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what is the year of baby boomers?
what is the year of generation X?
what is the year of generationY?
process of receving stimuli or data
what is external stimuli?
visual auditory olfactory tactile gustatory
awareness of the position and movement of body parts
the ability to perceive and understand an object through touch by its size,shape,and texture
awareness of body organs
what effects internal stimuli?
kinesthetics and visceral sensations
conscious organization and translation of the data or stimuli into meaningful information
what is needed to for an individual to be aware of their environment?
stimulus, receptor, impulse conduction and perception
agent or act that stimulates nerve
converts stimulus to a nerve impulse (nerve cell)
travels along a nerve pathway to spinal cord/brain
specialized brain cells interpret the sensory stimuli, the brain must be alert
the term used to describe when a person is in optimal arousal
spot in the brain stem that is thought to mediate the arousal mechanism
RAS- reticular activating system
the two components of RAS
- RIA-reticular inhibitory area
- REA-reticular excitatory area (arousal and wakefulness)
what happens in an absence of RAS to the cerebrum?
brain becomes inactive or useless
whats between REA and RIA
level of consciousness maintained
decrease in or lack of meaningful stimuli
when a person is unable to process or manage the amount or intensity of sensory stimuli.
impaired reception,perception, or both of one or more of the senses ex) blindness or deafness
basic human needs
- optimal temp and humidity
what is the 5th leading cause of death
accidents (unintentional harm)
89% of hospital incidents
accidents other than falls in which client is pirmary factor (self mutilation, burns, cuts, bruises)
related to therapies (med errors, improper application of splint)
malfunction or misues of equipment (wheels not locked, electrocution, fire )
what are alternatives to restraints
- frequent observation
- involvement of family
- bed alarms/ patient alarms
- locate patients in busy area
- ** document alternatives prior to restraint order**
omnibus budget reconciliation act 1990 - guidelines for restraints last resort
what is RACE?
- rescue patients
- sounds alarm
- contain the fire
class A extinguishers?
combuistibles wood, paper, cloth
class b extinguisher
class c extinguishers
class abc extinguishers
all types used most often
What does PASS stand for?
- pull the pin
- aim at the base of fire
- squeeze the handles
- sweep side to side