Bio Psych Vocab
Card Set Information
Bio Psych Vocab
Bio Psych vocab
Controls vital bodily functions such as breathing and heart rate. In the Hindbrain.
Body balance, coordinated movement. In the forebrain.
Sensory relay station. In the forebrain.
A groove between gyri of the cerebral hemisphere that is larger and deeper than a sulcus. In the cerebral cortex.
Auditory reflexes. In the Mid brain.
Regulates bodily processes such as hunger, thirst, sexual behavior and temperature. In the forebrain.
Ridges or bumps
commissure connecting two hemispheres of the brain. In the forebrain.
Visual reflexes. In the midbrain.
Broca's area or Motor Cortex.
Auditory Cortex or Wernicke's Area.
Two structures involved in Parkinson's
Substantion Nigra and Basal Ganglia
Person has difficulty understanding others and produces utterances that have no meaning would involve damage to what area? In what lobe?
Wernicke's area in the Temporal Lobe
A person with an expressive aphasia would have damage to this area, in what lobe?
Broca's Area in the Frontal lobe.
Most people, language is in this hemisphere..
A person who has loss of memory for events occurring after the amnesia-inducing brain surgery has ______ amnesia
An individual who has loss of memory for events or information learned before the
surgery has ____ amnesia.
Main treatment for ADD
Disconnecting the prefrontal lobes from the rest of the brain
language impairment caused by damage to the brain
areas of the cortex (cortical areas) are systematically arranged, consistent with the body parts they control.
right side of the brain controls the left side of the body (vice/versa)
limb amputated, still feeling sensation.
movement problems/disorder. dementia. cognitive deficits.
located in the frontal lobes. participate in motor activity by integrating and smoothing movements using information from the primary and secondary motor areas in the somatosensory cortex.
important for transferring information from short-term memory to long term memory.
a symptom of brain damage in which a person is unaware of one side of his body and of anything in the external world on the same side.
syndrome [wet brain] due to alcohol. vitamin B deficiency.
First type of sleep stage
After first stage of sleep, you go into ___ sleep, ___ minutes later.
REM sleep, 90 minutes later.
during ___ sleep, brainwaves are similar to those of an awake person although it is hard to awaken the person; this stage is called..
REM sleep. Paradoxical sleep.
Sleep walking occurs in..
Dreams mainly occur in..
Bodily processes speed up in..
Night terrors occur in..
First half of the night, more ___ sleep occurs.
More ___ sleep in the second half of the night.
The quantity of REM _____ with age.
Partial paralysis in REM. This results from fiber pathways extending from a structure called..
an amino acid that gets converted into serotonin is..
Sleep disorder where a person has sleep attacks.
In Narcolepsy a person goes straight into ___ sleep first, skipping ___ sleep.
REM sleep, Non REM.
3 characteristics of sleep disorders..
sleep paralysis, cataplexy, and hypnologic hallucinations.
waking up repeatedly in the night, gasping for air are characteristics of..
the phenomenon of compensating for lost dreaming by having more REM sleep in the recovery night.
the alternation of sleep and wakefulness on an approximately 24-hour cycle known as..
When one member of a gene pair is more influential, such that its trait is expressed over the trait of the other gene, it is said to be..
dominant. (ex: brown eyes)
When a dominant gene is paired with a recessive gene, the pair is said to be
Heterozygous. (ex: Bb, bB)
The observable characteristics of an individual are referred to as one
Phenotype. (ex: brown eyes, blonde hair, actual features.)
identical twins can be either monozygotic and dizygotic? if not, which?
FALSE, only monozygotic (one egg)
Nature vs. Nurture
difference between genes and environment in influencing behavior.
genes are composed of a double strand of molecules known as..
DNA. (deoxyribonucleic acid)
characteristics of red-green colorblindness
x-linked, males are more likely to have it and it is a recessive trait.
parents with blue eyes will have children with ___ eyes.
In the disorder PKU, because of a missing enzyme, the body is unable to break down the amino acid ______ into tyrosine.
the actual genes a person inherits determines the..
the outward expression of the genes a person inherits determines the..
Huntington's is an autosomal ______ disorder
PKU and sickle cell anemia are autosomal _____ disorders.
another name for down syndrome is
the genotype for klinefelter's is
x x y
the genotype for Turner's is
x y y
a photograph of chromosomes is called a
two tests done for genetic disorders are
CVS and amniocentesis
amniocentesis and chronic villus sampling are..
types of genetic tests.
same gene from both parents (BB, bb)
different gene from each parent (Bb, bB)
gene or trait that gets expressed
gene that gets masked
identical. one egg. genetically identical. same sex.
fraternal. two eggs. genetically same as any sibling. either sex.
movement disorder. dementia. personality changes.
visual spatial abilities
right hemisphere can't identify in..
words (left hemisphere can)
problem with wernicke's area. problem with comprehension.
environment, learning, socialization.
one bad gene = have it. probability child gets it: 50%
2 bad genes to get it.
x linked genes