World Studies First Semester Exam- SAT Vocabulary

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World Studies First Semester Exam- SAT Vocabulary
2010-01-14 21:18:55

SAT Vocabulary for first semester exam
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  1. Acrid
    sharp, pungent, (used of smells and tastes)
  2. boorish
  3. cynical
    beliveing that people only act out of selfish motives
  4. cynical
    believing that people only act out of selfish motives
  5. epistle
    a letter (form of communication)
  6. heresy
    aganist orthodox opinion
  7. lance
    spear, spike, javelin
  8. obscure
    difficult to understand, partially hidden
  9. poignant
    deeply movement, strongly affecting the emotions
  10. respite
    break, intermission
  11. terse
    conscise, to the point
  12. infinitives
    begin sentence with an infinitive as the subject

    • examples:
    • 1) To turn away from the acrid smell of smoke was Andrew's goal at the bonfire.
    • 2) To relax at home, away from the arrogant and boorish parygoers was Max's only wish.
  13. abhor
  14. bigot
    narrow-minded, predjudiced person
  15. counterfeit
    fake, false
  16. enfranchise
    give voting rights, to set free, liberate, as from slavery
  17. hamper
    hinder, obstruct
  18. kindle
    to start (a fire) to inflame
  19. noxious
    harmful, poisonous, lethal
  20. placid
    calm, peaceful
  21. remuneration
    payment for work don
  22. tailsman
    lucky charm
  23. abrasive
    rough, coarse, harsh
  24. bilk
    cheat, defraud
  25. covert
    hidden, undercover
  26. engender
  27. hangar
    storage area (like a garage) for a plane
  28. present participles
    • participles describe nouns and pronouns present participles always end in ing and past participles usually end in ed.
    • examples:
    • Sitting up in bed eating breakfast, we could see the lake and the mountains across the lake on the French side. (present participle phrase)
    • Enchanted and enthralled at the stolen gems, the criminal laughed at how he biked the jewerly store owner (past participal phrase)
  29. acrophobia
    fear of heights
  30. bourgeois
    middle class, marked by concern for material interests and responsibility and a tendency toward mediocrity
  31. debility
    weakness, incapacity
  32. epistolary
    contained in or carried on by letters
  33. hiatus
    interruption, pause
  34. languid
    drooping or flagging from or as if from exhaustion
  35. poised
    calm, collected, self- possessed
  36. resplendent
    characterized by a glowing splendor, shining
  37. theraputic
    medicinal, curative
  38. acuity
    sharpness, mental or visual
  39. braggart
    someone who boasts or brags
  40. debunking
    exposing false claims or myths
  41. epitomized
    typified, characterized, personified
  42. hidebound
    rigid in opinions
  43. languish
    to be or become feeble, weak, dispirited, suffer neglect
  44. obsequious
    servile, submissive
  45. polemical
    causing debate or argument
  46. restorative
    a tonic
  47. thwart
    prevent, frusturate
  48. adament
    forcefull, inflexible
  49. brawny
  50. decathlon
    an athletic competition with ten events
  51. equivocate
    speak ambiguously, avoid telling the truth
  52. hieroglyphics
    picture writing, writing which is difficult to read or enigmatic
  53. larceny
    theft robbery stealing
  54. obsession
    a dominating concern
  55. ponderous
    weighty, slow and heavy
  56. retention
    preservation, with holding
  57. timorous
    cowardly fearful
  58. adroit
  59. brevity
    being breif
  60. decorum
    dignified, correct behavior
  61. err
    make a mistake
  62. hinder
  63. largess
  64. pontificate
    speak pompously or dogmatically
  65. reticent
    restrained, holding something back, uncommunicative
  66. tirade
    a stream of verbal abuse
  67. adulation
    strong admiration worship
  68. bristle
    to show irritation
  69. decoy
    lure, trap, trick
  70. erratic
    wandering, irregular
  71. histrionic
    theatrical, exaggerated
  72. laud
  73. obstreperous
    noisy and boisterous
  74. portend
  75. retraction
    withdrawl, cancellation of a statement
  76. titter
    giggle quitetly
  77. adversity
  78. broach
    start to discuss, approach
  79. deference
  80. esoteric
    obscure and difficult to understand
  81. hoary
  82. lavish
    on a grand scale, wasteful
  83. obtuse
    mentally dull