MOD B Unit 2 Vocab

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KaalaB
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4234
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MOD B Unit 2 Vocab
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2010-01-14 21:55:21
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microbiology
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Microbiology
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  1. Microbiology
    study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, and viruses
  2. Microorganisms
    an organism of microscopic. [cannot see with the naked eye]
  3. nonpathogenic
    not capable of inducing/ causing disease
  4. infection
    the state produced by the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host
  5. Bacteria
    • Most numerous of all microorganisms
    • unicellular
    • many are pathogenic to humans
    • identified by shape and appearance
  6. Cocci
    a spherical (round) bacterium
  7. Diplococci
    form pairs of cells
  8. Streptococci
    form chains of cells
  9. Staphylococci
    Form grape-like clusters of pus producing organisms
  10. Bacilli

    rod shaped bacteria

  11. Spirilla
    spiral shaped bacteria
  12. Virus
    smallest living organism
  13. Protozoa

    largest of one-celled microorganism

  14. Fungi
    plant- like
  15. Ringworm
    any of several contagious diseases of the skin, hair, or nails of humans and domestic animals caused by fungi. characterized by ring-shaped discolored patches on the skin that are covered with vesicles and scales -- called also tinea
  16. Parasites
    an organism living in, with, or on another organism
  17. Rickettsiae-
    live as parasites
  18. Epidemiology
    a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population
  19. Electrocautery

    1. surgical technique which involves introducing high frequency current to a specific area of the body in order to remove unwanted tissue, seal off blood vessels, or to create a surgical incision

  20. Carbolic Acid
    used to disinfect and sterilize. Dangerous product which is regulated by OSHA- must have clearly marked labels
  21. Communicable Disease
    an infectious disease transmissible (as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual's discharges or by indirect means (as by a vector)
  22. Communicable disease
    an infectious disease transmissible (as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual's discharges or by indirect means (as by a vector)
  23. Incubation Time

    1. time elapsed between exposure to a pathogenic organism, a chemical or radiation, and when symptoms and signs are first apparent.

  24. reservoir host
    source of disease
  25. Susceptible Host

    1. person that cannot fight off the pathogen

  26. Cilia
    a minute short hairlike process often forming part of a fringe; especially : one of a cell that is capable of lashing movement and serves especially in free unicellular organisms to produce locomotion or in higher forms a current of fluid
  27. AUTOCLAVE
    an apparatus (as for sterilizing) using superheated steam under pressure
  28. ANAROBE

    1. microorganism not requiring oxygen to live

  29. ASEPSIS
    germ free
  30. AEROBE

    1. Microorganism requiring oxygen to live

  31. SANITIZATION

    1. cleans items, but microorganisms and bacteria are not destroyed

  32. INFLAMMATION

    1. a local response to cellular injury that is marked by, redness, heat, pain, swelling, and often loss of function and that serves as a mechanism initiating the elimination of noxious agents and of damaged tissue

  33. DISINFECTANT
    involves a soaking and wiping process. Destroys or inhibits the activity of disease-causing organisms.
  34. ANTISEPTIC

    1. preventing or arresting the growth of microorganisms (as on living tissue) b : acting or protecting like an antiseptic

  35. OSHA

    1. [Occupational Safety and Health Administration] main federal agency charged with the enforcement of safety and health legislation.

  36. STERILIZATION

    1. kills all microorganisms both pathogenic and nonpathogenic

  37. IMMUNITY

    1. Resistance to disease

  38. I & D
    incision and drainage
  39. OPPORTUNISTIC
    Infections, such as pneumonia, that occur in a body with a reduced immune system (for example, as seen in AIDS)
  40. INCUBATION
    Period of time during which a disease develops after the person is exposed
  41. BACTERICIDAL

    1. ability to destroy disease-causing bacteria

  42. PATHOGEN
    disease producing microorganism
  43. BIOPSY
    the removal of tissue for purposes of determining the presence of cancerous (malignant) cells.
  44. INCISION
    surgical cut into tissue
  45. EXCISION
    surgical removal or resection (as of a diseased part)
  46. INVASIVE
    enters the skin.
  47. CRYOSURGERY
    - use of freezing temperatures from a probe to destroy abnormal cells
  48. SYMPTOMS

    1. - subjective evidence of disease or physical disturbance observed by the patient <headache is a symptom of many diseases

  49. ERYTHROCYTES

    1. - red blood cells

  50. NEUTROPHILS

    1. a granulocyte that is the chief phagocytic white blood cell

  51. LACERATION
    a torn and ragged wound
  52. ABRASION

    1. the rubbing or scraping of the surface layer of cells or tissue from an area of the skin or mucous membrane

  53. PROBE

    1. a surgical instrument that consists typically of a light slender fairly flexible pointed metal instrument like a small rod that is used typically for locating a foreign body

  54. FORCEPS
    an instrument for grasping, holding firmly, or exerting traction upon objects especially for delicate operations (as by surgeons, obstetricians, or dentists)
  55. SCRUB ASSISTANT

    1. a sterile assistant who passes instruments, swabs (sponges) bodily fluids from the operative site, retracts incisions, and cuts sutures.

  56. SURGICAL ASSISTANT

    1. will apply sterile gloves and hand instruments to the surgeon

  57. HEP B
    HBV) transmitted though body fluids including blood, semen, saliva, and breast milk which are contaminated by the virus. Symptoms include:Fever, chills, Diarrhea w/ clay-colored stools, N&V, Orange-brown urine, H/A, anorexia, Enlarged liver, Jaundice.
  58. NOSOCOMIAL

    1. Infection that is acquired after a person has entered the hospital. It is caused by the spread of an infection from one person to another.

  59. LYMPHOCYTE
    any of the colorless weakly motile cells that originate from stem cells and differentiate in lymphoid tissue (as of the thymus or bone marrow),
  60. PLATLETS

    1. irregularly-shaped, colorless bodies that are present in blood

  61. ABSCESS
    a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  62. SUTURE

    1. a stitch made with a suture b : a strand or fiber used to sew parts of the living body c : the act or process of sewing with sutures

  63. D & C
    Diltion and Curettage
  64. HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
    effective disinfectant only for use on non-human surfaces and products. May damage rubber, plastic, and metals

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