Unit 2 Vocab

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Shikha612
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42247
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Unit 2 Vocab
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2010-10-15 09:51:25
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AP World History Vocab Unit
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Brock's Vocab terms from Unit 2
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  1. This Sunni dynasty that overthrew the Umayyads as caliphs in 750 C.E.
    Abbasid
  2. Who was the first caliph? He was one of Muhammad’s earliest followers and closest friends? (632-634 C.E.)
    Abu Bakr
  3. What was the capital of the Abbasid dynasty? It was located in Iraq.
    Baghdad
  4. The eastern Half of the Roman Empire following the collapse of the western half of the old empire was referred to as…
    The Byzantine Empire
  5. What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?
    Constantinople
  6. What was the name of the Incan religious center in Cuzco?
    Temple of the Sun
  7. What city was the center of Aztec power, founded on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco?
    Tenochtitlan
  8. Who was the thinker who believed that through reason, it was possible to know everything about natural order, moral law, and the nature of God?
    Thomas Aquinas
  9. Who were the Umayidds?
    A powerful Muslim family
  10. Who were members of military elite who received land or benefice from a lord in return for military service and loyalty?
    Vassals
  11. What is another term for Scandinavian raiders?
    Viking/Norse
  12. Also known as the Duke of Normandie, who invaded England and created a centralized feudal system?
    William the Conquerer
  13. What masterpiece of Byzantine architecure was built as a Christian church by Jusinian in present day Istanbul, but was converted into a mosque in 1453, and now is a museum?
    Hagia Sofia
  14. Originiating in China, what technique was used for printing widely throughout East Asia?
    Woodblock Printing
  15. What is the term for a tower attached to a mosque, that was used to call for prayer?
    Minaret
  16. What is the native language of a particular locality?
    Vernacular language
  17. Recorded by women, what traditions of the prophet Muhammad played a critical role in islamic law and rituals?
    Hadith
  18. In Christian theology, what belief implies that law, not faith, is the pre-eminent principle of redemption?
    Legalism
  19. What religion of early Japanese culture worships numerous gods and spirits associated with the natural world?
    Shintoism
  20. What translates as "the way of changes?"
    Tao Te Ching
  21. What fundamental text of Taoism was a Chinese classic written by Lao Tzu?
    Tao Te Ching
  22. What divide of the Christian church resulted in two popes?
    The Great Schism
  23. What was type of culture was retained in the Byzantine Empire?
    Mediterranean
  24. Who were political and religious successors to Muhammad?
    The Caliphate
  25. What was the royal house of Franks that succeeded the Merovingian Dynasty?
    Carolingian Dynasty
  26. Who was the most prominent member of the Carolingian Dynasty?
    Charlemagne
  27. What was a social status system based on class in India?
    The Caste System
  28. What Carolingian monarch’s real name was Charles the Great?
    Charlemagne
  29. Charlemagne established a substantial empire in which two countries?
    France and Germany
  30. Chichen Itza was originally a city in what empire?
    Mayan
  31. “Way of the Warrior”
    • Bushido
    • This code defined service and conduct appropriate for Japanese samurais
    • The Code of Bushido
  32. This code of knighthood was associated with ideals of knightly virtues, honor, and courtly love
    The Code of Chivalry
  33. When was the Code of Chivalry originated?
    The Middle Ages
  34. What was a series of military adventures initially launched by western Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim?
    Crusades
  35. Who were the warlord leaders of 300 small kingdoms following the Onin war and the disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate?
    Daimyo
  36. What was an Islamic shrine in Jerusalem that is believed to be the site where Muhammed ascended to heaven?
    Dome of the Rock
  37. What is a family or group that maintains power for several generations?
    Dynasty
  38. Whose marriage united Spain?
    Ferdinand and Isabella
  39. Who was responsible for the re-conquest of Granada and the initiation of exploration of the New World?
    Ferdinand
  40. What was a system where lords provided protection or aid to serfs in return for labor?
    Feudalism
  41. What are the obligatory religious duties of all Muslims?
    Five Pillars of Islam
  42. Five Pillars of Islam: prayer…
    5 times a day, facing Mecca
  43. Five Pillars of Islam: fasting…
    During Ramadan
  44. Five Pillars of Islam: zakat…
    Tax for charity
  45. Five Pillars of Islam: hajj…
    Pilgrimage to Mecca if able
  46. What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
    Confession of faith, prayer, fasting, zakat, and hajj
  47. Who were a group of Germanic tribes in the early Christian era who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire?
    Franks
  48. Who was the leader of all the Mongol tribes and responsible for conquest of northern kingdoms of China and territories as far west as the Abbasid regions?
    Genghis Khan
  49. What was one of the four subdivisions of the Mongol Empire after Genghis Khan’s death whose territory covered much of present-day south-central Russia?
    Golden Horde
  50. What was a large church constructed in Constantinople during the reign of Justinian?
    Hagia Sophia
  51. What was the organization of cities in North Germany and Scandinavia that established a commercial alliance?
    Hanseatic League
  52. What are beliefs that reject the orthodox tenets of a religion?
    Heresies
  53. What are opinions or doctrines at variance with the established or orthodox position?
    Heresies
  54. What was a continuation of the Roman Empire in central-western Europe?
    Holy Roman Empire
  55. What were nomadic Mongol tribes?
    Hordes
  56. What was a conflict between England and France over lands England possessed in France?
    The Hundred Years War
  57. What issue emerged from the Hundred Years War?
    Feudal rights vs. Emerging claims of national states
  58. Who were a group of clans centered at Cuzco that were able to create an empire incorporating various Andean cultures?
    Incans
  59. What is a term for the leader of an empire?
    Incan
  60. What is an investigation?
    Inquisition
  61. What was a tribunal formerly held in the Roman Catholic Church and directed at the suppression of heresy?
    Inquisition
  62. What is a major world religion originating in 610 C.E. in the Arabian peninsula based on the prophecy of Muhammad?
    Islam
  63. What is the literal translation of Islam?
    Submission
  64. What was a compilation of Roman law?
    Justinian Code
  65. Who was a French military leader of the fifteenth century who took up arms to establish the rightful king on the French throne at age 17?
    Joan of Arc
  66. How did Joan of Arc die?
    Burned at stake for heresy
  67. How did Joan of Arc commit heresy?
    Claimed to hear God’s voice in her head
  68. Joan of Arc is now a saint of what church?
    Roman Catholic Church
  69. Who was a eastern Roman emperor who tried to restore the unity of the old Roman Empire and compiled Roman law?
    Justinian
  70. Which early Frankish king converted the Franks to Christianity and allowed the establishment of Frankish Kingdom?
    King Clovis
  71. Who was a Venetian trader that went and learned about China under Kublai Khan?
    Marco Polo
  72. Who was an African King who made pilgrimage to Mecca and gave away so much gold that the price of gold dropped rapidly?
    Mansa Musa
  73. What was the district over which a lord had domain and could exercise certain rights and privileges in medieval western Europe?
    Manors
  74. What country of western Africa was a huge territorial empire during the Middle Ages and was the center of Islamic study as well as a trade route for gold?
    Mali
  75. What was the center of the Mali Empire?
    Timbuktu
  76. What people occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica, particularly the Yucatan Peninsula?
    Mayans
  77. What was an ancient Incan fortress city in the Andes located northwest of Cuzco, Peru?
    Machu Picchu
  78. What commander of Mongol forces was responsible for the conquest of China?
    Kublai Khan
  79. Who was the grandson of Chinggis Khan?
    Kublai Khan
  80. Which African state developed along the upper reaches of the Nile and eventually conquered Egypt?
    Kush
  81. What document confirmed feudal rights against monarchial claims, representing the principle of mutual limits and obligations between rulers and feudal aristocracy?
    Magna Carta
  82. Which king was the Magna Carta issued against?
    King John
  83. In what year was the Magna Carta issued?
    1215
  84. What city is the religious center of Islam? Muslims pray towards this city that was originally controlled by the Umayyads.
    Mecca
  85. What city was a great trading center where Muhammad fled to?
    Medina
  86. What region extends from central Mexico to the northwestern border of Costa Rica?
    Mesoamerica
  87. What region gave rise to a group of stratified, culturally related agrarian civilizations spanning an approximately 3,000 year period before the European discovery of the New World?
    Mesoamerica
  88. What was the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three “ages?”
    Middle Ages
  89. In the traditional schematic division of European history into three ages, what was the first Age?
    The Classical Civilization of Antiquity
  90. In the traditional schematic division of European history into three ages, what was the Age?
    Modern Times
  91. What dynasty was succeed by the Yuan, and was characterized by great trade expeditions?
    Ming
  92. Who was the prophet of Islam, born in Mecca into the Quraysh tribe in 570?
    Muhammad
  93. Who were the central Asian nomadic people that pillaged Asia and Europe into a massive empire?
    Mongols
  94. Who are people that believe and follow the Islamic religion?
    Muslims
  95. What is a generalized reference to the Eastern traditions of Christianity, as opposed to the Western traditions which descend from the Roman Catholic Church?
    Orthodox Christianity
  96. What is a system of knotted strings utilized by the Incas in place of a writing system? It was used to record information for censuses and finances.
    Quipu
  97. What is the holy book of Islam?
    Qur’an
  98. What is the literal translation of the Qur’an?
    Recitation
  99. What was the dominant medieval philosophical approach based on the use of logic to resolve theological problems?
    Scholasticism
  100. Who were peasant agricultural laborers within the manorial system of the Middle Ages?
    Serfs
  101. Who were military leaders of the bakufu?
    Shogun
  102. What was another name for the bakufu?
    Shogunate
  103. What was a military government in the 12th century Japan that was established by the Minamoto after the Gempei Wars?
    Shogunate
  104. In the shogunate system, although there was an emperor, who held the real power?
    The military government and samurai
  105. Who were the mystics within Islam, responsible for the expansion of the Islamic empire into southeastern Asia?
    Sufis
  106. What are the two sects of Islam?
    Sunni and Shia
  107. Who is the man that rules a family, clan, or tribe?
    Patriarch
  108. What state church of Greece is an autonomous part of the Eastern Orthodox Church?
    Greek Orthodox Church
  109. What Christian Church is characterized by an episcopal hierarchy with the pope as its head and belief in seven sacraments and the authority of tradition?
    Roman Catholic Church
  110. What Arab traveler commented on African traveling security, cities, etc?
    Ibn Battuta
  111. What African prince from Mali gave out so much gold during a pilgrimage that it lost its value?
    Mansa Musa
  112. Who was the Japanese lord who wielded the most power while the emperor was controlled?
    Shogun
  113. During what dynasty did the Mongols rule China?
    Yuan Dynasaty
  114. What was a Chinese ship equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders? They played major roles in the Asian seas east of the Malayan Peninsula.
    Junk
  115. Invented in China, in what machine were individual characters made of fired clay assembled and glued onto a plate to create a printing block?
    Movable type
  116. During what era in China were landscape painting popular?
    Tang-Song Era
  117. What were plots of land similar to small kingdoms that were owned by a lord in the feudal system?
    Fiefs
  118. In what type of system, such a feudalism in Europe, do both parties benefit?
    Reciprocal Relationship
  119. Who were Japanese feudal military leaders, the rough equivalent of Western knights?
    Samurai
  120. Who was known for being the younger brother of King Richard and a terrible King of England?
    King John
  121. When nobles were fed up with King John, they made him sign this document that limited his power.
    Magna Carta
  122. What is the literal translation of Magna Carta?
    Great Translation
  123. What type of governing legislative body began in England with a House of Lord and House of Commons?
    Parliment
  124. What port city of Mali was located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River?
    Timbuktu

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