Social Psych Ch.8

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Social Psych Ch.8
2010-10-18 16:43:46

Group Influence
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  1. Group
    Two or more people with a common goal, mutually influencing each other, shared feeling of we-ness
  2. Social Facilitation
    perform simple tasks better in other's presence
  3. Fishing Reel experiment
    • participants wound fishing reel as fast as they could either by themselves or with others present, wound faster when others present.
    • Deals with: Social Facilitation
  4. Social Inhibition
    when presence of others impairs performance, in difficult or unfamiliar tasks
  5. Why Social Facilitation
    • presence of others increases arousal
    • arousal increases dominant responses
  6. Dominant Response
    those things we do naturally
  7. Crowding
    increases stress and arousal
  8. Why is presence of others arousing
    • Evaluation Apprehension
    • distracting
    • arousing
  9. Evaluation Apprehension
    concern about how we are being evaluated by others
  10. Social Loafing
    People exert less effort when their efforts are pooled with others, diffusion of responsibility
  11. Evaluability
    • whether individual efforts can be singled out,
    • high evaluability=social facilitation,
    • low evaluability=social loafing
  12. Deindividualization
    loss of self awareness or concern for others when in crowd
  13. Factors of Deindividuation
    • Group Size (the bigger the more one is unidentifiable)
    • lynch mobs,
    • physical anonymity
  14. Group Polarization
    pre existing tendencies of members become intensified in group settings
  15. Risky Shift
    people make riskier decisions when in group
  16. Why Polarization
    • Informational influence: we hear novel arguments in group discussion,
    • Normative influence: desire to abide by group norm
  17. Groupthink
    • Occasions when cohesive groups ignore rational appraisals as a result of concurrence seeking,
    • happens when group is friendly, isolation from others, directive leadership
  18. Groups do better than individuals when
    general knowledge questions, logic problems, eyewitness testimony
  19. Minorities influence when
    consistent in their viewpoint, self confidence, defect from majority
  20. Great person theory
    leaders are born, share same qualities
  21. Fitness theory
    no leader fits all
  22. Transformational Leadership
    leaders with clear sense of vision that inspires followers