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Polymetric Enteral Nutrition
- GI tract must be able to absorb whole nutrients
- A dietary supplement
- Sometimes called Ensure
Modular Enteral Nutrition
- Not nutritionally complete
- Protein Supplements
Elemental Enteral Nutrition
consists of predigested nutrients
What kind of Enteral Diet would you place the anorexic on?
The Patient with a dysfunctional GI tract and cannot absorb nutrients would be placed on what kind of enteral diet?
- usually used in patients who have trouble absorbing nutrients.
A patient with no teeth would be placed on what kind of diet?
- Mechanically soft
- --cottage cheese, potato pancakes
What kind of diet would you place a patient with GI problems to reduce gas?
- Low- REsidue Diet
- No skin on Foods, pasta
What kind of patients should be placed on Enteral Diets?
- Cancer of the Head, Neck, and upper GI
- Critical Illness, trauma, neuromuscular disorders
- GI disorders
- Ventilated Patients
- Inadequate Oral Intake
What are some Complications that can occur with Enteral Diets?
Diarrhea (especially with polymetric), aspirations, electrolyte imbalance, hyperglycemia, breakdown of tissue at insertion site, risk of infection
When would you use Parenteral Nutrition?
- For a patient with no bowel sounds
Complications with parenteral nutrition?
Administration of nutrition into the vascular system