Bio Psych Vocab

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Bio Psych Vocab
2010-10-19 18:33:13
Bio Psych vocab

BioPsych vocab
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  1. Medulla
    Controls vital bodily functions such as breathing and heart rate. In the Hindbrain.
  2. Cerebellum
    Body balance, coordinated movement. In the forebrain.
  3. Thalamus
    Sensory relay station. In the forebrain.
  4. Fissure
    A groove between gyri of the cerebral hemisphere that is larger and deeper than a sulcus. In the cerebral cortex.
  5. Inferior Colliculi
    Auditory reflexes. In the Mid brain.
  6. Hypothalamus
    Regulates bodily processes such as hunger, thirst, sexual behavior and temperature. In the forebrain.
  7. Ridges or bumps
  8. Corpus Callosum
    commissure connecting two hemispheres of the brain. In the forebrain.
  9. Reticular formation
    Alerting structure.
  10. Superior colliculi
    Visual reflexes. In the midbrain.
  11. Parietal lobe
    somatosensory cortex
  12. Occipital lobe
    Visual cortex
  13. Frontal Lobe
    Broca's area or Motor Cortex.
  14. Temporal lobe
    Auditory Cortex or Wernicke's Area.
  15. Two structures involved in Parkinson's
    Substantion Nigra and Basal Ganglia
  16. Person has difficulty understanding others and produces utterances that have no meaning would involve damage to what area? In what lobe?
    Wernicke's area in the Temporal Lobe
  17. A person with an expressive aphasia would have damage to this area, in what lobe?
    Broca's Area in the Frontal lobe.
  18. Most people, language is in this hemisphere..
    LEFT !
  19. A person who has loss of memory for events occurring after the amnesia-inducing brain surgery has ______ amnesia
  20. An individual who has loss of memory for events or information learned before the
    surgery has ____ amnesia.
  21. Main treatment for ADD
  22. Disconnecting the prefrontal lobes from the rest of the brain
  23. aphasia
    language impairment caused by damage to the brain
  24. Topographical representation
    areas of the cortex (cortical areas) are systematically arranged, consistent with the body parts they control.
  25. contralateral control
    right side of the brain controls the left side of the body (vice/versa)
  26. homunculus
    little man
  27. phantom limb
    limb amputated, still feeling sensation.
  28. parkinson's
    movement problems/disorder. dementia. cognitive deficits.
  29. basal ganglia
    located in the frontal lobes. participate in motor activity by integrating and smoothing movements using information from the primary and secondary motor areas in the somatosensory cortex.
  30. hippocampus
    important for transferring information from short-term memory to long term memory.
  31. unilateral neglect
    a symptom of brain damage in which a person is unaware of one side of his body and of anything in the external world on the same side.
  32. Korsakoff's
    syndrome [wet brain] due to alcohol. vitamin B deficiency.
  33. First type of sleep stage
    Non REM
  34. After first stage of sleep, you go into ___ sleep, ___ minutes later.
    REM sleep, 90 minutes later.
  35. during ___ sleep, brainwaves are similar to those of an awake person although it is hard to awaken the person; this stage is called..
    REM sleep. Paradoxical sleep.
  36. Sleep walking occurs in..
    Non REM.
  37. Dreams mainly occur in..
  38. Bodily processes speed up in..
  39. Night terrors occur in..
    Non REM.
  40. First half of the night, more ___ sleep occurs.
    Non REM.
  41. More ___ sleep in the second half of the night.
  42. The quantity of REM _____ with age.
  43. Partial paralysis in REM. This results from fiber pathways extending from a structure called..
  44. an amino acid that gets converted into serotonin is..
  45. Sleep disorder where a person has sleep attacks.
  46. In Narcolepsy a person goes straight into ___ sleep first, skipping ___ sleep.
    REM sleep, Non REM.
  47. 3 characteristics of sleep disorders..
    sleep paralysis, cataplexy, and hypnologic hallucinations.
  48. waking up repeatedly in the night, gasping for air are characteristics of..
    sleep apnea.
  49. REM rebound
    the phenomenon of compensating for lost dreaming by having more REM sleep in the recovery night.
  50. the alternation of sleep and wakefulness on an approximately 24-hour cycle known as..
    circadian rhythm.
  51. When one member of a gene pair is more influential, such that its trait is expressed over the trait of the other gene, it is said to be..
    dominant. (ex: brown eyes)
  52. When a dominant gene is paired with a recessive gene, the pair is said to be
    Heterozygous. (ex: Bb, bB)
  53. The observable characteristics of an individual are referred to as one
    Phenotype. (ex: brown eyes, blonde hair, actual features.)
  54. identical twins can be either monozygotic and dizygotic? if not, which?
    FALSE, only monozygotic (one egg)
  55. Nature vs. Nurture
    difference between genes and environment in influencing behavior.
  56. genes are composed of a double strand of molecules known as..
    DNA. (deoxyribonucleic acid)
  57. characteristics of red-green colorblindness
    x-linked, males are more likely to have it and it is a recessive trait.
  58. parents with blue eyes will have children with ___ eyes.
  59. In the disorder PKU, because of a missing enzyme, the body is unable to break down the amino acid ______ into tyrosine.
  60. the actual genes a person inherits determines the..
  61. the outward expression of the genes a person inherits determines the..
  62. Huntington's is an autosomal ______ disorder
  63. PKU and sickle cell anemia are autosomal _____ disorders.
  64. another name for down syndrome is
    tresomy 21
  65. the genotype for klinefelter's is
    x x y
  66. the genotype for Turner's is
    X O
  67. "super male"
    x y y
  68. a photograph of chromosomes is called a
  69. two tests done for genetic disorders are
    CVS and amniocentesis
  70. amniocentesis and chronic villus sampling are..
    types of genetic tests.
  71. homozygous
    same gene from both parents (BB, bb)
  72. heterozygous
    different gene from each parent (Bb, bB)
  73. dominant
    gene or trait that gets expressed
  74. recessive
    gene that gets masked
  75. monozygotic twins
    identical. one egg. genetically identical. same sex.
  76. dizygotic twins
    fraternal. two eggs. genetically same as any sibling. either sex.
  77. huntington's disease
    movement disorder. dementia. personality changes.
  78. left hemisphere
  79. right hemisphere
    visual spatial abilities
  80. right hemisphere can't identify in..
    words (left hemisphere can)
  81. receptive aphasia
    problem with wernicke's area. problem with comprehension.
  82. broca's area
  83. gyri
    hills, bumps.
  84. salci
    valleys, grooves
  85. nature
  86. nurture
    environment, learning, socialization.
  87. autosomal dominant
    one bad gene = have it. probability child gets it: 50%
  88. autosomal recessive
    2 bad genes to get it.
  89. x linked genes
    mom carries