Card Set Information
Rad Path Final test
Scurvy is a deficency of what?
ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
This may occur when a persons calorie intake exceed their physical activity?
What is Pica?
a compulsive eating disorder that eats items other than food
This is a chronic, inherited disease and occurs when fat replaces muscles:
What is another term for Down Syndrome?
What are some radiographic appearances of Down Syndrome?
wide set eyes, short and flat nose, coarse tongue that often protrudes, and congential heart disease
Where is a Swan-Ganz catheter placed?
lies within the right or left main pulmonary artery
are positioned incorrectly?
CVP or central venous catheters
Where should an Endotracheal Tube be positioned?
5 to 7 cm above carina
Which catheter has a radiographic strip for visualization radiographically?
Name 2 types of Transvenous Cardiac Pacemakers:
dual and single
Why might a lateral CXR be done for pacemakers placement?
to visualize posterior to coronary sinus
What modality is the desired choice for proper placement of internal devices?
radiography of the chest
Where does scurvy mainly occur in children?
wrist and knee
What is the radiographic appearance of scurvy?
pelken spurs, white line appearance, and osteoporosis
The bowing of weight bearing bones can be caused by this:
What is Osteomalacia?
softening of the bones
In the event that a patient has had gastric bypass surgery and a follow-up procedure is ordered in radiology, what type of contrast would be consumed by the patient first?
use gastrografin to look for leaks then use barium after approved
What does lead poisoning look like radiographically?
look like use contrast, lead on long bones
What does Muscular Dystrophy look like radiographically?
fine straighted/stripped appearance
Why is Ultrasound the modality of choice for the Reproductive system?
because it does not use ionizing radiation
Where does the final maturation of sperm occur?
What is a Vasectomy?
severing of the vas deferens
What is Spermatiogenesis?
formation of sperm
In general, what is also known as enlargment of the prostate gland and how is it usually diagnosed?
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, ultrasound best diagnosed
What are some symptoms of BPH?
inability to empty the bladder, partial urinary tract obstruction, and hydronephrosis
What is the radiographic appearance of BPH?
smooth impressions on the floor of the bladder, J-shaped or fish hook of the ureters
What does TUR stand for?
What is the 2nd most common malignanvy in men and how old are they when this usually occurs?
Prostate cancer and it occurs with black males over the age of 50
What are some symptoms of Prostate cancer?
What is the radiographic appearance of Prostate cancer?
elevation and irregular bladder, ivory vertebra,
What is a common treatment of Prostate cancer?
What is often associated with prostate cancer?
a disterbance of hormaone secretion of the sex glands
What does PID stand for and what is it usually caused by?
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and is caused by venereal disease in women in childbearing age, unsterile abrotion or delivery,
What is the imaging choice for PID?
What is a Hysterosalpingogram?
uterine cavity and fallopian tubes are opacified after the injection of contrast material into the uterus
What is Endometriosis?
presence of normal-appearing endometrium in sites other than their normal locations inside the uterus
Endometriosis usually can affect what other part of the body?
What is the 3rd most common form of cancer in women?
carcinoma of the cervix
What is used to diagnois blocked fallopian tubes?
Where is the most common region for cancer to be located in the breast?
What is the difference between Polyhydramnios and Olgohydramnios?
Polyhydramnios-excessive amniotic fluid
Olgohydramnios-small volume of amniotic fluid
What is determined in an Ultrasound scan for a pregnant woman?
it detects pid and pelvic abscesses
What is the name of the exam usually performed for female infertility?
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
a pregnancy that does not occur in uterus but elsewhere such as in the tubes
Where is the cervix located?
posterior to the bladder
What is ovulation?
where the follicle rupture and expels the mature ovum into the pelvic cavity
Where is the prostrate gland located?
lies just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra
How may breast cancer appear on a mammogram?
fine linear strand appearance
1/3 of the patients with cervical cancer may also have what other conditions?
A pap smear is usually done to check for what?
Where does endometriosis occur?
What does PID stand for?
pelvic inflammatory disease
What is pus in the fallopian tubes?
What is fluid in the fallopian tubes?
What is a common death from cervical cancer?
what percent of men get breast cancer?
PID imaging of choice is what?
Where does metatisize of the bone occur in prostate cancer?
pelvis, thoracolumbar spine, and ribs
what does breast cancer look like radiographically?
fine linear strands and calcifications
What is estrogen is secreted by?
What is a old exam in past to look at the pelvic childbirth?
Pelcons spur occur with what?
What is the most common chromosomal anomoly is ?
lead and what are interchangably in the body?
T/F ET is too high if it causes atelectais.
F, if its too low
What is a radiographic appearance of obesity?
short wide chest and diaphragm too high
What is also known as weight bowing?
What do you want to see with the HSG?
spillage into the peritenium
Who does a HSG?
OBGYN, we set up tray and patient prep