Prentice Hall Health Ch.4 Mental Disorders and Suicide
illness that affects the mind and reduces a person's ability to function.
What are some behaviors of someone with a mental disorder?
Abnormal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors
What are some causes of a mental disorder?
1. Physical factors (damage to brain)
3. Early experiences
4. Recent experiences (more likely to trigger a mental disorder)
Describe three signs of attention deficit (ADHD)
- Doesn't pay attention to details
- Makes careless mistakes
- Does not seem to listen
- Forgets to do daily activities
- Easily distracted
- Difficulty following instructions
fear of spiders
fear of flying
fear of high places
fear of open or public places
fear of snakes
What is a phobia?
anxiety related to a specific situation or object
What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?
When someone has a need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome.
extreme emotions that make it difficult to function well in their daily lives
severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness, and behavior
behavior that makes it difficult to get along with others
mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.
does not eat enough food to maintain healthy body weight.
Symptoms of anorexia include...
extreme weight loss, slowed heart and breathing rates, dry skin, lowered body temperature, growth of fine body hair
Health risks of anorexia include...
Starvation; lack of essential minerals can cause heart to stop suddenly, leading to death
Possible causes of anorexia include...
lack of chemical that regulates mood, low self-esteem, strong desire to please others, troubled relationships
Treatment for anorexia
Must be encouraged to get help, must first be treated @ hospital to stop weight loss and eating habits, and mental health experts work with patient and FAMILY MEMBERS to address underlying emotional problems
uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging, or removing food from their bodies
Health risks of bulimia include...
dehydration, kidney damage, and lack of necessary vitamins and minerals
Possible cause of bulimia include...
may binge to feel better emotionally, then purge because they are concerned about gaining weight. may also be connected to diet, then goes out of control
Treatment for bulimia
offer support in private, then gently encourage person to get help of mental-health professional.
binge eating disorder
regularly having an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food
Health risks of binge eating include...
excess weight gain, unhealthy dieting
Possible causes of binge eating...
may use to avoid dealing with difficult emotions to provide temporary relief
Treatment for binge eating
may need to eat more slowly and deliberately, and need to address underlying emotional problem
What is the difference between binge eating and bulimia? binge eating and anorexia?
main difference is in bulimia you purge the food you ate. in anorexia, you eat nothing, and in binge eating, you eat alot.
feeling sad and hopeless for months
intentional killing of oneself
Risk factors for suicide
previous suicide attempt or family history of suicide, mental disorder or substance abuse disorder, feeling of hopelessness or isolation, lack of access to mental health treatment, influenced by suicide of close people.
What ways can you prevent suicide?
get treatment for any disorders, stay connected and have close relationships with family friends, and others in community
physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders
physician who treats physical disorders of nervous system
person who is trainged to recognise and treat behavior that is abnormal. Have degree in phsychology and at least two years of practical training in clinics or hospitals.
psychiatric social worker
listen to and advise people. help people with mental disorders and their families to accept and adjust to illness
therapy where person talks to therapist
help people better understand reasons for the behavior. Hope is, with insight, they will be able to change behaviors
cognitive and behavioral therapy
helps person identify situations, objets, or thoughts that trigger abnormal behaviors. Goal is for patient to learn new ways to behave
people meet with other people with similar disorders. group members work together to develop coping skills
when doctors prescibe drugs to treat mental disorders. they can relieve symptoms and allow patient to function normally.
when disorder is so severe, they must be monitered at all times in hospital, where they get the care.