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______ is the process of making alcohol.
The consumable type of alcohol that is the psychoactive ingredient in alcoholic beverages is ______.
C. Ethylene glycol
______ is the process by which alcohol concentrations are increased.
One hundred ten proof alcohol has a ______ alcohol content.
The concentration of alcohol in wine coolers is usually about ______.
Drinks stronger than ______ proof may actually inhibit alcohol absorption.
A glass of champagne has a faster onset of action than a glass of wine that contains the same amount of alcohol because ______.
A. champagne does not have to be digested because it is absorbed more readily, whereas wine has to be digested.
B. the carbon dioxide (carbonation) in champagne moves it more rapidly from the stomach to the small intestine where absorption occurs more rapidly.
C. liver enzymes do not metabolize champagne as rapidly as wine.
D. wine, but not champagne, contains contaminant products that slow down absorption.
Which of the following people would have the highest blood alcohol level after consuming two glasses of wine?
A. 100 lb. male
B. 100 lb. female
C. 150 lb. male
D. 200 lb. male or female
Alcoholic beverages contain large amounts of ______.
The lethal blood alcohol level is ______.
A. between 0.06% and 0.1%
B. between 0.2% and 0.3%
C. between 0.4% and 0.6%
D. varies from state to state
Which is the manner whereby the body loses fluids through alcohol’s diuretic action?
Prolonged heavy drinking can lead to all of the following except ______
A. kidney and liver damage.
B. increased likelihood of oral cancer.
C. increased resistance to pneumonia and other infectious diseases.
D. damage to brain and peripheral nervous system.
Cirrhosis of the liver ______.
A. is the first stage of alcohol-induced liver disease
B. is unique to male alcoholics
C. is irreversible
D. is the leading cause of death in men aged 25 to 65
Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by all of the following except ______.
A. growth retardation before and/or after birth
B. excessive weight gain
C. facial deformities
D. mental retardation
Individuals are classified as __________drinkers if they consume five or more drinks on one occasion, or consume alcohol on five or more days during a given 30-day period.
_________ have the highest rate of alcohol consumption.
B. African Americans
In the United States, most alcohol drinkers drink .
B. mixed drinks
D. hard liquor
An individual who does not consume any alcoholic beverage is termed a
A. dry corker
A/an ________ is more likely to use alcohol throughout his/her life.
A. active religious person
B. individual with a GED
C. college dropout
D. college graduate
Yearly, alcohol is responsible for deaths.
D. over 100,000
The highest economic costs for the nation regarding alcohol abuse are
A. lost productivity
B. healthcare costs
D. None of the above
An organization that lobbies against alcohol impaired driving and for stricter enforcement of laws is .
D. Both A and C
It is believed that was the first method for making alcohol, which dates back to 4200 B.C.
D. chemical intensification synthesis
Which of the following would have most likely been a promoter of the temperance movement?
A. White farmer
B. African American church member
D. Affluent white church member
The establishments where alcohol could be purchased and consumed during prohibition were known as .
A. bootleg inns
D. invisible inns
Which of the following occurred because of Prohibition?
A. Alcohol use diminished the first 2 or 3 years.
B. Enforcement of laws was thwarted by corrupt law enforcement officials.
C. Immigrants perceived prohibition as unnecessary and an infringement of their cultural beliefs and practices.
D. All of the above
The reason(s) for the increase in women’s reported alcohol problems is/are that women ______ .
A. drinkers are more visible as they make up one-half of the work force.
B. are more likely to seek treatment, especially in white-collar occupations.
C. today have become more detectable because family members are more likely to convince a women to seek help against drinking.
D. Both A and B
Which of the following is not a major component of alcoholism?
A. impaired or loss of control
B. physical dependence
C. increased appetite
American culture typically views alcohol consumption and the beverages themselves as .
B. mature and sophisticated
C. facilitating socializing
D. All of the above