Skeletal Pathology

Card Set Information

Author:
Bilon
ID:
42444
Filename:
Skeletal Pathology
Updated:
2010-10-15 18:26:35
Tags:
Skeletal Pathology
Folders:

Description:
Skeletal Pathology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Bilon on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. The shaft of any long bone is termed the:
    diaphysis
  2. The end of a long bone is reffered to as the:
    epiphysis
  3. The special types of cells responsible for the diameter growth of bones are:
    osteoblasts and osteoclasts
  4. The common area of the body radiographed to determine bone age:
    hand and wrist
  5. What pathologic condition is present if the posterior elements of one or more vertebrae fail to unite?
    spina bifida
  6. Aging and postmenopausal horomonal changes are the major causes of generalized:
    osteoporosis
  7. An inherited generalized disorder of connective tissue characterized by multiple fractures and a bluish color of the sclera of the eye:
    osteogenesis
  8. A benign projection of bone with a cartilage-like cap occuring around the knee in children or adolescents:
    osteochondroma
  9. Example of malignant bone tumors:
    osteogenic, ewings sarcoma, chondrosarcoma
  10. Form of noninfectious arthritis characterized by osteoporosis, soft tissue swelling, and erosions of the metacarpophalangeal joints and ulnar styloid processes:
    rheumatoid
  11. Extremely common form of arthritis that is characterized by loss of joint cartilage and reactive new bone growth; part of normal wear of aging.
    osteoarthritis
  12. What type of fracture occurs in bone weakened by some preexisting condition, such as a metastatic lesion or multiple myeloma?
    Pathologic
  13. What is the name of the fracture that can occur from falling on the outstrethced hand and that involves the distal portion of the radius?
    Colles
  14. What name is applied to a fracture involving both malleoli?
    Potts
  15. What area of the spine does a clay shoveler's fracture involve?
    lower cervical and upper thoracic
  16. Diagnosis of an intervertebral disc herniation requires which radiographic procedure?
    CT, MRI, or Myelogram
  17. What medical term refers to a cleft in the pars interarticularis commonly involving the fifth lumbar vertebra?
    Spondylolysis
  18. consists of numerous blood-filled arteriovenous communications
    aneurysmal bone cyst
  19. indicates an angular deformity between the axes of major fracture fragments
    angulation
  20. immobility and consolidation of a joint caused by disease, injury, or surgery
    ankylosis
  21. flat bones grow in size by the addition of osseous tissue to their outer surfaces
    appositional growth
  22. small fragments torn from bony prominences
    avulsion fracture
  23. solitary, sharply demarcated areas of dense compact bone
    bone islands
  24. plastic deformation caused by a stress
    bowing fracture
  25. fracture of the neck of the 5th metatarsal with dorsal angulation
    boxers fracture
  26. avulsion fracture of a spinous process in the lower cervical or upper thoracic spine
    clay shoveler's fracture
  27. transverse fracture of the distal radial metaphysis proximal to the wrist with a dorsal displacement of the distal fragment
    colles' fracture
  28. contraction of trabeculae resulting in decreased bone length/width
    compression fracture
  29. separation of bone fragments
    displacement
  30. combination fracture of the shaft of the radius with a posterior dislocation of the ulna
    galeazzi fracture
  31. Osteoclastoma; frequently occurring of the end of a long bone as a mass surrounded by a thin shell of new periosteal bone
    giant cell tumor
  32. fracture of the arch of C2 anterior to the inferior facet; associated with anterior subluxation of C2 and C3
    hangman's fracture
  33. comminuted fracture of the ring of the atlas involving both the anterior and posterior arches
    jefferson fracture
  34. transverse fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal
    jones fracture
  35. protrusion of the meninges through the skin
    meningocele
  36. isolated fracture of the shaft of the ulna associated with anterior dislocation of the radius at the elbow
    monteggia fracture
  37. herniation of the spinal cord and meninges through the skin
    myelomeningocele
  38. malignant tumor composed of osteoblasts that produce osteoids and spicules of calcified bone
    osteogenic sarcoma
  39. tuberculosis of the spine
    pott's disease
  40. rheumatoid-like destructive process involving the peripheral joints in patients with psoriasis
    psoriatic arthritis
  41. true fluid-filled cyst with a wall of fibrous tissue
    simple bone cyst
  42. mild form in which there is a splitting of the bony neural canal but no clinical sypmtoms
    spina bifida occulta
  43. spondylolysis with displacement of vertebral alignment
    spondylolisthesis
  44. cleft in the pars interarticularis situated between the superior and inferior articular processes of the vertebrae without displacement
    spondylolysis
  45. incomplete or partial dislocation
    subluxation
  46. vertebrae with characteristics of another spinal region
    transitional vertebrae:
  47. chronic and indolent infection with a slow progressive course caused by tuberculosis
    tuberculosis arthritis
  48. the bone is without angulation or separation
    undisplaced fracture

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview