social judgement.txt

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social judgement.txt
2010-10-19 20:52:29
social judgement

psyc 140
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  1. assimilation
    interpreting new info in terms of existing beliefs, our expectations influence our interpretations and our behavior
  2. confirmation bias
    tendency to search for information that confirms our preconceptions
  3. behavioral confirmation
    Our expectations lead us to act in ways that cause others to confirm our expectations
  4. belief perseverance
    persistence ozone's initial conceptions even in the face of opposing evidence
  5. overconfidence phenomenon
    tendency to be more confident than correct; to overestimate the accuracy of one’s beliefs
  6. illusory correlation
    overestimating the relationship between two variable (where none actually exists)
  7. regression toward the mean
    misunderstanding the statistical tendency for extreme behavior to return toward one’s average ex. sports illustrated
  8. illusion of control
    perception of events being under one’s control (when they are not controllable).
  9. base-rate fallacy
    tendency to ignore statistical information on favor of dramatic or vivid case histories
  10. anchoring and adjustment
    tendency for numerical estimates to be biased by an initial, even arbitrary, starting point, or “anchor”
  11. heuristics
    a judgment strategy ( a rule of thumb or mental shortcut) that is quick but imperfect , intuitive mental operation that allow us to make a variety of judgments quickly and efficiently
  12. availability heuristic
    used to evaluate the frequency or likelihood of an even on the basis of how quickly examples are readily available in your memory
  13. representative heuristic
    used to estimate the extent to which a person (or thing) is representative of the average person (or thing) in the category