MedT Ch 9 Def

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Author:
llinderl
ID:
41982
Filename:
MedT Ch 9 Def
Updated:
2010-10-13 17:04:00
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Definitions Exam
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Description:
HLHS 101 Definitions: Male Reproductive System
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  1. a pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra, secrete fluid into the urethra; also called Cowper glands
    bulbourethral glands
  2. ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
    ejaculation
  3. tube through which semen enters the male urethra
    ejaculatory duct
  4. one of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes on top of each testis; carries sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens
    epididymis
  5. inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
    erectile dysfunction
  6. hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile (able to move)
    flagellum
  7. two infants born of the the same pregnancy from two separate egg cells fertilized by two different sperm cells
    fraternal twins
  8. sensitive tip of the penis
    glans penis
  9. two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos
    identical twins
  10. the essential distinctive cells of an organ
    parenchyma
  11. male external organ of reproduction
    penis
  12. external region between teh anus and scrotum in males
    perineum
  13. foreskin; fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
    prepuce
  14. exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder
    prostate gland
  15. external sac that contains the testes
    scrotum
  16. spermatozoa and seminal fluid (prostatic and seminal vesicle secretions)
    semen
  17. paired sac-like male exocrine glands that secrete fluid (a major component of semen) into the vas deferens
    seminal vesicles
  18. narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes
    seminiferous tubules
  19. sperm cell
    spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa)
  20. procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells
    sterilization
  21. supportivce, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its parenchyma
    stroma
  22. male gonad that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone
    testis (plural: testes)
  23. hormone secreted by the interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics
    testosterone
  24. narrow tube (one on each side) that carries sperm from the epididymis into the body and toward the urethra; also called the ductus deferens
    vas deferens
  25. malignant tumor of the testicles
    carcinoma of the testes (testicular cancer)
  26. undescended testicles
    cryptorchidism; cryptorchism
  27. sac of clear fluid in the scrotum
    hyrocele
  28. twisting of the spermatic cord
    testicular torsion
  29. enlarged, dilated veins near the testicle
    varicocele
  30. benign growth of cells within the prostate gland; surgical treatment by transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  31. malignant tumor of the prostate gland
    carcinoma of the prostate (prostate cancer)
  32. hypospadias; hypospadia
    congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip
  33. narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
    phimosis
  34. bacterial invasion (by Chlamydia trachomatis) of the urethra and reproductive tract
    chlamydial infection
  35. inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonocci (berry-shaped bacteria)
    gonorrhea
  36. infection of skin and genital mucosa, caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV)
    herpes genitalis
  37. infection of the skin and mucous membranes in the anogenital region by the human papillomavirus
    human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  38. chronic STD caused by spriochete (spiral-shaped bacterium); causes chancres
    syphilis
  39. measurement of levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood
    PSA test
  40. microscopic examination of ejaculated fluid
    semen analysis
  41. surgical excision of testicles or ovaries
    castration
  42. surgical procedure to remove the prepuce of the penis
    circumcision
  43. finger palpation through the anal canal and rectum to examine the prostate gland
    digital rectal examination (DRE)
  44. removal of tissue to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using a green light laser (laser TURP)
    photoselective vaporization of the prostate (GreenLight PVP)
  45. excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra
    transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
  46. bilateral surgical removal of a part of the vas deferens
    vasectomy

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