History Chapter 12

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Author:
craziibabe47
ID:
4247
Filename:
History Chapter 12
Updated:
2010-01-15 00:47:34
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History
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Chapter 12 History
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  1. 3 levels of government
    • federal
    • state
    • local
  2. do we have a strong or weak central government?
    strong
  3. what is federalism?
    federal gov't has most power
  4. what are reserved powers?
    powers given to the states
  5. list 7 reserved powers
    • marriage/divorce laws
    • education (money)
    • elections
    • public health
    • police force
    • infrastructure
    • local government
  6. McCulloch vs Maryland
    • 1819
    • a state taxing the US bank
    • state gov't vs national gov't
  7. Grants-in-aids
    awards of money a state gets for going along with a national government program
  8. common state constitutions
    • bill of rights
    • 3 branches (also bicameral)
    • taxing power
    • local governments
  9. all states are bicameral except:
    Nebraska (unicameral)
  10. how long are senator terms?
    4 years
  11. how long are representative terms?
    2 years
  12. senator qualifications
    • 18-30 years old
    • live in their district
  13. representative qualifications
    • 18+ years
    • live in their district
  14. MN house (#)
    134
  15. MN Senate (#)
    67
  16. head of the senate?
    • The Lt. Governor
    • Carol Mochau
  17. Baker vs Carr
    • 1962
    • Tenessee
    • Uneven districts
  18. Reynolds vs Sims
    • 1964
    • Alabama
    • 1 person=1 vote
    • must have equal population in districts
  19. State Chief Executive
    Governor
  20. Governor Requirements
    • 30+ years old
    • resident for 5 years in US
    • citizen
  21. how long is the term for the governor?
    • 4 years
    • elected directly
  22. Lower state courts
    • town
    • 3 tier system
    • Justice Court (misdemeanors)
    • no juries
  23. Magistrate Courts
    • suburbs
    • minor cases (civil -$1,000)
    • fine or short jail time
  24. Municipal Courts
    • City (Minneapolis)
    • divided up due to amount of cases
    • plaintiffs vs defendant
  25. Appelate Courts
    • no juries
    • panal of judges
  26. Judicial branch selected by...
    • popular vote (MN)
    • state legislature
    • governor appoints
    • missouri plan
    • TERM: 6-12 years
  27. What does the City Charter do?
    grants power
  28. Mayor-Council Form
    • mayor is the chief executive
    • strong vs weak (power)
  29. Council-Manager Form
    • elected council makes laws
    • council appoints a manager
  30. Commission Form
    • one person heads each major department
    • 5 people total
    • no 1 person is in charge

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