social self 2.txt

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social self 2.txt
2010-10-19 20:22:15
social self

psyc 140
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  1. Self-concept
    set of attributes that defines believes oneself to be, who you think you are who you see yourself as being
  2. Self-esteem
    The positive or negative overall evaluation that we have of ourselves, when think of yourself overall of you feel good or bad
  3. Traits
    general self esteem that you have throughout your life, can change over course of the lifespan but it is for the most part at a set point that you tend to stick to, a stable self esteem
  4. trait self esteem
    the enduring level of confidence and regard that people have for their defining abilities and characteristics across time
  5. state self esteem
    Fluctuations in self-esteem over time and in different domains, the dynamic, changeable self-evaluations that are experienced as momentary feelings about the self
  6. sociometer theory
    evolutionary purpose, protects against isolation , internal subjective index or marker of the extent to which we are included or looked on favorably by others
  7. Terror management theory
    • Assures us of our value in the world, decreases fear of death,
    • Theory that people deal with the potentially paralyzing anxiety that comes with the knowledge of the inevitability of death by striving for symbolic immortality through the preservation of a valued worldview and the conviction that one has lived up to its values and prescriptions
  8. reflected appraisals our perception of how others perceive and evaluate us
  9. direct feedback the information received from others about our traits and abilities
  10. social comparison the act of comparing our traits and abilities with the traits and abilities of others
  11. theory of social comparison
    the hypothesis that when there isn’t an objective standard of evaluation or comprehension, we compare ourselves to other people in order to evaluate our opinions, abilities and internal states
  12. upward social comparison
    motivate if people assimilate, comparing self to someone upward, may be hard to compare oneself to someone who is better than you but can serve as motivation
  13. downward social comparison
    boosts our self-esteem if people contrast, compare with someone who is worse than you helps you feel better about yourself
  14. temporal comparison comparing ourselves
  15. self perception theory
    people come to know their own attitudes by looking at their behavior and the context in which it occurred and inferring what their attitudes must be
  16. introspection as a source of self knowledge
  17. schema
    a collection of related beliefs or idea that people use to organize their knowledge about the world
  18. scripts schema for an event
  19. stereotypes type of schema about a group of people
  20. self-schema
    generalizations/beliefs about the self that organize and guide the processing of self relevant information
  21. self-referent effect:
    tendency to elaborate on and recall information that is intergraded into our self knowledge
  22. what is the self motivated to do?
    • Be consistent
    • Feel good
    • Be correct
  23. self-verification
    we strive for stable accurate beliefs about the self because such beliefs gives is a sense of coherence
  24. self-enhancement
    need for positive self-view and to protect against negative feedback
  25. self-evaluation maintenance model
    we are motivated to view ourselves in a favorable light and that we do so through two processes: reflection and social comparison
  26. self-serving bias
    tendency to attribute failure and other bad events to external circumstances, but to attribute success and other good events on oneself
  27. over-optimism
    the sense that the future offers the promise of happiness and success
  28. unrealistic optimism
    think that positive events are more likely to happen to them than to others and negative events are less likely to happen to them
  29. comparative optimism
    tendency to focus on themselves and ignore what happens to others
  30. better than average effect
    • people tend to think that they are decidedly above average
    • People think they are above average in popularity, kindness, fairness, leadership, and the ability to get along with others. Above average drivers
  31. false consensus effect
    Tendency to assume that own opinions, beliefs, preferences, values and habits are “normal” and that others also think the same way you do. Leads to perception of a consensus that does not exist: false consensus
  32. false uniqueness effect
    think we possess traits that very few people possess making us different from everyone else
  33. self-efficacy the belief in our own capabilities
  34. illusions of control choosing lottery numbers
  35. locus of control
    • Overestimating the control we have in situations, when there really isn’t a control
    • Dice: rolling slower or faster lets us feel in control and think that we can control what will be rolled
  36. learned helplessness
    passive and depressed responses that individuals show when their goals are blocked and they feel that they have no control over their outcomes
  37. self-presentation
    controlling, regulating, and monitoring the information we provide about ourselves
  38. self-handicapping
    tendency to engage in self defeating behaviors in order to prevent others from drawing unwanted attributions about the self as a result of poor performance
  39. Self-monitoring
    being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting performance to create the desired impression
  40. high self monitors
    Sensitive to social cues; social chameleons who work to project an image that they think others want to see.
  41. low self-monitors
    Lack either ability or motivation to regulate self-presentations; focus on being self-consistent and relatively unconcerned with their impression