PSY Chapter 6 Questions

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PSY Chapter 6 Questions
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2010-10-25 21:37:59
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PSY Chapter 6 Questions
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  1. When our mental activity undergoes a change in quality or pattern, this is called a(n) __________ .
    A. Waking consciousness
    B. Transient state of consciousness
    C. Hallucination
    D. Altered state of consciousness
    D. Altered state of consciousness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The sleep-wake cycle is a(n) ________ rhythm, normally occurring every 24 hours.
    A. Annual
    B. Monthly
    C. Circadian
    D. Nocturnal
    C. Circadian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In which stage of sleep is a person is very hard to awaken?
    A. Stage four
    B. Stage three
    C. Stage one
    D. Stage two
    A. Stage four
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of REM sleep?
    A. paralysis of voluntary muscles
    B. increased heart rate
    C. slower, deeper breathing
    D. increased body temperature
    C. slower, deeper breathing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Acting out your nightmares is a rare condition called______ .
    A. narcolepsy.
    B. sleep apnea.
    C. night terrors.
    D. REM behavior disorder.
    D. REM behavior disorder.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. In which disorder does breathing stop for nearly half a minute or more?
    A. night terrors
    B. narcolepsy
    C. sleep apnea
    D. sleepwalking
    C. sleep apnea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following is bad advice for someone suffering from insomnia?
    A. Do not study or work in bed.
    B. Do not watch TV or read in bed.
    C. Avoid coffee, tea, and other caffeine-containing products before bed.
    D. Lie in bed until you fall asleep, even if it takes several hours.
    D. Lie in bed until you fall asleep, even if it takes several hours.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Nightmares occur in_______ sleep, whereas night terrors occur in ____ sleep.
    A. NREM; REM
    B. Stage Four; Stage One
    C. Stage One; Stage Two
    D. REM; NREM
    D. REM; NREM
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What term do psychologists use to designate our personal awareness of feelings, sensations, and thoughts?
    A. cognition
    B. thinking
    C. consciousness
    D. conscience
    C. consciousness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A biological cycle, or rhythm, that is approximately 24 hours long is a(n) ______ cycle.
    A. infradian
    B. diurnal
    C. circadian
    D. ultradian
    C. circadian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. If the EEG record reveals evidence of very small and very fast waves, you are likely to concludethat the sleeping person is
    A. in Stage 4
    B. in Stage 2.
    C. really not sleeping and is awake.
    D. in Stage 3.
    C. really not sleeping and is awake.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Each of the following is true of sleepwalking EXCEPT ______.
    A. sleepwalking is more common among children than adults
    B. more boys than girls sleepwalk
    C. waking a sleepwalker is difficult
    D. waking a sleepwalker is dangerous
    D. waking a sleepwalker is dangerous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. For several months, Ted has been taking increasingly larger doses of barbiturate sleeping pills totreat insomnia. He just decided to quit taking any barbiturate sleeping pills. What is likely to happen to Ted when he stops taking the barbiturate sleeping pills?
    A. He will become depressed.
    B. He will increase his intake of caffeine.
    C. He will experience the REM rebound
    D. He will suffer the symptoms of narcolepsy
    C. He will experience the REM rebound
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. REM paralysis
    A. may become permanent
    B. prevents the acting out of dreams.
    C. is a myth.
    D. only occurs in the elderly.
    B. prevents the acting out of dreams.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. REM behavior disorder results from
    A. deterioration of the medial hypothalamus
    B. not enough sleep.
    C. failure of the pons to block brain signals to the muscles.
    D. too much sleep.
    C. failure of the pons to block brain signals to the muscles.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. What is the rationale for the use of “sleepwalking” as a defense for committing a crime?
    A. The suspect was highly susceptible to suggestion at the time of the crime
    B. The suspect actually suffers from REM behavior disorder and was unknowingly acting outa dream.
    C. High levels of anxiety and stress were created by the sleep deprivation caused by thesleepwalking episodes.
    D. It was too dangerous to awaken the sleepwalking criminal.
    B. The suspect actually suffers from REM behavior disorder and was unknowingly acting outa dream.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Mary is having insomnia. Which piece of advice would you give to help her deal with it?
    A. Study in bed and then go immediately to sleep.
    B. Don’t do anything but sleep in your bed
    C. Take sleeping pills.
    D. Go to bed every night at the same time.
    B. Don’t do anything but sleep in your bed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by _________.
    A. difficulty breathing while asleep
    B. experiencing temporary paralysis immediately after waking up from sleep
    C. nodding off without warning in the middle of the day
    D. difficulty falling or remaining asleep
    A. difficulty breathing while asleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. a cycle of bodily rhythm that occurs over a 24-hour period.
    circadian rhythm
  20. a person’s awareness of everything that is going on around him or her at anygiven moment.
    consciousness
  21. state in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of mental activity ascompared to waking consciousness.
    altered states of consciousness
  22. the inability to get to sleep, stay asleep, or get a good quality of sleep.
    insomnia
  23. sleep disorder in which a person falls immediately into REM sleep duringthe day, without warning.
    narcolepsy
  24. relatively rare disorder in which the person experiences extreme fear andscreams or runs around during deep sleep, without waking fully.
    night terrors
  25. bad dreams occurring during REM sleep.
    nightmares
  26. any of the stages of sleep that do not include REM.
    non-REM sleep
  27. stage of sleep in which the eyes move rapidly under the eyelids and theperson is typically experiencing a dream.
    rapid eye movement(REM) sleep
  28. a rare disorder in which the mechanism that blocks the movement of thevoluntary muscles fails to function, allowing the person to thrash around andeven get up and act out nightmares.
    REM behavior disorder
  29. the inability to move the voluntary muscles during REM sleep.
    REM paralysis
  30. increased amounts of REM sleep after being deprived of REM sleep onearlier nights.
    REM rebound
  31. disorder in which the person stops breathing for nearly half a minute or moreduring sleep.
    sleep apnea
  32. occurring during the deep sleep of Stage 4 non-REM sleep, an episode ofmoving around or walking around in one’s sleep.
    sleepwalking(somnambulism)
  33. state in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear, organized, and theperson feels alert.
    waking consciousness
  34. Most of our time awake is spent in a state called_______ , in which our thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear and organized, and we feel alert.
    A. waking consciousness
    B. working consciousness
    C. altered state of consciousness
    D. unconsciousness
    A. waking consciousness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following situations is NOT an altered state of con­sciousness?
    A. You are concentrating on a math test.
    B. You are daydreaming.
    C. You are asleep.
    D. You have been drinking beer.
    A. You are concentrating on a math test.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following is NOT an example of a circadian rhythm?
    A. blood pressure changes
    B. sleep-wake cycle
    C. body temperature changes
    D. menstrual cycle
    D. menstrual cycle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What is the first stage of sleep in which, if awakened, you will real­ize that you were asleep?
    A. Stage One
    B. Stage Four
    C. Stage Three
    D. Stage Two
    D. Stage Two
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. In which stage of sleep do night terrors occur?
    A. Stage Four
    B. Stage Three
    C. Stage One
    D. Stage Two
    A. Stage Four
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Sleepwalking________ .
    A. occurs in about 50 percent of the population.
    B. occurs more frequently in girls than in boys.
    C. is partly hereditary.
    D. lasts well into late adulthood in most people.
    C. is partly hereditary.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Night terrors________ .
    A. are always vividly remembered afterward.
    B. take place in one of the lighter stages of sleep.
    C. are the same thing as nightmares.
    D. are more common in children.
    D. are more common in children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which of the following statements about REM sleep is FALSE?
    A. Lack of REM sleep produces psychological disorders.
    B. Most people report that they were dreaming if awakened.
    C. The body is aroused and brain waves resemble waking beta waves.
    D. The eyes move rapidly back and forth under the eyelids.
    A. Lack of REM sleep produces psychological disorders.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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