Patho

Card Set Information

Author:
emilybabs
ID:
43171
Filename:
Patho
Updated:
2010-10-18 20:13:40
Tags:
GI
Folders:

Description:
CH. 34
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  1. Clinical Manifestations of GI dysfunction include:
    • anorexia
    • vomiting
    • nausea
    • projectile vomiting
    • consstipation
    • diarrhea
    • abdominal pain
    • GI bleeding
    • hematemesis
    • hematochezia
    • melena
    • occult bleeding
  2. Anorexia:
    a lack of desire to eat
  3. Vomiting:
    the forceful emptying of the stomach and intestinal contents through the mouth
  4. Nausea:
    • a subjective experience that is associated with a number of conditions
    • retching (dry heave)
    • nonproductive vomiting
  5. Projectile vomiting:
    spontneous vomiting
  6. Constipation:
    infrequent or difficult defecation
  7. Diarrhea:
    • increased frequency of bowel movements
    • increased volume, fluidity, weight of the feces
    • 3 mechanisms of diarrhea=
    • --osmotic
    • --secretory
    • --motility
  8. Abdominal pain:
    • parietal pain
    • visceral pain
    • referred pain
  9. Parietal Pain:
    localized intense
  10. Visceral Pain:
    poorly localized, diffuse, vague
  11. Referred Pain:
    well localized
  12. Gastrointestinal Bleeding:
    • upper GI or lower GI
    • can be LIFE THREATENING
  13. Upper GI bleeding:
    esophagus, stomach, or doudenum
  14. Lower GI bleeding:
    jejunum, ileum, colon, rectum

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