Unit 2

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Unit 2
2010-10-19 22:28:28
AP US History

Revolutionary War and Events leading up to it
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  1. What was the colonists relationship with the British like in the 1750's?
    • Very good
    • Most colonists saw themselves as part of the British Empire
    • Saw benefits outweighing the costs
  2. What was the Colonists relationship with the British like by the 1780's?
    • Colonists were disillusioned
    • Not everyone, but enough for a revolution
  3. How would one describe the effect of the Glorious Revolution (1688) on the degree of control held by the British Empire on the American Colonies?
    If anything, control on the Colonies eased
  4. What happens to political decision-making processes in England during the reigns of King George I and II?
    • Prime Minister and Cabinet became the true executives
    • No real immediate effect, but will be important later
    • There was a drastic rise in the amount of corruption with Royal Governors and Customs Officials
  5. What is Salutary Neglect?
    Neglect in which both sides benefit (The Colonies and England)
  6. Who led the first attempt at Unification?
    Ben Franklin, at the request of England
  7. What was the purose behind the idea of the Albany Plan?
    To unify the Colonists against Indian Attacks
  8. How many people showed up at the meeting called by Ben Franklin in New York and Why?
    Because the colonies were so divided... only 5 showed up
  9. What was agreed on at the meeting held by Ben Franklin?
    The forming of the alliance with the Iroquois
  10. Who said... "even though people want a union, they don't want to set one up..." ?
    Ben Franklin
  11. The war between the British Colonist's and "New France" in the Americas (1754-1759) is known as...
    The French and Indian War
  12. The war in Europe between 1756 and 1763 between France and England was known as the...
    Seven Years War
  13. The balance of power in the Americas during the French and Indian War lied between
    The British, French, and the Iroquois
  14. During the French and Indian War, George Wahington...
    was a British General and was charged for starting the war
  15. The first and only time Washington had to surrender was at...
    Fort Necessity
  16. William Pitt decides...
    to make the war in America his top priority and put a lot of money into the troops there
  17. The last major battle in North America in the Seven Years War was...
    when Quebec falls to the British in 1759
  18. New British Leaders in 1760
    • King George III
    • Prime Minister George Grenville
  19. Burdens on the British Empire after the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War...
    War Debt's
  20. George Grenville's Prclamation of 1763 stated that...
    Colonists could settle past the line
  21. The Proclamation of 1763 told the Colonists that...
    the British couldn't control them and they didn't have their best interests in mind
  22. Three other Acts put in place by Grenville were...
    • The Sugar Act 1764
    • The Currency Act 1764
    • The Mutiny (Quartering) Act 1765
  23. The Colonists reaction to Grenville's Acts was...
    • At first they were able to work arounf the Acts
    • More effective in cities but most people lived in rural areas
    • Colonists were more mad at colonial governments than they were at England
    • Paxton Boy’s Revolt in Pennsylvania
    • Regulator Movement in North Carolina
  24. By agreeing to the Treaty of Paris (1763), the French did all of the following except:
    A. Ceding New Orleans to the Spanish.
    B. Transferring Canada to Great Britain.
    C. Gaining territory in India.
    D. Giving up all claims in North America
    Gaining territory in India
  25. In his policy toward the American colonies, Prime Minister George Grenville, maintain that the colonists should be:
    compelled to pay part of the cost of administering and defending the empire
  26. In the mid 1770's, the relationship between the British Empire and the American colonies was characterized by:
    most Americans becoming disillusioned with the British Empire.
  27. The French and Indian War had all of the following effects on the post war world except:
    the war convinced British authorities that they needed to give the colonists more control over their own affairs
  28. During the 1700's, the most power group of Native Americans in North America was the:
  29. In the immediate years after the Glorious Revolution in 1688, the British government
    eased its control over the American colonies
  30. One of the developments that led to the French and Indian war was:
    continued expansion of French and English settlements
  31. William Pitt transformed the war effort in America by doing all of the following except
    leading British troops in battle
  32. In the 1750's, the relationship between the British Empire and the American colonies was characterized by:
    most Americans believing that the benefits of the empire far outweigh the cost.
  33. The Proclamation of 1763 was supported by:
  34. How is the Stamp Act different than previous Grenville Taxes?
    • Blatantly designed to raise revenue to pay British debt and not help the colonies
    • Affected All Colonists
  35. Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in 1766 because
    Boyvotting of British goods was hurting the British Merchants
  36. What did colonists overlook when the Stamp Act was repealed and why?
    The passing of the Declaratory Act because they were celebrating the repeal of the Stamp Act
  37. Grenville was ousted and replaced by who?
    The Marquis of Rockingham
  38. What did the Townshend Acts do?
    • placed an external tax on manufactured goods imported from England
    • Disbanded the New York Assembly
    • Enforced the Mutiny Act
    • Ended Smuggling in Boston
  39. What did Lord North do regarding the Townshend Acts
    Repealed all but the one on Tea
  40. What was the Boston Massacre?
    An event in which American Colonists protested against the British, the protest led to an outbreak in which the British Troops began to fire into the crowd killing citizens, including Crispus Attuks (an exslave) It was exaggerated by the Patriots and Paul Reveres painting. The leader was Sam Adams and the Massacre becomes the symbol of oprression in the colonies
  41. The calm before the storm is in between which two events?
    Boston Massacre (1770) and the Boston Tea Party (1773)
  42. What is the Boston Tea Party?
    The dumping of British Tea into the Boston Harbor by a group of Patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians
  43. How were the Bostonians punished for the Boston Tea Party?
    Parliament put into place the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
  44. What did the Coercive Acts do?
    • Closed the port of Boston
    • Made Martial Law of Boston and put General Gage in charge
  45. What was the colonial reaction to the Coercive Acts?
    • Outrage at England
    • Sympathy for Boston
    • The idea that the same thing could be done to them
    • Call for the First Continental Congress
  46. Where did the First Continental Congress meet?
    Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia
  47. What colonies attended the First Continental Congress
    All except for Georgia
  48. What 5 things were decided upon at the First Continental Congress?
    • Decided that the only way to get English Rights was to break away from Great Britain
    • Rejected a plan for colonial union under British rule
    • Agreed on a set of Grievances to England that most delegates could agree on
    • Agreed to support the Suffolk Resolves
    • Agreed on a nonimportation
  49. The most important thing that was agreed on at the First Continental Congress was...
    to meet again the next Spring
  50. What were the first two battles of the Revolutionary War?
    Lexington and Concord in 1775
  51. What is the Olive Branch Petition?
    The last attempts of the colonists to avert war with England
  52. Was the Olive Branch Petition accepted by the King?
    No it was rejected
  53. Why were we fighting in the Revolutionary War at first?
    At first we were just fighting to redress grievances
  54. After a while, what were our reasons for fighting the Revolutionary War?
    For indepence from England and King George III
  55. Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet encouraging the idea of Indepence called...
    "Common Sense"
  56. What are the Articles of Confederation?
    The first attempt at self government written by the Second Continental Congress
  57. During the war, who ran the country?
    The Second Continental Congress
  58. What were the problems we faced while mobilizing for war? (5 problems)
    • Raising and Organizing Armies
    • Providing them with supplies
    • paying for it
    • lack of guns
    • patriotism faded quickly
  59. What were some American Advantages as the War began? (5)
    • Fighting on Home Soil
    • Deeply committed to the War
    • Aid from abroad (mostly France)
    • Great Distance from England (Atlantic Ocean)
    • British Military Blunders
  60. What was the first phase of the Revolutionary War?
    New England (1775-1776) including the failed attempt to take Canada
  61. What was the second phase of the Revolutionary War?
    Mid-Atlantic (1776-1778) includes the turning point battle (Saratoga... convinces the French to sign an alliance with America) and the winter at Valley Forge
  62. What was the third and final stage of the Revolutionary War?
    South (1778-1781) Nathaniel Greene and the "Green Mountain Boys" British General Cornwallis trapped and surrenders at Yorktown