ACP Dimenhydrinate

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Author:
spy187
ID:
42498
Filename:
ACP Dimenhydrinate
Updated:
2010-10-23 18:44:01
Tags:
EMT Drugs ACP Alberta pre hospital care pharmacology Dimenhydrinate
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Description:
Flash card for all the details about Dimenhydrinate
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  1. Dimenhydrinate
    Trade name:
    Gravol, Dramamine
  2. Dimenhydrinate
    Class:
    • antiemetic,
    • antihistamine
    • anticholinergic
    • antivertigo
  3. Dimenhydrinate
    Action:
    Antiemetic/antivertigo: inhibits nausea and vomiting by centrally depressing sensitivity to the labyrinth apparatus that relays stimuli to the chemoreceptor trigger zone and stimulates the vomiting center of the brain
  4. Dimenhydrinate
    Indications:
    Nausea, vomiting
  5. Dimenhydrinate
    Contraindications:
    • Hypersensitivity (contains benzyl alcohol)
    • Seizures
    • Any condition which may be worsened by anti-cholinergic effects
  6. Dimenhydrinate
    Adverse effects:
    • Can cause sedation
    • dry mouth
    • blurred vision
    • urinary retention
  7. Dimenhydrinate
    Onset:
    Immediate
  8. Dimenhydrinate
    Duration:
    4-7 hours Peak :1-4 hours
  9. Dimenhydrinate
    Adult Dosage:
    • 25 – 50 mg slow IVP
    • 50 – 10 mg IM
    • Note: IV dose must be diluted with NS to 10 ml
  10. Dimenhydrinate
    Pediatric Doseage:
    • 1 mg/kg IM or slow IVP (diluted)
    • 2 – 5 years do not exceed 25 mg
    • 6 – 12 years do not exceed 50 mg
  11. Dimenhydrinate
    Route:
    Route: IV, IM
  12. Dimenhydrinate
    Interactions/Precautions:
    • Seizure disorders
    • Asthma
    • Patients with increased intraocular pressure or angle-closure glaucoma.
    • Undiluted solution is irritating to the veins and may produce sclerosis

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