history test 3

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history test 3
2010-10-14 18:39:45

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  1. old school beliefs regarding religion?
    • 1. polytheists
    • 2. gods act on whim, ambenevolent
    • 3. people must please/appease gods via sacrifice (humans, animals, food)
  2. shift of beliefs, new school?
    • 1. monotheists (muslim, hebrews, christians)
    • 2. benevolent (kind, loving) all knowing, powerful
    • 3. live moral lives
  3. define moral freedom
    the ability/capacity to choose between right and wrong
  4. discuss morality and ethics.
    morals - how you treat yourself

    ethics - how you treat others
  5. what ideas contributed to the monotheist concept of individual worth?
    Individual = under gods image, divine spark, dignity that can't ever be taken away
  6. how is individual worth expressed in democracy?
    1. one QP= one vote

    2. vote or conscience
  7. relate moral freedom to laws
    without beliefs of ability to choose right or wrong, no accountability
  8. 2 ways roman empire helped spread christianity
    1. Diaspora

    2. constantine - 380 A.D. made it official language of Roman empire
  9. Identify Islam
    • based of teachings of Muhammad
    • Qu'ran
    • early 600's
    • Allah
  10. legacy of monotheistic religions to democracy
    • -Duty of individuals to combat oppression and justice
    • -worth of individual
    • -equality of people
    • -tolerance
    • -charity
  11. define legacy
    lasting effect
  12. purpose/belief/view of life in middle ages?
    preparation for afterlife, service to church, accept you position
  13. purpose of life in renaissance?
    live life to the fullest

    -individualism, art, explanation, buisness
  14. define reformation
    religious movement lead by martin luther + protestants to reform catholic church, "paid pardons"
  15. how did the renaissance + reformation shape democratic ideas? How?
    emphasized importance of individuals, ability to question authority

    by challenging authority of pope, supporting ideas that people interpret bible for themselves, direct relationship with god
  16. What important legal practice dates back to henry II?
    Trial by Jury
  17. What did one have to do to "prove" innocence before?
    survive physical test
  18. what impact did english common law have on the united states?
    its principles are the foundation for law in the U.S.
  19. how does common law differ from Roman Law?
    common law reflects the customs and principles of country

    Roman law represents the will of the ruler
  20. what were the main achievements of the glorious revolution?
    Parliment's right to limit the power of the monarch + guarantee citizens rights + liberties.
  21. name 2 basic individual rights guaranteed in the magna carta
    Jury trail

    protection under law
  22. magna carta
    contract between king and nobles, limited power of king
  23. common law
    reflected customs and principles over time... precedents, common to kingdom
  24. due process of law
    to have the law work in known and orderly ways

    • -right to jury trial
    • -protection under law
    • -no arbitrary punishment
  25. parliment
    england's national legislature. house of commons and lords, had "power of the purse"

    • -gave advice to royals
    • -made laws
  26. divine right
    kings claimed their power from god, chosen by god
  27. glorious revolution
    william and mary crowned co-rulers, parliment controls succession of throne. power is limited even more.
  28. constitutional monarchy
    powers of ruler limited, "checked" by laws + constitution
  29. Bill of rights
    summary of essential rights + liberties

    ex. free speech
  30. what was englands legacy to democracy?
    • -rule of law
    • -parliment government
    • -individual liberties
    • -constitutional monarchy