Egyptian Deities

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Egyptian Deities
2010-10-18 15:19:58
Ancient Egyptian Dieties

Ancient Egyptian Deities
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  1. Aken
    ferryman to the underworld
  2. Ammit:
    crocodile-headed devourer in Duat, nota true deity
  3. Amun (Amen):
    the hidden one, a local creator deity later married to Mut after rising in importance, the god of Thebes, king of gods in New Kingdom.
  4. Amunet:
    Female aspect of the primordial concept of air in the Ogdoad cosmogony; was depicted as a cobra snake or a snake-headed woman
  5. Anubis:
    dog or jackal god of embalming and tomb-caretaker who watches over the dead
  6. Anuket:
    goddess of the Nile River.Tthe child of Satis and among the Elephantine triad of deities; temple on the island of Seheil, giver of life and fertility, gazelle-headed
  7. Apep:
    Evil serpent of the underworld, enemy of Ra and formed from a length of Neith's spit during her creation of the world.
  8. Apis:
    the Apis bull probably was at first a fertility figre concerned with the propagation of grain and herds.
  9. The Aten:
    the sun disk or glove worshipped primarily during the Amarna Period in the eighteenth dynasty when representing a monotheistic deity advanced by Amenhotep IV, who took the name Akhenaten
  10. Atum:
    a Creator deity, and the setting sun
  11. Bast:
    goddess, protector of the pharaoh and a solar deity where the sun could be seen shining in her eyes at night, a lioness, house cat, cat-bodied or cat-headed woman, also known as bastet when superseded by Sekhmet
  12. Bat:
    Represented cosmos and the essence of the soul (ba), cow goddess who gave authority to the king, ult originated in Hu and persisted widely until absorbed as an aspect of Hathor after the eleventh dynasty; associated with the sistrum and the ankh
  13. Bes:
    dwarfed demigod- associated with protection of the household, particularly childbirth and entertainment, god of safe journey
  14. the Four sons of Horus:
    personifications of the containers for the organs of the deceased pharaohs. Imsety in human form, contained the liver and was protected by Isis; Hapi in baboon form, contained the lungs and was protected by Nephthys; Duamutef in Jackal form, contained the stomach and was protected by Neith; Qebehsenuef in hawk form, contained the large intestines and was protected by Serket
  15. Geb:
    the green god of the Earth and the first ruler of Egypt, and husband of Nut
  16. Hapy:
    God embodied by the Nile, who represents life and fertility
  17. Hathor:
    goddess of the moon and children, among the oldest of Egyptian deities- often depicted as the cow, cow-goddess, sky-goddess, and tree-goddess. Mother to the pharaoah and earlier to the universe, golden calf of the bible, and later goddess of love and music.
  18. Heget:
    goddess of childbirth and fertility, who breathed life into humans at birth, represented as a frog of a frog-headed woman
  19. Horus:
    falcon-headed god most notably being the god of the sky, god of war, and god of protection. Included multiple forms or potentially different gods, including heru the son of Isis, god of Pharaoahs and upper egypt.
  20. Isis:
    Goddess of magical power and healing. "she of the throne" who was represented as the throne, also later as the wife of Osiris and as the protector of the dead
  21. Iusaaset:
    the great one who comes forht, the goddess who was called the mother and grandmother of all of the deities and later the "shadow" of atum or atum-ra
  22. Khepry:
    The scarab beetle, the embodiment of the dawn
  23. Khnum:
    A creator deity, god of the unundation
  24. Khonsu:
    the son of Amun and Mut, whose name means "wanderer", which probably refers to the passage of the moon across the sky, as he was a lunar deity. In the late period he was also considered an important god of healing.
  25. Kuk:
    the personification of darkness that often took the form of a frog-headed god, whose consort or female form was the snake-headed Kauket
  26. Maahes:
    • he who is true beside her, a lion prince, son of Bast in lower egypt and of Sekhmet in pper Egypt and sharing their natures, his father varied- being the current chief male deity of the time and region, a god of war, weather, and protector of matrilineality.
    • associated with high priests of Amon, the kinfe, lotuses, and decouring captives
  27. Ma'at
    • a goddess who personified concept of truth, balance, justice, and order-represented as a woman, sitting or standing, holding a sceptre in one hand and an ankh in the other.
    • Thought to have created order out of the primal chaos and was responsible for maintaining the order of the universe and all of its inhabitants, to prevent a return to chaos
  28. Mafdet:
    she who runs swiftly, early deification of legal justice (execution) as a cheetah, ruling as judgment hall in Duat where enemies of the pharaoh were decapitated with Mafdet's claw; alternately, a cat, a mongoose, or a leopard protecting against vermin, snakes, and scorpions; the bed upon which royal mummies were placed in murals.
  29. Menhit:
    goddess of war- depicted as a lioness-goddess and therefore becoming associated with Sekhmet
  30. meretseger:
    goddess of the valley of the kings, a cobra-goddess, sometimes tripleheaded, dweller on the top of or the personification of the pyramid-shaped mountain, al-qurn, which overlooked the tombs of the pharaohs in the valley of the kings
  31. meskhenet:
    goddess of childbirth, and the creator of each person's Ka, a aprt of their soul, thereby associated with fate
  32. Menthu:
    an ancient god of war- nomad- represented strength, virility, and victory
  33. Min:
    represented in many different forms, but was often represented in male human form, shown with an erect penis which he holds in his left hand and an upheld right arm holding a flai; by the new kingdom he was fused with Amen in the deity Min-amen-kamutef, Min-amen- bull of his mother (hathor), and his shrine was crowned with a pair of cow horns
  34. Mnevis:
    Sacred bull of heliopois, later associated with a as the offspring of the solar cow deity, and possibly also with minl when akhenaten abandoned Amun in favour of the Aten he claimed that he would maintain the Mnevis cult, which may have been because of its solar associations
  35. Mut:
    Mother, was originally a title of the primordial waters of the cosmos, the mother from which the cosmos emerged, as was naunet in the ogdoad cosmogony, gained aspect of creator goddess
  36. Naunet:
    a goddess, the primal waters from which all arose, similar to mut and later closely related to nu
  37. Neith:
    goddess of war, then great moher goddess- a name of the primal waters, the goddess of creation and weaving, said to weave all of the world on her loom
  38. Nekhbet:
    goddess depicted as an Egyptian vulture- protector of Egypt, royalty, and the pharaoh with her extended wings- always seen on the front of Pharaoh's double crown with Wadjet
  39. Nephthys:
    goddess of death, holder of the rattle, the sistrum- sister to Isis and the nursing mother of Horus and the pharaohs represented as the mistress of the temple, a woman with falcon wings, usually outstretched as a symbol of protection.
  40. Nut:
    goddess of heaven and the sky- mother of many deities as well as the sun, the moon and the stars
  41. Osiris:
    god of the underworld after hathor and Anubis, fertility, and agriculture. Oldest son of the sky goddess, Nut, and the Earth god, Geb, and being brother and later, the husband of Isis- and early deity of upper egypt whose cult persisted into the sixth century BC
  42. Pakhet:
    she who ears- a deity of merged aspects of sekhmet and bast, cult center at beni hasan where north and south met- lioness protector
  43. Ptah:
    creator deity, also god of craft
  44. Qebui:
    Lord of the North Wind: associated with the lands beyond the third cataract
  45. Ra:
    the eagle god of the sun, also a creator deity- whose chief cult centre was based in heliopolis meaning "city of the sun"
  46. Ra-Horakhty:
    God of both sky and sun, a combination of Ra and Horus- thought to be God of rising sun.
  47. Reshep:
    war god who was originally from Syria
  48. Satis:
    Goddess who represented the flooding of the Nile River, ancient wa, hunting, and fertility goddess, mother of the nile, Anuke, associated with water, depicted with a boy and arrows, and a gazelle or antelope horned, and sometimes, feathered crown.
  49. Sekhmet:
    Goddess of destruction and war, fire, and plague, the lioness- also personified as an aspect of Ra, fierce protector of the pharaoah, a solar deity, and later as an aspect of Hathor
  50. Seker:
    God of Death
  51. Selket:
    Scorpion goddess, protectress, goddess of magic
  52. Sobek
    Crocodile god of the nile, fertility
  53. Set
    God of storms, later became god of evil, desert and patron of upper egypt. 'set-animal' -headed as one of the most prominent deities of chaos he does not have an actual animal to represent him, but is seen as an amalgamation of many different characteristics of other animals
  54. Seshat:
    goddess of writing, astronomy, astrology, architecture, and mathematics depicted as a scribe
  55. Shu
    embodiment of wind or air
  56. Swenet:
    goddess of the ancient city on the border of southern Egypt at the Nile Riber, trade in hieroglyphs
  57. Tatenen:
    ancient nature god. Later combined with Ptah as Ptah-tenen
  58. Taweret:
    goddess of pregnant woman and protector at childbirth
  59. Tefnut:
    goddess, embodiment of rain, dew, clouds, and wet weather, depicted as a cat and somtimes as a lioness
  60. Thoth:
    god of the moon, drawing, writing, geometry, wisdom, medicine, music, astronomy, magic; usually depicted as ibis-headed, or as a goose: cult centered in Khemennu
  61. Wadjet:
    the goddess, snake goddess of lower egypt, depicted as a cobra, patron and protector of Egypt and the pharaoh, always shwon on crown of the pharaoahs; later joined by the image of Nekhbet after north and south united; other symbols:eye, snake on staff
  62. Wadj-wer:
    fertility god and personification of the Mediterranean sea or lakes of the Nile delta
  63. Wepwawet:
    jackal god of upper egypt
  64. Wosret:
    a localized guardian goddess, protector of the young god Horus, an early consort of Amun, who was later superseded by Mut.