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interpreting new info in terms of existing beliefs, our expectations influence our interpretations and our behavior
tendency to search for information that confirms our preconceptions
Our expectations lead us to act in ways that cause others to confirm our expectations
persistence ozone's initial conceptions even in the face of opposing evidence
tendency to be more confident than correct; to overestimate the accuracy of one’s beliefs
overestimating the relationship between two variable (where none actually exists)
regression toward the mean
misunderstanding the statistical tendency for extreme behavior to return toward one’s average ex. sports illustrated
illusion of control
perception of events being under one’s control (when they are not controllable).
tendency to ignore statistical information on favor of dramatic or vivid case histories
anchoring and adjustment
tendency for numerical estimates to be biased by an initial, even arbitrary, starting point, or “anchor”
a judgment strategy ( a rule of thumb or mental shortcut) that is quick but imperfect , intuitive mental operation that allow us to make a variety of judgments quickly and efficiently
used to evaluate the frequency or likelihood of an even on the basis of how quickly examples are readily available in your memory
used to estimate the extent to which a person (or thing) is representative of the average person (or thing) in the category
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