US History

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US History
2010-10-14 02:38:09
History US Vocab

Chapter 13 Terms
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  1. Americanization
    • Changing Native American’s culture and traditions.

  2. Battle of the Little Bighorn
    • Battle between Sioux and US Army. Sioux victory; all the US soldiers were killed.

  3. Bureau of Indian Affairs
    • Agency that managed Native American reservations.

  4. Chief Joseph
    • Nez Percé leader during their forced move from the Pacific Northwest.

  5. Dawes Act
    • Law breaking up reservations and dividing them into individual plots of land.

  6. George Armstrong Custer
    • US Army colonel in charge of the Battle of Little Bighorn.

  7. Geronimo
    • Native Indian from the southwest, who organized and led several raids and attacks. Was eventually captured.

  8. Ghost Dance
    • Native Indian dance that was said to ensure the savior would come. Made US afraid of spread of hope.

  9. John M. Chivington
    • Army colonel responsible for the sand creek massacre.

  10. Sand Creek Massacre
    • Killing of 150 Cheyenne women, children, and elderly people.

  11. Sitting Bull
    • Leader of the Sioux at the Battle of Little Bighorn.

  12. Wounded Knee Massacre
    • Killing of 300 Sioux men, women, and children.

  13. Cattle Trails
    • Trails that cattle were taken through to reach the railway stations, where they would be taken to the east.

  14. Comstock Lode
    • A silver mine that had $500 million worth of silver.

  15. Hard-Rock Mining
    • Cutting deep shafts into solid rock to extract minerals.

  16. Hydraulic Mining
    • Using high-pressured water to push away dirt and reveal minerals underneath.

  17. Joseph Glidden
    • Inventor of the barbed wire.

  18. Placer Mining
    • Finding minerals in loose sand or dirt.

  19. Texas Longhorn
    • A special breed of cattle that was immune to the Texas fever, and could survive with little water and grass.

  20. The Big “Die-Up”
    • When widespread cattle disease spread and killed tons of cattle when they were locked within barbed fences.

  21. Benjamin Singleton
    • African American who encouraged the foundation of black societies in the west.

  22. Bonanza Farm
    • Factory-like farms, operating them as large businesses. Failed miserably due to bad growing seasons.

  23. Dugout
    • House built on the side of a hill for support.

  24. Exoduster
    • African American who moved to Kansas in search of freedom and a peaceful lifestyle.

  25. Homestead Act
    • Act that gave a certain amount of prairie land to the head of the family, providing he uses it for five years.

  26. James Oliver
    • Invented a new type of plow ideal for farming in the plains

  27. Morrill Act
    • Act that gave a certain amount of prairie land to collages.

  28. Pacific Railway Act
    • Act that gave land to railroad stations.

  29. Sod House
    • House mad out of compressed dirt grass and roots. Sturdy, insolating, it was the ideal house for prairie life.

  30. US Census Bureau
    • Bureau that collected the census in different areas and determined how inhabited they were.