Card Set Information
chapter 8 basic tissues
lines the internal and external body surfaces
what is the function of the epithelium?(TAPSS)
tissue absorption, protection, secretion and sensory
epithelium contains no ____ ____
t/f epithelium is highly vascular
false- no blood vessels
epithelium gets oxygen and nutrition from the _____ ____ through _____
epithelium has a rapid ____ ____
defined as how quickly the cells can replace themselves
epithelial cells reproduce by ______ so they can grow back _____
what are the 3 parts of classification
only one layer of cells above the basement membrane
multiple layers of cells above the basement membrane
cells look like multiple layers because they are different heights but they each touch basement membrane
flattened plate like cells
cell height < cell width
cell height=cell width
rectangular or tall cells
cell height > cell width
tough, fibrous, waterproof protein that blacks bacteria and is resistant to friction
what kinds of tissues produce keratin
heavy use (hands)
if tissues are put under extra stress and needs more protection
the _____ is written into the DNA
what epithelium lines blood vessels, lymph vessels and the heart?
simple squamous epithelium
what epithelium lines the salivary gland ducts
what epithelium lines the salivary gland ducts and is inner enamel epithelium?
what kind of epithelium lines the upper respiratory tract
what epithelium makes up the superficial oral mucosa
stratified squamous epithelium
what kind of epithelium makes up the superficial skin (epidermis)
keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
stratified epithelium is classified by the ______ layer-which is almost always _____
the velcro between epithelium and connective tissue
what are the two parts of the basement membrane
what are the two parts of the basal lamina
what produces that basal lamina
which layer is the clear layer in the basal lamina?
what is the dense layer in the basal lamina?
the _____ _____ loop into the lamina lucida
what produces the reticular lamina?
the reticular lamina consists of ______ _____ _____ that loop into the _____ ____
anchoring collagen fibers
what are the 4 types of connective tissue?
what is the function of connective tissue? (SAD)
support, attachment and defense
what is the most common cells in connective tissue?
______ secrete intercellular substance and various kinds of fibers
what are three kinds of fibroblasts?
what kind of fibers are very strong, rope-like and found in teeth, tendons and bone
what kind of fibers are able to stretch and tehn return to its original shape and found in the soft palate
what kind of fibers are very fine, hair-like fibers, found in embryonic structures (spleen)
intercellular substance and fibers secreted by fibroblasts
CT_____ is deep to the epithelium and has two layers
what are the two layers of CT proper
cells, fibers and intercellular substance that are loosely packed with blood vessels and nerves
___ CT extends into epithelium making ____ _____ ____, these help to increase the surface area between the epithelium and CT
connective tissue papillae
tightly packed tissue that consists mainly of protein fibers which make it very strong
what are two types of specialized CT
_____ CT has very little matrix but lots of fat cells packed together
_____ CT has a large number of elastic fibers for stretchy tissues
what is firm CT?
what is a firm and non calcified tissue with no blood vessels and no nerve supply
what is three purposes of cartilage?
forms template of skeleton
cushions bones in joints
structural support for soft tissues
what is the CT that surrounds the cartilage and what does it do?
provides blood and nerve supply for cartilage
cartilage repairs _____ why?
no blood supply
what produces cartilage matrix
what is the small space that surrounds each condrocyte?
what is rigid CT
what are the five parts of macroscopic bone
what is the innermost part of the bone where blood cells are produced?
what lines the bone marrow
what surrounds the bone marrow and is spongy?
what is the lattice work that cancellous bone forms called?
what is very dense and surrounds cancellous bone?
what is a double layered CT sheath that surrounds the entire bone and what does it contain?
blood vessels and nerves
what are bone forming cells?
what are two parts of the microscopic bone?
what is the canal for blood vessels and nerves in microscopic bone?
what surrounds the haversian canal an secret a matrix?
what is the matrix sectreted by osteocytes called?
when the osteoid calcifies in a sheet what is it called?
5 to 20 layers of ______ create a _____
groups of _____ come together to form bone
because each _____ has its own blood supply, bone repairs _____
inorganic substance in crystalline formation that mineralizes the bone
calcium hydroxapatite is __% mineralized
what is fluid CT?
what are the three parts of blood?
red blood cells
white blood cells
what is the fluid substance that carries everything in the blood
what in the blood carries the oxygen?
red blood cells
what in the blood is the immune response?
white blood cells
what kind of tissue cells are capable of contraction?
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
which muscle tissue is voluntary muscles controlled by somatic nervous system?
which muscle tissue is controlled by the somatic nervous system?
which muscle tissue is involuntary muscle and controlled by autonomic nervous system?
which muscle tissue is controlled by the autonmoic nervous system?
which muscle tissue is interconnected to cause synchronized contraction?
what are the parts to nervous tissue?
what is a functional cellular component of the nervous system?
what is a bundle of neurons
what is a junction between two neurons where impulses are transmitted?
what is a sensory nerve that carries information to the brain
what is a motor nerve that carries commands from the brain to the body?
body to brain=
brain to body=