Card Set Information
The shaft of any long bone is termed the:
The end of a long bone is reffered to as the:
The special types of cells responsible for the diameter growth of bones are:
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
The common area of the body radiographed to determine bone age:
hand and wrist
What pathologic condition is present if the posterior elements of one or more vertebrae fail to unite?
Aging and postmenopausal horomonal changes are the major causes of generalized:
An inherited generalized disorder of connective tissue characterized by multiple fractures and a bluish color of the sclera of the eye:
A benign projection of bone with a cartilage-like cap occuring around the knee in children or adolescents:
Example of malignant bone tumors:
osteogenic, ewings sarcoma, chondrosarcoma
Form of noninfectious arthritis characterized by osteoporosis, soft tissue swelling, and erosions of the metacarpophalangeal joints and ulnar styloid processes:
Extremely common form of arthritis that is characterized by loss of joint cartilage and reactive new bone growth; part of normal wear of aging.
What type of fracture occurs in bone weakened by some preexisting condition, such as a metastatic lesion or multiple myeloma?
What is the name of the fracture that can occur from falling on the outstrethced hand and that involves the distal portion of the radius?
What name is applied to a fracture involving both malleoli?
What area of the spine does a clay shoveler's fracture involve?
lower cervical and upper thoracic
Diagnosis of an intervertebral disc herniation requires which radiographic procedure?
CT, MRI, or Myelogram
What medical term refers to a cleft in the pars interarticularis commonly involving the fifth lumbar vertebra?
consists of numerous blood-filled arteriovenous communications
aneurysmal bone cyst
indicates an angular deformity between the axes of major fracture fragments
immobility and consolidation of a joint caused by disease, injury, or surgery
flat bones grow in size by the addition of osseous tissue to their outer surfaces
small fragments torn from bony prominences
solitary, sharply demarcated areas of dense compact bone
plastic deformation caused by a stress
fracture of the neck of the 5th metatarsal with dorsal angulation
avulsion fracture of a spinous process in the lower cervical or upper thoracic spine
clay shoveler's fracture
transverse fracture of the distal radial metaphysis proximal to the wrist with a dorsal displacement of the distal fragment
contraction of trabeculae resulting in decreased bone length/width
separation of bone fragments
combination fracture of the shaft of the radius with a posterior dislocation of the ulna
Osteoclastoma; frequently occurring of the end of a long bone as a mass surrounded by a thin shell of new periosteal bone
giant cell tumor
fracture of the arch of C2 anterior to the inferior facet; associated with anterior subluxation of C2 and C3
comminuted fracture of the ring of the atlas involving both the anterior and posterior arches
transverse fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal
protrusion of the meninges through the skin
isolated fracture of the shaft of the ulna associated with anterior dislocation of the radius at the elbow
herniation of the spinal cord and meninges through the skin
malignant tumor composed of osteoblasts that produce osteoids and spicules of calcified bone
tuberculosis of the spine
rheumatoid-like destructive process involving the peripheral joints in patients with psoriasis
true fluid-filled cyst with a wall of fibrous tissue
simple bone cyst
mild form in which there is a splitting of the bony neural canal but no clinical sypmtoms
spina bifida occulta
spondylolysis with displacement of vertebral alignment
cleft in the pars interarticularis situated between the superior and inferior articular processes of the vertebrae without displacement
incomplete or partial dislocation
vertebrae with characteristics of another spinal region
chronic and indolent infection with a slow progressive course caused by tuberculosis
the bone is without angulation or separation