Forearm, hand, leg, foot.txt

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
42062
Filename:
Forearm, hand, leg, foot.txt
Updated:
2010-10-13 22:21:52
Tags:
massage anatomy
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Description:
for a massage anatomy test
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  1. Brachialis
    • A- Flex the elbow
    • O- Distal half of anterior surface of humerus
    • I- Tuberosity and coronoid process of ulna
  2. Brachioradialis
    • A- Flex the elbow, assist to pronate and supinate the forearm when these movements are resisted
    • O- lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
    • I- Styloid process of radius
  3. Extesnor Carpi Radialis Longus and Brevis
    • A- Extend the wrist, abduct the wrist, assist to flex the elbow
    • O- Lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
    • I- Longus: Base of second metacarpal
    • Brevis- Base of third metacarpal
  4. Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
    • A- Extend the wrist, adduct the wrist
    • O- Common extensor tendon from the lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • I- Base of fifth metacarpal
  5. Extensor Digitorum
    • A- Extend the second through fifth fingers, assist to extend the wrist
    • O- common extensor tendon from the lateral epicondyle of humerus
    • i- middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth finger
  6. anconeus
    • a- extend the elbow
    • o- lateral epicondyle of the humerus
    • i- olecranon process and lateral edge of ulnar shaft
  7. extensor indicis
    • a-extend the second finger, assist to adduct the second finger
    • o- posterior surface of distal shaft of ulna and interosseous membrane
    • i- tendon of the extensor digitorum at the level of the second metacarpal
  8. flexor carpi radialis
    • a- flex the wrist, abduct the wrist, flex the elbow
    • o- common flexor tendon from medial epicondyle
    • i- bases of second and third metacarpals
  9. palmaris longus
    • a-tense the palmer fascia, flex the wrist, flex the elbow
    • o- common flexor tendon from medial epicondyle
    • i- flexor retinaculum and palmar aponeurosis
  10. flexor carpi ulnaris
    • a- flex the wrist, adduct the wrist, assist to flex the elbow
    • o- humeral head- common flexor tendon from medial epicondyle of humerus
    • ulnar head- posterior surface of proximal half of ulnar shaft
    • i- pisiform
  11. flexor digitorum superficialis
    • a- flex the second through fifth, flex the wrist
    • o- common flexor tendon from medial epicondyle of humerus, ulnar collateral ligament, coronoid process of ulna and shaft of radius
    • i- by four tendons into sides of middle phalanges of second through fifth fingers
  12. flexor digitorum profundus
    • a-flex the second through fifth fingers, assist to flex the wrist
    • o- anterior and medial surfaces of proximal three quarters of ulna
    • i- by four tendons into bases of distal phalanges, palmar surface of second through fifth fingers
  13. pronator teres
    • a-pronate the forearm, assist to flex the elbow
    • o- medial epicondlye of the humerus, common flexor tendon and coronoid process of the ulna
    • i- middle of lateral surface of the radius
  14. pronator quadratus
    • a- pronate the forearm
    • o- medial, anterior surface of distal ulna
    • i- lateral, anterior surafce of distal radius
  15. supinator
    • a- supinate the forearm
    • o- radial collateral ligament, annular ligament and supinator crest of the ulna
    • i- lateral surface of proximal shaft of the radisu
  16. gastrocnemius
    • a- flex the knee, plantar flex the ankle
    • o- condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces
    • i- calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
  17. soleus
    • a- plantar flex the ankle
    • o- soleal line, posterior surface of tibia and proximal, posterior surface of fibula
    • i- calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
  18. plantaris
    • a- weak plantar flexion of the ankle
    • weak flexion of the knee
    • o- lateral condyle of the femur
    • i- calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
  19. popliteus
    • a- medially rotate the flexed knee, flex the knee
    • 0-lateral epicondyle of the femur
    • i- procimal, posterior aspect of tibia
  20. peroneus longus
    • a- evert the foot. assist to plantar flex the ankle
    • o- proximal two thirds of lateral fibula
    • i- base of the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform
  21. peroneus brevis
    • a- evert the foot, assist to plantar flex the ankle
    • o- distal two thirds of lateral fibula
    • i- tuberosity of fifth metatarsal
  22. tibialis anterior
    • a- invert the foot, dorsiflx the ankle
    • o- proximal lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane
    • i- medial cuneiform and base of the first metatarsal
  23. extensor digitorum longus
    • a- extend the second through fifth toues, dorsiflex the ankle, ever the foot,
    • o- proximal anterior shaft of fibula and interosseous membrane
    • i- middle and distal phalanges of second through fifth toes
  24. extensor hallucis longus
    • a- extend the first toe, dorsiflex the ankle, invert the foot
    • o- middle anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane
    • i- distal phalange of first toe
  25. tibialis posterior
    • a-invert the foot, plantar flex the ankle
    • o- proximal posterior shaft of tibia, proximal fibula and interosseous membrane
    • i- navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid and bases of second through fourth metatarsals
  26. flexor digitorum longus
    • a- flex the second through fifth toes, weak plantar flexion of ankle, invert the foot
    • o- middle posterior surface of tibia
    • i- distal phalanges of second through fifth toes
  27. flexor hallucis longus
    • a-flex the first toe, weak plantar flexion of ankle, invert the foot
    • o- middle half of posterior fibula
    • i- distal phalange of first toe

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