Causes of the Civil War

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  1. Results of the Mexican-American War
    • 1. Brought California and southwest into the Union.
    • 2. Balance of free and slave states.
  2. 1848 Presidential Election
    • 1. General Zachary Taylor wins the election
    • 2. Slavery is a key issue
  3. Compromise of 1850 prevents Civil War
    *1. Fugitive Slave Law is strengthened. It forces everyone to assist the capture of slaves.
  4. Uncle Tom's Cabin
    • *1. Novel for Anti-Slavery persuation.
    • 2. South gets defensive of the instituion.
    • 3. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote this.
  5. 1852 Presidential Election
    • 1. General Franklin Pierce, northern Democrat, wins the election espousing southern interests.
    • 2. Slavery has split the Whig party leading to its demise.
  6. Pierce Administration
    • 1. Gadsden Purchase secures route for a transcontinental railway.
    • 2. US opens trade with Japan
    • 3. President Pierce and southern Democrats favor annexation(attachment) of Cuba
  7. *Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
    • *1. Popular sovereignty to determine if free or slave state - Created anti-slavery majority
    • 2. Destroys Whig party
    • 3. Proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas
    • 4. Repeal(Recall) Missouri Compromise
    • 5. Leads to "Bleeding Kansas" and split the Democratic Party.
  8. Republican Party is formed in 1854
    *1. Anti-Slavery, but only stops from spreading.
  9. Sumner-Brooks Encounter, May 22, 1856
    1. Preston Brooks attacks Senator Charles Sumner
  10. 1865 Presidential Election
    1. James Buchanan, a northern democrat, defeats Republican John C. Fremont of California.
  11. Lecompton Constitution
    *1. Pro-slavery by not being stated in constitution.
  12. Dred Scott Decision, 1857
    *1. Pro slavery ANYWHERE
  13. Panic of 1857
    • 1. California Gold leads to inflation
    • 2. Led to false sense of economic security
  14. 1860 Presidential Election
    In response, SEVEN states leave from the Union.
  15. New Constitution still ____________ ______________
    permitted slavery
  16. Compromise of 1820
    • 1. Balanced slave states with free states
    • 2. Below the 36'30 line were slave states
  17. Zachary Taylor is a _________ _________
    Southern Whig
  18. Fugative Slave Law favors ___________
    South
  19. Northern Whigs are _______ _________ Whigs, but believe in ___________ ___________ ___________
    Anti slavery; Strong Central Government
  20. Douglad is pro _____________ _____________
    Popular Sovereignty
  21. * Republican Party
    Expanded federal power
  22. Robert E. Lee
    Doesn't choose to command US Forces
  23. What are the border states?
    Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Missouri

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Author:
gerardcb
ID:
42327
Filename:
Causes of the Civil War
Updated:
2010-10-15 05:14:17
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Civil War
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Description:
US History 10/14/2010
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