ACP Epinephrine

Card Set Information

Author:
spy187
ID:
42490
Filename:
ACP Epinephrine
Updated:
2010-10-23 18:33:03
Tags:
EMT Drugs ACP Alberta pre hospital care pharmacology Epinephrine
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Description:
Flash card for all the details about Epinephrine
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  1. Epinephrine
    Trade names:
    • Adrenalin
    • Epinephrine
  2. Epinephrine
    Class:
    Sympathominmetic
  3. Epinephrine
    Action:
    • Directly stimulates Alpha & Beta adrenegic receptors in sympathic NS
    • Bronchodialtion=> relaxes smooth muscle (Beta2)
    • inhibits histomine release
    • positive chronotropic & inotrophic (Beta1)
    • increase cardiac output + myocardial 02 consumption
  4. Epinephrine
    Indications:
    Anaphylaxis
  5. Epinephrine
    Contraindications:
    None in emergent anaphylaxis
  6. Epinephrine
    Adverse Effects:
    • Palpitations
    • anxiousness
    • headache
    • tremors
  7. Epinephrine
    Onset:
    Onset: 5-10 min IM
  8. Epinephrine
    Duration
    Duration: 5-10 min IM
  9. Epinephrine
    Adult Dosage:
    0.3mg (1:1000) IM Repeat q 5-10 minutes prn
  10. Epinephrine
    Ped Dosage:
    0.01 mg/kg IM/SQ (do not exceed 0.3 mg)
  11. Epinephrine
    Route
    Route: IM - Massaging the site after an IM injection may hasten absorption
  12. Epinephrine
    Interactions/Precautions:
    • hypotension in circulatory callapse
    • hypotension by pheothiazines antagonized by Alpha and Beta receptors
    • additive toxicities with other sympathominmetics
    • pH dependent - deactivated when given with high alkaline solutions

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