Who srote this in 1844: "Europe stretches to the Alleghenies; America lies beyond.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Who wrote the lecture-essay "Self-Reliance"?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The European bluegrass that thrived in burned canefields and provided good pasture for livestock.
Method by which the fur trade occurred: traders went out from St. Louis to a Rocky Mountain Valley and made camp to wait for Indians and trappers to arrive with goods to trade.
Painter and student of Native American Life; among the first Americans to advocate the preservation of nature as a deliberate national poicy. He proposed the creation of a national park, and his plan came to fruition with Yellowstone Park in 1872.
Disastrous problem that resulted in one fourth of Ireland's people dying of starvation or disease.
rot attacking the potato crop
A shadowy Irish miners' union that rocked the Pennsylvania coal districts in the 1860s and 1870s.
"twisting the British lion's tail"
The act of vulgarly insulting the British to win the Irish immigrants over politically.
A zealous German liberal who fought against slavery and public corruption
Conestoga wagon, Kenducky rifle, beer, and Christmas tree; also promoted Kindergarten and art and music.
German contributions to American culture
The German tradition of making merry and drinking on the Sabbath.
Star-Spangled banner party
later called the American, or "Know-Nothing Party", it wanted rigid restrictions on immigration and naturalization. Promoted fictional literature about accounts against the Catholic Church.
The City of Brotherly Love
"Father of the Factory System"; he was a skilled British mechanic who memorized machine plans and escaped from Britain to America to create the first efficient American machinery for spinning thread.
Having been told that the South was suffering because of the difficulty of picking cotton by hand, he built, in ten days, the cotton gin; this was fifty times more effective. When he couldn't monopolize this, he turned to developing a method for the mass production of muskets.
Invented the sewing machine in 1846, which boosted the clothing industry
perfected the sewing machine
Samuel F. B. Morse
Invented the telegraph (and Morse Code) in 1844, revolutionizing American communtication
The business principle that limited an individual investor to risk no more than his own share of the corporation's stock in cases of legal claims or bankruptcy.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
Massachusetts supreme court case that ruled that labor unions were not illegal conspiracies, provided that their methods were "honorable and peaceful".
Unmarried daughter of a famous preacher and sister of Harriet Beecher Stow, she urged women to take up teaching.
John Deere of Illinoise
Invented the steel plow in 1837
Cyrus McCormick of VIrginia
Invented a mechanical mower-reaper, allowing a single man to do the harvesting that five men had done with sickles and scythes.
In Pennsylvania, a hard-surfaced road stretching from Philadelphia to Lancaster. Very successful. (1790's)
National Road or Cumberland Road
Started in 1811 and finished in 1852, it stretched from Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois.
Created the first steamboat, the Clermont, in 1807.
Governor DeWitt Clinton
Governor of New York that led the Erie Canal project, which was started in 1817 and ended in 1825.
Finished in 1825; stretched 363 miles, connecting the Great Lakes to the HudsonRiver.
Called "the greatest wire puller in history," in 1858 he stretched a cable under the Atlantic connecting Newfoundland to Ireland.
Established in 1860 to carry mail quickly accross the two thousand miles between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
John Jacob Astor
Fur-trader and real estate speculator who died with a $30 million estate.