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What was the colonists relationship with the British like in the 1750's?
- Very good
- Most colonists saw themselves as part of the British Empire
- Saw benefits outweighing the costs
What was the Colonists relationship with the British like by the 1780's?
- Colonists were disillusioned
- Not everyone, but enough for a revolution
How would one describe the effect of the Glorious Revolution (1688) on the degree of control held by the British Empire on the American Colonies?
If anything, control on the Colonies eased
What happens to political decision-making processes in England during the reigns of King George I and II?
- Prime Minister and Cabinet became the true executives
- No real immediate effect, but will be important later
- There was a drastic rise in the amount of corruption with Royal Governors and Customs Officials
What is Salutary Neglect?
Neglect in which both sides benefit (The Colonies and England)
Who led the first attempt at Unification?
Ben Franklin, at the request of England
What was the purose behind the idea of the Albany Plan?
To unify the Colonists against Indian Attacks
How many people showed up at the meeting called by Ben Franklin in New York and Why?
Because the colonies were so divided... only 5 showed up
What was agreed on at the meeting held by Ben Franklin?
The forming of the alliance with the Iroquois
Who said... "even though people want a union, they don't want to set one up..." ?
The war between the British Colonist's and "New France" in the Americas (1754-1759) is known as...
The French and Indian War
The war in Europe between 1756 and 1763 between France and England was known as the...
Seven Years War
The balance of power in the Americas during the French and Indian War lied between
The British, French, and the Iroquois
During the French and Indian War, George Wahington...
was a British General and was charged for starting the war
The first and only time Washington had to surrender was at...
William Pitt decides...
to make the war in America his top priority and put a lot of money into the troops there
The last major battle in North America in the Seven Years War was...
when Quebec falls to the British in 1759
New British Leaders in 1760
- King George III
- Prime Minister George Grenville
Burdens on the British Empire after the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War...
George Grenville's Prclamation of 1763 stated that...
Colonists could settle past the line
The Proclamation of 1763 told the Colonists that...
the British couldn't control them and they didn't have their best interests in mind
Three other Acts put in place by Grenville were...
- The Sugar Act 1764
- The Currency Act 1764
- The Mutiny (Quartering) Act 1765
The Colonists reaction to Grenville's Acts was...
- At first they were able to work arounf the Acts
- More effective in cities but most people lived in rural areas
- Colonists were more mad at colonial governments than they were at England
- Paxton Boy’s Revolt in Pennsylvania
- Regulator Movement in North Carolina
By agreeing to the Treaty of Paris (1763), the French did all of the following except:
A. Ceding New Orleans to the Spanish.
B. Transferring Canada to Great Britain.
C. Gaining territory in India.
D. Giving up all claims in North America
Gaining territory in India
In his policy toward the American colonies, Prime Minister George Grenville, maintain that the colonists should be:
compelled to pay part of the cost of administering and defending the empire
In the mid 1770's, the relationship between the British Empire and the American colonies was characterized by:
most Americans becoming disillusioned with the British Empire.
The French and Indian War had all of the following effects on the post war world except:
the war convinced British authorities that they needed to give the colonists more control over their own affairs
During the 1700's, the most power group of Native Americans in North America was the:
In the immediate years after the Glorious Revolution in 1688, the British government
eased its control over the American colonies
One of the developments that led to the French and Indian war was:
continued expansion of French and English settlements
William Pitt transformed the war effort in America by doing all of the following except
leading British troops in battle
In the 1750's, the relationship between the British Empire and the American colonies was characterized by:
most Americans believing that the benefits of the empire far outweigh the cost.
The Proclamation of 1763 was supported by:
How is the Stamp Act different than previous Grenville Taxes?
- Blatantly designed to raise revenue to pay British debt and not help the colonies
- Affected All Colonists
Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766 because
Boyvotting of British goods was hurting the British Merchants
What did colonists overlook when the Stamp Act was repealed and why?
The passing of the Declaratory Act because they were celebrating the repeal of the Stamp Act
Grenville was ousted and replaced by who?
The Marquis of Rockingham
What did the Townshend Acts do?
- placed an external tax on manufactured goods imported from England
- Disbanded the New York Assembly
- Enforced the Mutiny Act
- Ended Smuggling in Boston
What did Lord North do regarding the Townshend Acts
Repealed all but the one on Tea
What was the Boston Massacre?
An event in which American Colonists protested against the British, the protest led to an outbreak in which the British Troops began to fire into the crowd killing citizens, including Crispus Attuks (an exslave) It was exaggerated by the Patriots and Paul Reveres painting. The leader was Sam Adams and the Massacre becomes the symbol of oprression in the colonies
The calm before the storm is in between which two events?
Boston Massacre (1770) and the Boston Tea Party (1773)
What is the Boston Tea Party?
The dumping of British Tea into the Boston Harbor by a group of Patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians
How were the Bostonians punished for the Boston Tea Party?
Parliament put into place the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
What did the Coercive Acts do?
- Closed the port of Boston
- Made Martial Law of Boston and put General Gage in charge
What was the colonial reaction to the Coercive Acts?
- Outrage at England
- Sympathy for Boston
- The idea that the same thing could be done to them
- Call for the First Continental Congress
Where did the First Continental Congress meet?
Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia
What colonies attended the First Continental Congress
All except for Georgia
What 5 things were decided upon at the First Continental Congress?
- Decided that the only way to get English Rights was to break away from Great Britain
- Rejected a plan for colonial union under British rule
- Agreed on a set of Grievances to England that most delegates could agree on
- Agreed to support the Suffolk Resolves
- Agreed on a nonimportation
The most important thing that was agreed on at the First Continental Congress was...
to meet again the next Spring
What were the first two battles of the Revolutionary War?
Lexington and Concord in 1775
What is the Olive Branch Petition?
The last attempts of the colonists to avert war with England
Was the Olive Branch Petition accepted by the King?
No it was rejected
Why were we fighting in the Revolutionary War at first?
At first we were just fighting to redress grievances
After a while, what were our reasons for fighting the Revolutionary War?
For indepence from England and King George III
Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet encouraging the idea of Indepence called...
What are the Articles of Confederation?
The first attempt at self government written by the Second Continental Congress
During the war, who ran the country?
The Second Continental Congress
What were the problems we faced while mobilizing for war? (5 problems)
- Raising and Organizing Armies
- Providing them with supplies
- paying for it
- lack of guns
- patriotism faded quickly
What were some American Advantages as the War began? (5)
- Fighting on Home Soil
- Deeply committed to the War
- Aid from abroad (mostly France)
- Great Distance from England (Atlantic Ocean)
- British Military Blunders
What was the first phase of the Revolutionary War?
New England (1775-1776) including the failed attempt to take Canada
What was the second phase of the Revolutionary War?
Mid-Atlantic (1776-1778) includes the turning point battle (Saratoga... convinces the French to sign an alliance with America) and the winter at Valley Forge
What was the third and final stage of the Revolutionary War?
South (1778-1781) Nathaniel Greene and the "Green Mountain Boys" British General Cornwallis trapped and surrenders at Yorktown