CHM 115 Naming ionic compounds

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Author:
trsmartblonde
ID:
42915
Filename:
CHM 115 Naming ionic compounds
Updated:
2010-10-18 23:15:26
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Chemistry nomenclature
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Description:
Naming compounds with polyatomic ions
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  1. Polyatomic Ions
    Composed of a series of atoms chemically bonded together and carrying a net charge
  2. -ite suffix
    given to the one with the lowest number of oxygen atoms (smallest oxidation number on central atom)
  3. -ate suffix
    given to the one with the highest number of oxygen atoms (highest oxidation number on central atom)
  4. NO3-
    Nitrate
  5. NO2-
    Nitrite
  6. SO4-2
    Sulfate
  7. SO3-2
    Sulfite
  8. HSO4-
    Hydrogen Sulfate
  9. HSO3-
    Hydrogen Sulfite
  10. PO4-3
    Phosphate
  11. PO3-2
    Phosphite
  12. HPO4-2
    Hydrogen Phosphate
  13. H2PO4-
    Dihydrogen Phosphate
  14. Chlorine Note:
    When 4 combinations with oxygen are possible, use per--------ate for
    the highest
  15. Chlorine Note:
    When 4 combinations with oxygen are possible, use hypo---------ite for
    the lowest
  16. ClO4-
    Perchlorate
  17. ClO3-
    Chlorate
  18. ClO2-
    Chlorite
  19. ClO-
    Hypochlorite
  20. NH4+
    Ammonium ion
  21. CN-
    Cyanide ion
  22. CO3-2
    Carbonate ion
  23. HCO3-
    Hydrogen Carbonate (Bicarbonate)
  24. OH-
    Hydroxide ion
  25. SiO4-4
    Silicate ion
  26. O22-
    Peroxide ion
  27. O2-
    Superoxide ion
  28. O2-
    Oxide ion
  29. C2H3O2-
    Acetate ion

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