaging of the breast
    mammography
  79. technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
    breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI
  80. recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
    pelvic ultrasonography
  81. withdrawal of fluid from the cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
    aspiration
  82. destruction of tissue by burning
    cauterization
  83. visual examination of the vagina and cervis using a colposcope
    colposcopy
  84. removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix
    conization
  85. use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
    cryosurgery
  86. needle aspiration of fluid from teh cul-de-sac
    culdocentesis
  87. widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
    dilation and curettage (D&C)
  88. removal of internal organs within a cavity
    exenteration
  89. visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope
    laparoscopy
  90. blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring
    tubal ligation
  91. spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own
    abortion (AB)
  92. needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
    amniocentesis
  93. surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
    cesarean section
  94. sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis
    chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  95. continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce the fetal distress during labor
    fetal monitoring
  96. egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization
    in vitro fertilization (IVF)
  97. measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis
    pelvimetry

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