Card Set Information
the study of how people understand and make sense of others and themselves
theories of how people go about explaining others and their own behavior
(situational causes) – all causes are external to the person (pressure from others, money, the situations, etc)
(dispositional causes) – all causes are internal to the person (moods, attitudes, personality traits abilities, etc.)
the idea that we should attribute behavior to potential causes that co-occur with the behavior
: does the person usually behave this way in this situation?
does the person behave differently in different situations?
do others behave similarly in this situation?
a persons habitual way of explaining events, typically assessed along 3 dimensions; internal/external, stable/unstable, global/specific
pessimistic explanatory style
the tendency to see negative events as cause by internal and stable factors.
Associated with depression, risk for disease, low self-esteem, helplessness, and loneliness
fundamental attribution error
tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositional influences on others’ behavior ( and vice versa for the self)
Why does the fundamental attribution error occur?
Belief in a just world –People “get what they deserve”
This suggests that other people cause their own outcomes (dispositional), whereas we are the victims of circumstance
when we act, we notice the situation, when others act, we notice the person
Attention on the person rather than the situation