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What does polio do to the body?
How does it enter into the body?
Infects gray matter of the spinal cord
Through the mouth - direct contact
Aerosolized droplets from nasopharyngeal secretions or direct contact with vesicle fluid from skin lesions
March, April, May
When vaccine is given
What if child has not had it before starting school
Fever, abdominal pain, blisters
Child has to get 2nd vaccine between 4-6 years or they will not be allowed into school
From what exotoxin
Enters body after tissue injury
At what ages is the vaccine scheduled
How many times must child be vaccinated
Every 10 years
What is it
Acute communicable infection of the respiratory tract
Direct contact with respiratory secretions
What does DTaP prevent?
Direct and indirect respiratory secretions
Pneumonia, seizures, hemorrhage, encephalitis, death
Droplets and direct contact from infected person
Sterility, deafness, myocarditis
Parotid swelling and tenderness
Direct contact with infected person
Respiratory secretions, blood, stool, urine
Rare but can cause birth defects in fetus
What ages is the MMR vaccine given?
**Do not give to immunocompromised patients because it is a live vaccine
What do each of these combination vaccines consist of:
When should they be given by?
Pentacel - DTaP, IPV, HiB (before age 5)
Pediarix - DTaP, IPV, Hep B (before age 7)
Twinrix - Hep A & B (use only in ages 18+)
Vaccine for pneumococcal disease will help prevent:
What does is do to the body
Inflammation of tissues around the brain and spinal column
Death can occur within hours
Fever, headache, stiff neck
What are the two main signs for meningitis?
Brudzinski - while child is supine, if the neck is flexed forward then the knees bend involuntarily
Kernig - while child is supine, cannot bend the hip to bring the leg to 90 degrees
If other children are suspected to have been exposed to a child with meningitis, what are the protocols?
Preschoolers will take Rifampi and Ceftriaxone within 7 days
What provides longer protection
When should it be given
MCV4 or Menactra T (compared to Menomune)
Ages 11-12 (also mandatory in Florida colleges if living in dorms)
What virus is the most common cause of diarrhea in young children?
What is the most common STI?
What contraindications are there for vaccines?
- Very few
- Only if the child is critically ill
***Precaution is not a contraindication