526 quiz 7

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  1. ACh
  2. ADD
    attention deficit disorder
  3. ADHD
    attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
  4. ALS
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  5. CNS
    central nervous system
  6. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  7. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident; costovertebral angle
  8. DSM
    diagnostic and statistical manual of metal disorders
  9. DT
    delirium tremens
  10. DTR
    deep tendon reflex
  11. EEG
  12. ICP
    intracranial pressure
  13. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  14. OCD
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
  15. PET
    positron emission tomography
  16. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  17. SCI
    spinal cord injury
  18. TENS
    transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
  19. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  20. widespread in CNS and PNS; best known and most studied of the neurotransmitters
  21. involved in attention and consciousness, control of body temp, and regulation of pituitary gland secretion
    • nor-epinephrine
    • class = biogenic amine
  22. uncertain functions
    • epinephrine
    • class = biogenic amine
  23. regulation of subconscious motor function; receptor abnormalities have been linked to development of schizoprenia
    • dopamine
    • class = biogenic amine
  24. important in emotional states, moods, and body temp; several illicit hallucinogenic drugs such as ecstacy, target these receptors
    • seratonin
    • class = biogenic amine
  25. receptors are primarily on presynaptic membranes; functions in sexual arousal, pain threshold, pituitary hormone secretion, thirst and BP control
    • histamine
    • class = biogenic amine
  26. impt in memory and learning; most impt excitatory NT in the brain
    • glutamate
    • class = amino acid - excitatory
  27. used by pyramidal cells that provide voluntary motor control over skeletal muscles
    • aspartate
    • class = amino acid - excitatory
  28. direct effects - open chloride channels; indirect effect - open potassium channels and block entry of calcium
    • GABA, gamma-aminobutyric acid
    • class = amino acid - inhibitory
  29. produces postsynaptic inhibition, the poison strychnine produces fatal convulsions by blocking these receptors
    • glycine
    • class = amino acid - inhibitory
  30. impt in pain pathway, regulation of pituitary gland function, control of digestive tract reflexes
    • substance P
    • class = neuropeptide
  31. stimulates appetite and food intake
    • neuropeptide Y
    • class = neuropeptide
  32. pain control; emotional and behavioral effects poorly understood
    • opioids - dynorphin, endomorphin, enkephalins, endorphins
    • class = neuropeptide
  33. produces drowsiness, stimulatory effect on caffeine is due to inhibition of this activity
    • adenosine
    • class = purine
  34. numerous, complex, and incompletely understood
    hormones: ADH, oxytocin, insulin, glucagon, secretin, CCK, GIP, VIP, inhibins, ANP, BNP and many others
  35. localized and function poorly understood
    • carbon monoxide (CO)
    • class = gases
  36. CNS (brain, esp at blood vessels) and PNS (some sympathetic neuromuscular and neuroglandular junctions)
    • nitric oxide (NO)
    • class = gases
  37. euphoria, drowsiness, appetite, receptors are targeted by the active ingredient in marijuana
    • anandamine
    • class = lipids
Card Set
526 quiz 7
appendix I (chapter 13 only)
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