AP

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Author:
rtbrad
ID:
42662
Filename:
AP
Updated:
2010-10-17 03:06:42
Tags:
Chap12 Blood
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Description:
blood
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  1. normal pH of blood
    7.35-7.45
  2. 2 components of blood
    • plasma
    • formed elements
  3. components of plasma
    • water 91%
    • solutes 2%
    • proteins 7%
  4. categories of proteins
    • albumin
    • globulins
    • fibrogen
    • prothrombin
  5. clotting proteins
    • prothrombin
    • fibrogen
  6. globulins
    immune proteins
  7. serum
    plasma minus clotting proteins
  8. formed elements
    • RBC
    • WBC
    • platelets
  9. RBC's
    • erythrocytes
    • formed in red bown marrow
    • do not have a nucleus
    • contain hemoglobin
    • biconcave disks
  10. final process of clotting
    formation of fibrin
  11. 5 kinds of WBC's
    • neutrophils
    • basophils
    • eosinophils
    • lymphocytes
    • monocytes
  12. neutrophils
    • most numerous
    • phagocytes
    • granulocyte
  13. eosinophils
    • granulocytes
    • involved in allergic reations
    • protects against parasites
  14. basophils
    • granulocytes
    • secrete histamine and heparin
  15. lymphocytes
    • agranulocytes
    • produce antibodies B&T lymphocytes
  16. monocytes
    • agranulocytes
    • phagocyte
    • macrophages in tissue
  17. 2 areas involved in blood cell formation
    • Reb bone marrow
    • Lymphatic tissue
  18. polycythemia
    overproduction of RBC's
  19. pernicious anemia
    caused by lack of B12
  20. leukocytosis
    excessive number of WBC's
  21. leukopenia
    low WBC's
  22. CBC W/Diff
    diff- gives count of individual WBC types
  23. Leukemias
    • ALL- Acute lymphoid Leukemia
    • CLL- Chronic lymphoid Leukemia
    • AML- Acute Myloid Leukemia
    • CML- Chronic Myloid Leukemia
  24. Thromocytosis
    excessive production of platelets
  25. thrombocytopenia
    low level of platelets
  26. thrombus
    stationary clot
  27. embolus
    moving clot
  28. ABO blood typing
    • Type .....Antigens ..antibodies
    • ..A ............A .............B
    • ..B ............B .............A
    • .AB ..........AB .........NONE
    • ..O .........NONE .........AB
  29. Erythroblastosis fetalis
    Rh-Neg mother carries an Rh-pos fetus

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