Chapter 21,22,23

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firefighter711
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42714
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Chapter 21,22,23
Updated:
2010-10-17 12:14:42
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EMT
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  1. appearing abnormally sleepy confused, violent, or even completely unresponsive
    Altered Mental Status (AMS)
  2. Abnormally low blood glucose level.
    Hypoglycemia
  3. Abnormally high blood glucose level.
    Hyperglycemia
  4. Interpretations of normal brain functioncaused by bursts of abnormal electrical signals in the brain.
    Seizures
  5. condition that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is interupted.
    Stroke
  6. condition involving gradual developement of memory impairmentand cognitive disturbance.
    Dementia
  7. Medical condition that results when a person's pancreas will no longer produce an adequate supply of insulin or when the body loses the ability to utilize insulin properly.
    Diabetes
  8. hormone required for the transfer of glucose (sugar) from the blood to the tissues and cells where it can be used for fuel.
    Insulin
  9. blood sugar.
    Glucose
  10. a hyperglycemic condition in which an absence of insulin causes the body to metabolize other sources of energy such as fat. the blood becomes acidic and the condition may result in a fruity breath odor and AMS.
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  11. altered mental status resulting from untreated hyperblycemia.
    Diabetic Coma
  12. condition resulting from untreated hypoglycemia.
    insulin shock
  13. full-body muscle contractions lasting up to several minutes.
    convulsions
  14. a neurological disorder characterized by sudden recurring attacks of motor sensory, or psychic malfunction with or without loss of consciousness or convulsive seizures.
    Epilepsy
  15. seizures caused bye a sudden increase in fever. most common in children.
    Febrile Seizures
  16. Seizure characterized by a los of consciousness, convulsions. also called a grand mal seizure.
    Generalized tonic-clonic seizure
  17. period following a generalized seizure where the patient will remain unresponsive or also may be sleepy or groggy for up to 30 mintues or so.
    Postical
  18. multiple seizures without a period of consciousness between them, or one continuous seizure lasting 10 minutes or more.
    Status Epilepticus
  19. also called a mini stroke, this conditions presents as a stroke but signs and symptoms resolve usually within 24 hours.
    Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  20. A substabce that absorbs many poisons and prevents them from being absorbed by the body.
    Activated charcoal
  21. The body's exaggerated response when exposed to specific substances to which it has sensitivities.
    Allergic Reactions
  22. substance that causes sensitivity.
    Allergens
  23. sudden, severe allergic reaction.
    anaphylaxis
  24. red, itchy, possibly raised blotches on the skin, possibly from insect bites or food allergy.
    Hives
  25. progression of a severe allergic reaction. may result in death.
    anaphylactic shock
  26. a hormone produced by the body. As a medication it constricts blood vessels and dilates repiratory passages and is used to releive severe allergic reactions.
    Epinephrine
  27. abnormally low core body temperature.
    Hyporthermia
  28. abnormally elevated core body temperature.
    Hyperthermia
  29. the body's ability to maintain a stable core temperature.
    temperature regulation
  30. application of an external heat source to rewarm the body of a hypothermic patient.
    Active Rewarming
  31. armpits
    Axillae
  32. covering a hypothermic patient and taking other steps to prevent further heat loss and help the body rewarm itself.
    Passive Rewarming
  33. normal body temperature.
    Normothermic
  34. local cold injury. Damage to local tissues from exposure to cold temperatures.
    Frostbite
  35. early or superficial frostbite.
    Frostnip
  36. a substance that, in water, seperates into electricallly charged particles.
    Electrolyte
  37. death caused by submersion in water.
    drowning
  38. the condition of having begun to drown but still able to be resuscitated.
    near-drowning
  39. a device that encircles an extremity to reduce venous blood return to the body.
    constricting band

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