Chapter 3 and 4

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kdianem81
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42188
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Chapter 3 and 4
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2010-10-20 02:29:03
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Drug Alcohol Abuse
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  1. With the passage of the ______, the decline of patent medicines began.

    A. Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988
    B. Harrison Act of 1914
    C. Narcotics Control Act of 1956D. Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
    D
  2. The Pure Food and Drug Act required:

    A. that drugs be proven safe and effective prior to marketing.
    B. that drugs be proven safe prior to marketing.
    C. manufacturers to indicate the amounts of addicting substances found in each drug product.
    D. manufacturers to submit all new drugs for Food and Drug Administration approval prior to marketing.
    C
  3. The ______ allowed the manufacturer to determine whether a drug was to be labeled prescription or nonprescription.

    A. Harrison Act of 1914
    B. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
    C. Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988
    D. Drug Abuse Control Amendment Act of 1965
    B
  4. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was passed in response to which of the following events?

    A. Some women who used thalidomide during pregnancy gave birth to children with phocomelia.
    B. A pharmaceutical company marketed an antibiotic dissolved in the toxic solvent, diethylene glycol.
    C. Some over-the-counter drugs were determined ineffective for their indicated use.
    D. Individuals became addicted to patent medicines.
    B
  5. The ______ established the criteria for determining whether a drug should be classified as prescription or nonprescription.

    A. Harrison Act of 1914
    B. Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988
    C. Drug Abuse Control Amendment Act of 1965
    D. Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951
    D
  6. If a drug falls into which of the following categories, it will be classified as prescription.

    A. The drug is not safe for self-medication because of its toxicity.
    B. The drug is a new compound that has not been shown to be completely safe.
    C. The drug is habit forming.
    D. All of the above
    E. Only A and B
    D
  7. What drug was used in Europe as a sedative for pregnant women?

    A. morphine
    B. thalidomide
    C. fluoxetine
    D. zidovudine
    E. None of the above
    B
  8. The ______ allows companies to receive tax advantages if they develop drugs that are designed to treat rare diseases and hence are not very profitable.

    A. Switching Policy
    B. Fast Track Policy
    C. OTC Policy
    D. Orphan Drug Law
    D
  9. The ______ policy of the FDA allows it to review prescription drugs and evaluate their suitability as OTC products.

    A. Switching
    B. Fast Track
    C. OTC
    D. Orphan Drug Law
    A
  10. The ______ served as the foundation and reference for subsequent laws directed at regulating drug abuse issues.

    A. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
    B. Harrison Act
    C. Narcotics Act
    D. Heroin Act
    B
  11. The ______ divided substances with abuse potential into categories based on the degree of their abuse potential and their clinical usefulness.

    A. Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
    B. Comprehensive Anti-Drug Abuse Act
    C. Medical Utility and Abuse Act
    D. Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
    A
  12. ______ drugs have high abuse potential but are approved for medical purposes.

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule V
    B
  13. ______ drugs have high abuse potential and are not approved in the United States for medical purposes.

    A. Schedule I
    B. Schedule II
    C. Schedule III
    D. Schedule V
    A
  14. Approximately how many neurons are in the brain?

    A. 1 billion
    B. 5 billion
    C. 10 billion
    D. 100 billion
    D
  15. ______ is the maintenance of internal stability.

    A. Dependence
    B. Withdrawal
    C. Homeostasis
    D. Rebound
    C
  16. ______ are the principal cells in nervous systems.

    A. Neurons
    B. Hormones
    C. Endorphins
    D. Blood
    A
  17. ______ are chemical messengers released by neurons.

    A. Dendrites
    B. Receptors
    C. Neurotransmitters
    D. Hormones
    C
  18. A minute gap between the neuron and target cell across which neurotransmitters travel is called a ______.

    A. dendrite
    B. synaptic cleft
    C. receptor
    D. neuron
    B
  19. Which of the following describes a neuronal axon?

    A. A protein site on a cell that reacts to endogenous chemical messengers such as neurotransmitters.
    B. A small fiber that conducts electric-like impulses from dendrites to terminal.
    C. Part of the neuron’s cell body.D. A short, tree-like branch that picks up information from surrounding neurons.
    B
  20. Neurotransmitters that have narcotic-like effects are called ______.

    A. endorphins
    B. dopamine
    C. GABA
    D. noradrenaline
    A
  21. Nicotinic receptors are activated by which of the following transmitters?

    A. acetylcholine
    B. GABA
    C. substance P
    D. dopamine
    A
  22. The nervous system is composed of all but which of the following?

    A. the brain
    B. the spinal cord
    C. the neurons
    D. the blood vessels
    D
  23. How much does the average brain weigh?

    A. 1/2 pound
    B. 1 pound
    C. 3 pounds
    D. 4 1/2 pounds
    C
  24. LSD is thought to do which of the following?

    A. Have serotonin-like chemical effects
    B. Cause a deficiency of dopamine in the basal ganglia of the brain
    C. Cause a deficiency of norepinephrine in the cortex
    D. Cause a deficiency of acetylcholine in the basal ganglia of the brain
    A
  25. Which of the following is not part of the nervous system?

    A. hypothalamus
    B. limbic system
    C. basal ganglia
    D. pancreas
    D
  26. Which of the following brain regions is most likely to directly regulate the endocrine systems?

    A. hypothalamus
    B. basal ganglia
    C. cortex
    D. cerebellum
    A
  27. Which of the following is not a major nervous system?

    A. sympathetic
    B. autonomic
    C. parasympathetic
    D. adrenal
    D
  28. Which of the following is not a neurotransmitter?

    A. androgen
    B. acetylcholine
    C. dopamine
    D. serotonin
    A
  29. Which structure has been found to be important in maintaining nicotine dependence?

    A. basal ganglia
    B. hypothalamus
    C. pituitary gland
    D. insula
    D
  30. Which of the following is most similar to the anabolic steroids often abused by athletes?

    A. estrogen
    B. prostaglandin
    C. adrenaline
    D. testosterone
    D
  31. Hormones that are able to convert nutrients into tissue mass are called ______.

    A. anabolic steroids
    B. anticholinergic steroids
    C. vasculature steroids
    D. neuronal steroids
    A
  32. Which of the following is least likely to be caused by abuse of anabolic steroids?

    A. growth of muscle mass
    B. sedation and a mellowing of temper
    C. headaches
    D. disrupted sleep patterns
    B
  33. Which of the following is an accepted therapeutic use of androgens?

    A. replacement in males with abnormally functioning testes
    B. enhancing muscle growth in athletes
    C. relief of headaches and anxiety
    D. All of the above
    A

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