Card Set Information
History US Vocab
Chapter 13 Terms
Changing Native American’s culture and traditions.
Battle of the Little Bighorn
Battle between Sioux and US Army. Sioux victory; all the US soldiers were killed.
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Agency that managed Native American reservations.
Nez Percé leader during their forced move from the Pacific Northwest.
Law breaking up reservations and dividing them into individual plots of land.
George Armstrong Custer
US Army colonel in charge of the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Native Indian from the southwest, who organized and led several raids and attacks. Was eventually captured.
Native Indian dance that was said to ensure the savior would come. Made US afraid of spread of hope.
John M. Chivington
Army colonel responsible for the sand creek massacre.
Sand Creek Massacre
Killing of 150 Cheyenne women, children, and elderly people.
Leader of the Sioux at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Wounded Knee Massacre
Killing of 300 Sioux men, women, and children.
Trails that cattle were taken through to reach the railway stations, where they would be taken to the east.
A silver mine that had $500 million worth of silver.
Cutting deep shafts into solid rock to extract minerals.
Using high-pressured water to push away dirt and reveal minerals underneath.
Inventor of the barbed wire.
Finding minerals in loose sand or dirt.
A special breed of cattle that was immune to the Texas fever, and could survive with little water and grass.
The Big “Die-Up”
When widespread cattle disease spread and killed tons of cattle when they were locked within barbed fences.
African American who encouraged the foundation of black societies in the west.
Factory-like farms, operating them as large businesses. Failed miserably due to bad growing seasons.
House built on the side of a hill for support.
African American who moved to Kansas in search of freedom and a peaceful lifestyle.
Act that gave a certain amount of prairie land to the head of the family, providing he uses it for five years.
Invented a new type of plow ideal for farming in the plains
Act that gave a certain amount of prairie land to collages.
Pacific Railway Act
Act that gave land to railroad stations.
House mad out of compressed dirt grass and roots. Sturdy, insolating, it was the ideal house for prairie life.
US Census Bureau
Bureau that collected the census in different areas and determined how inhabited they were.