The lips are covered externally by ______ and internally by ______
The lips muscosa is lined by ______ epithelium.
This is keratinized in _____ and non-keratinized in _______.
ruminants and horses
carnivores and pigs
Labial glands in lips are usually what type of gland and distributed in _______.
The mucosa of the cheeks is lined by ____ epithelium. In ruminants this is studded with ____
cinical buccal papillae
The buccal glands of the cheeks are located in the _____ and may be what type of gland.
mixed (sero mucous)
The mucosa of the hard palate is lined by ____epithelium.
The propria -submucosa of the hard palate is composted of a dense network of _______.
The palantine glands of the hard palate of mainly _______ glands.
In ruminants the dental pad is what type of epithelium, overlying a layer of what type of connective tissue?
heavily keratinized stratified squamous
Soft palate is lined by ______ epithelium.
The propria-submucosa of the soft palate contains ___ glands and _______tissues.
mixed palantine glands
The tongue is a muscular organ covered by ____
The tongue is lined by ________ epithelium which is keratinized or non-keratinized on the dorsal surface and _______ on the ventral surface?
The lingual glands of the tongue are what type of glands?
The dorsal surface of the tongue bears numerous macroscopic _______ which serve either ______ or _____ function.
The mechanical lingual papillae that facilitate the movement of ingesta are ________.
The lingual papillae that perform gustatory functions and contain taste buds are _________.
Filiform Papillae are what type of structure and covered by ______ epithelium.
keratinized stratified squamous
Conical lingual papillae are larger than ___papillae and are or are not highly keratinized?
not highly keratinized
These are flattend papillae that are lens-shaped and present on the torus linguae of ruminants.
Lenticular papillae are covered by _______ epithelium
Keratinized st. squamous
Fungiform papillae are mushroom shaped and are covered by _______epithelium and contain _______ on the dorsal upper surface.
Nonekratinized st. sq.
Which papillae are large and flattened, surounded by an epithelium lined sulcus.
Vallate papillare are covered by a ________ epithelium.
st. squmaous nonkeratinized
Where are the taste buds located in vallate papillae?
The papillary side of the sulcus (grove)
Which papillae are have taste buds located on the sides of folds?
What type of epithelium covers foliate papillae?
st. squamous nonkeratinized
Are foliate papillae absent or present in ruminants and which animal are they rudimentary in?
In taste buds which typer of nerve fiber is closely associated with gustatory cells?
non-mylinated nerve fibers (taste receptors)
What is the name of the cordlike structure present in the tongue of carnivores?
The lyssa is composed of what type of tissue, muscle, vessels etc. and enclosed by __________connective tissue capsule.
white adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, blood vessels, nerves
What is the name of the large prominence on the caudal part of the dorsal surface of the ruminant tongue?
What is the name of the cartliage persent in the the tongue of horses?
Dorsal lingual cartliage
The tooth consists of which type of highly mineralized structures?
What is the name of the central part of the tooth?
What is the hardest substance in the body which is also part of the tooth?
Enamel is produced by ___?
Dentine is produced by ______.
Which part of the tooth resembles bone?
Which fibers form the peridontal ligament, which anchors the tooth in the alveolus?
Cemento-alveolar (Sharpey's) fibers
What type of teeth are short and cease to grow after eruption is completed?
Brachydonts have a crown, neck and root. That is the crown covered by and what is the root covered by?
Which animals have brachydont teeth?
Carnivores and incisors of ruminants
Which type of teeth are much longer and continue to grow thoughout life?
Which of the following do the Hypsodont teeth have? Crown, Neck, Root.
The entire Hypsodont tooth is covered by what?
Cementum and enamel
What types of animals have hypsodont teeth?
cheek teeth of ruminants, all permanent teeth of horses and canine teeth of pigs.
What type of gland is the parotid? Structurally what type of gland is this?
What shape are the cells in the acinus of parotid glands?
What are the three types of ducts in the parotid salivary gland?
What are the epithelium of the intercalated, striated and interlobular ducts of the parotid?
intercalated: low cuboidal
striated: simple columnar
interlobular: slimple columnar changing to stratified columnar as the ducts become larger and fuse
What type of gland is the mandibular gland?
What type of gland is the sublingual salivary gland?
The main duct of the subingual salivary gland is _________ epithelium.
Sublingual salivary gland in dogs and cats have _______ ducts that are not prominent but are well developed in ruminats and pigs.
Which type of salivary gland is composed of long branched, tubuloacinar secretory units which are predominantly mucous with small flattened serous demilune. Intercalated and striated ducts are almost nonexistant.
Zygomatic salivary gland
Which salivary gland of cats is histologically similar to the zygomatic salivary gland?
Molar salivary gland
What is the general structure of tubular organs and what do they contain?