World Civ test 2
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World Civ test 2
test 2 world civ Beau
Mediterranean people we discussed?
Indo European greeks
Like Minoans but more War-like
2 words talked about the Mycenaeans?
Labrys- Double Axe
Labyrinth- House/Palace of the double axe.
What happens to the Mycenaeans?
They are conquered, absorbed, and pushed out of Greece by the Dorian Greeks.
They flee to Ionian and are called Ionian Greeks.
Thalosocracies- He who controlled the sea controlled the land.
Raised fortified site within a city.
Last area to defend.
What age was the minoan/mycenaean period referred to?
Crops of the Minoans
Olives and Grapes
Minoans commercial products?
Wine, olive oil, and pottery (finest of it's time)
The legend of the Minotaur
Minoans great Palace?
Palace of Knossos
Where was the palace of Knossos located?
Island of Crete
Minoan legendary King?
Who discovered the Minoan civilization?
Sir Arthur Evans 1900-1930
What started Sir arthur Evans to look for Minoan civ?
What is the minoan civilization sometimes referred?
The connecting/Stepping stone civilization.
King, they are traders not warriors.
Believed in afterlife
built crypt instead of large tombs to bury dead.
Other things to be familiar with from minoan civilization?
women have more freedom
What did egyptians call the Mediterranean sea?
The great green sea and they feared it.
What protected the Minoans?
The Great Green Sea and their commercial fleet.
Linear A- No can read
Linear B- Can read
The Geography of the greek mainland, and how did it affect settlement patters.
Peninsula was criss-crossed by mountains which isolated the cities. The best place to settle and have a city is by the water.
Conquered and destroyed the Mycenean culture.
What was the Greek Dark age? Why?
Because the only thing to do was survive.
What happened to the greeks that were driven out during the dorian invasion?
They flee to Ionia and are called Ionian Greeks
Was the Dark ages good or bad for us? Why?
Good, it made a pure Greek Culture.
What are the writings of Homer?
Illiad and Odyssey
What are the Illiad and Odyssey about?
Mans relationship with man, the flaws in human character, and the whims of the Gods
How did homer see the Gods?
The Gods were like Humans so the 12 Olympians were like us.
What were oracles? What did they look like?
They were predicters of the future who were elderly women.
The most famous oracle?
The Oracle of Delphi
When and where were the first olympic games held?
Olympia in 776BC
how long were the olympic games held from 776BC
virtually unrestricted for 12 centuries
Why was the trojan war fought?
Poem- Hera stealing Helen
Who discovered the city of Troy?
What did Moses call God?
Who was Abraham?
The father of the 3 greatest religions.
What was the biggest contribution of the Hebrews
God is Just
Earliest traces of Hebrews found where?
Tigres and Euphrates rivers
Who were known as the sea people?
Which group was first to divide their empire into provinces and separate states
Where were the phoenecians located?
Located on the coastline of Syria.
What do we give phoenecians credit for?
What items did the phoenecians trade
Glass and purple dye
What is the Aremeans nation called today?
What does it mean?
Arameans oldest city
Damascus- the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world today
Arameans language for the middle east became what?
What was the hittite empire famous for?
Producing iron products on a truelly commercial scale
How did the hittites affect mesopotamian culture?
The destroyed it. Took 400 yrs to rebuild
What people caused the fall of the Hittites?
Who founded the Chaldean/Babylonian empire?
Which Chaldean/babylonian was the most famous?
Who was famous for the hanging gardens of babylon?
Who produced iron on a truely commercial scale?
Campys-added egypt to empire
Darius- loses in marathon
Cyrus belonged to which dynasty?
Who was the persian leader that allowed hebrews to leave?
How was the persian empire set up?
Satrapies- cultural centers
Where and who were the persians defeated?
Persians most important cultural contribution?
Persian Philosopher Zorraster
Who are the Persians?
Ruler of Gods, known as the Sky Diety
Sun God, God of light, medicine
God of war
God of the Sea
Goddess of Wisdom, War
Goddess of love and beauty
Queen of the Gods, Zeus' wife
Patroness of women and marriage